Fall 2015
Tues and
Thurs 12:00 – 1:15 PM
Instructor: Dr. Patrick A. Carter, Professor, School of Biological Sciences, Heald 217
Instructor email: pacarter(at)wsu.edu
Office Hours: Mon 1:10 to 2:00; Tues & Thurs 1:15 to 2:00; or by appointment
Textbook Bundle: Stanfield. Principles of Human Physiology, 5^{th} Edition. PhysioEx 9.0 lab book & cd, and Interactive Physiology 10 System Suite cd, bundled with the textbook. Available at the Bookie and Crimson and Gray.
Lab Manual: Zoo 251 Lab Manual. Available at the Bookie or Crimson and Gray.
Required Software: Top Hat. Will be used for inclass quizzes, homework, and information dissemination. You will be contacted by Top Hat directly and will be charged $24 when you register on their website.
Top Hat URL: https://app.tophat.com/e/410946
Top Hat Support: support@tophat.com
Class Web Page: http://public.wsu.edu/~biol251/
Syllabus (pdf): Syllabus
Plagiarism Statement: Plagiarism
TA Contact Information: taofficehours.pdf
A
topic 23 homework question is available for you to answer on Top Hat; it is
called T23HW1. Please answer the
question by 1130 AM on Thursday November 19^{th}.
Exam 4 Information
Exam 4 is on Thursday 3 December from Noon to 1:15 PM (regular class
time).
No cell phones!!
Bring your student id!
Bring a number 2 pencil!!!
Wed afternoon and Thurs night labs (Steven Micheletti TA) AND Thurs
afternoon and Friday morning labs (Erin Wiese TA) take exam in Todd 216.
Mon night lab and Tuesday afternoon lab (Chris Duke TA) take exam in Wegner
G0001
All Other Labs: Regular Lecture Hall (Fulmer 226)
If you are using a
lab grade from a previous semester, take the exam in the regular lecture hall,
Fulmer 226.
Review session: In class on Tuesday December 1st.
Exam 4 Study Materials:
Note: These
practice exams are actual exams from previous years. Use them at your own risk;
some material covered in previous years is no longer covered in class, and new
material has been added that you will not find represented on old exams.
Exam 3 Grades
The mean on Exam 3 is 52 out of 78 (= 66%);
therefore a curve correction is needed.
I added 3 points to everyone’s score so that the curve corrected mean is
55 out of 78 (= 70%).
Note: a
difference between your recorded grade and what you think you scored on the
exam is usually caused by incorrectly filling out the scantron sheet for one or
two questions. You can come to office
hours and look at your scantron to see where the transcription error occurred;
however, I cannot give you points for transcription errors. Also 10 students lost 4 points each for not
providing correct id numbers on the scantrons.
Click on
the link below to see your adjusted score; this adjusted score has the extra 3
points (= 4%) included. EX3 is your
adjusted point total out of 78; EX3P is your adjusted percent score.
Exam 3 Study Materials:
Note: These practice exams are actual exams from previous years. Use
them at your own risk; some material covered in previous years is no longer
covered in class, and new material has been added that you will not find
represented on old exams.
Exam 2
The mean on Exam 2 is 32 out of 54 (= 59%);
therefore a curve correction is needed.
I added 6 points to everyone’s score so that the curve corrected mean is
38 out of 54 (= 70%).
Note: a
difference between your recorded grade and what you think you scored on the
exam is usually caused by incorrectly filling out the scantron sheet for one or
two questions. You can come to office
hours and look at your scantron to see where the transcription error occurred;
however, I cannot give you points for transcription errors.
Exam 2 Study Materials:
Note: These practice exams are
actual exams from previous years. Use them at your own risk; some material
covered in previous years is no longer covered in class, and new material has
been added that you will not find represented on old exams.
Exam 1
The mean
on Exam 1 is a 68%; therefore there is a 2% curve correction. In addition, because of the snafu with
missing exams, I have given everyone in the class an additional 5% grade bump,
so the overall mean after adjustments for Exam 1 is a 75%. (Note: the mean score of the 90 students who
had to wait to get their exams was exactly the same as the mean score for the
rest of the class.)
Exam 1 Study Materials:
Human Physiology in the News:
Obituary of Dr. Oliver Sacks. If you have not read any of his books, you should.
Statins and the new drug to lower cholesterol.
New Study Recommends Very Low Blood Pressure Standards
Very
interesting interview with neuroscientist Cornelia Bargmann
Answers to student questions:
Does Lactic Acid buildup during anaerobic exercise cause muscle soreness? (thank you Mariah!)
Can tetanus be treated once a person is infected? (Thank you Haley!)
What causes Blue Balls? (Thank you Wendy!!)
Actual Scientific paper on Blue Balls
Why diabetes causes abdominal pain (Thank you Connor! Note, you will need to use your WSU login to access this information)
How do
athletes’ hearts change during training? (Thank you Brittany!!)
Biology 251 Topics
Fall 2015
(click on a topic link to get a pdf
of the lecture notes)
(figure numbers in the lecture notes
refer to figures in the textbook)
Date

Week

Topic

Subject


Lab




CELL PHYSIOLOGY 


25 Aug 
1 
1 
Ch 1 
Mandatory Attendance: Check In 

27 Aug 
1 
2 
2939; 7289 

1 Sept 
2 
3 
2932; Ch 4 
Diffusion, Osmosis & Membrane Transport 

3 Sep 
2 
4 
Ch 7 

8 Sep 
3 
5 
Ch 8 
PhysioEx: Nerve Impulses (Exercise 3) 




CONTROL SYSTEMS 


10 Sep 
3 
6 
Ch 9 

15 Sep 
4 
7 
254262; 295299 
Reflexes 

17 Sep 
4 

EXAM 1 Topics 1 to 5 (54 points) 


22
Sep*

5 
8 
Ch 11 
Sensory Responses 

24 Sep 
5 
9 
Ch 6 

29
Sep

6 
10 
624626; 638663; 
PhysioEx: The Endocrine System (Exercise 4) 




MUSCLES AND THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM 


1 Oct 
6 
11 
332351 

6 Oct 
7 

EXAM 2 Topics 6 to 10 (54 points) 

Skeletal Muscle 
8 Oct 
7 
12 
331346 

13 Oct 
8 
13 
350355 
Smooth Muscle + Library Session Owen 319D 

15 Oct 
8 
14 
Cardiovascular System: Anatomy & Electrical Activity of Heart 
360376 
* Last day to drop class without record
20 Oct 
9 
15 
377390 
HR, BP & ECG: Formal Lab Report on this exercise 

22 Oct 
9 
16 
395419 

27 Oct 
10 
17 
419429; Ch 15 
Animal Heart Rate 




RESPIRATORY AND
URINARY SYSTEMS 


29 Oct 
10 
18 
Ch 16 

3 Nov

11 

EXAM 3 Topics 11 to 17 (78 points) 

Respiration 
5 Nov 
11 
19 
Ch 17 

10 Nov 
12 
20


No LabsTime for working on lab reports 

12 Nov 
12

21 
Urinary System: Reabsorption,
Secretion, & Excretion

504514 

17 Nov 
13 
22 
515527 534542 
PhysioEx: The Kidney (Exercise 9). Lab Reports due. 

19 Nov 
13 
23 
543553 

24 Nov 





26 Nov





1 Dec 
14 

553561 
PhysioEx: Acid Base Balance (Exercise 10). 

3 Dec 
14 

EXAM 4: Topics 18  23 (64 points) 


8 Dec

15 
24 
Immune System 
Ch 23 
Mandatory Attendance: Final Grade Check 
10 Dec 
15 
25 
Health Challenges of the 21^{st} Century 
No reading 







17 Dec 


EXAM 5: Cumulative
Final Topics 1 – 25 ( 
































Course Objectives: Most students in Biology 251 are pursuing careers in Health or Exercise Sciences. For many of you, Biology 251 will be your primary exposure to human physiology while an undergraduate. You need to learn how the healthy human body functions before you can learn in future classes how exercise, disease and injury alter function. My objective in teaching this course is to ensure that you learn human physiology well enough to be successful in future classes, professional exams, and careers. Your task is to read the assigned pages in the textbook, attend lectures and laboratories and study and THINK about the material. By doing this, you will be able to perform well on exams and quizzes, you will learn the material well enough to be able to use it in your future classes and career, and you will make this course a satisfying intellectual experience.
Student Learning
Outcomes: The
SLO 
Class Activity 
1. Understand and explain major biological concepts. 
Fundamental goal of lecture
and lab is to teach core concepts in physiology. 
2. Use critical thinking and scientific skills to analyze and solve problems. 
Lab exercises, quiz and
exam questions will require critical problem solving abilities. 
3. Effectively communicate biological problems and solutions to both the scientific community and the public at large in writing and in discussion. 
Lab exercises; formal lab
report; formal and informal discussion in lab and lecture. 
4. Formulate logical hypotheses and test them by designing and running appropriate experiments or observational studies and analyses. 
Experiments in the
laboratory portion of the course. 
5. Identify the central body of knowledge in biology or zoology (genetics, evolution, ecology and organismal biology, molecular biology). 
Physiology is a central
component of organismal biology; lecture and lab will teach the major
concepts of this area of biology. 
6. Use scientific literacy and knowledge of biology or zoology to analyze contemporary social, cultural, and environmental issues and contribute to informed opinion. 
Use knowledge of human
physiology to assess contemporary issues in human medicine in lab and lecture
discussions, quizzes and exams. 
How to Do Well: This course covers a great deal of complex and interrelated material. You must understand topics covered early in the course to be able to comprehend information presented later in the course, and you will have to be able to integrate material that you learn throughout the course. Therefore it is imperative that you do not fall behind. You can take several steps to increase your ability to comprehend and remember material.
1) Do the assigned reading for a topic BEFORE the lecture even if you don’t understand all the details at first. Being familiar with topics beforehand will allow you to get the most out of lecture.
2) When reading a given chapter, first skim the section called “Chapter Summary” at the end of the chapter to get an overview of the important concepts in the chapter, then read the chapter itself.
3) Within 24 hours of a lecture, rewrite your lecture notes, practice drawing crucial figures, REVIEW ANIMATIONS on the Interactive Physiology cd, and write practice exam questions on that lecture. This will force you to review and integrate the material while it is fresh in your mind, and it will provide you and your friends with practice exams to take before each real exam.
4) Topics in this
course build on each other. For example,
you must understand electrochemical gradients to understand how neurons
function, and you need to understand how neurons function to understand muscle
function, and you need to understand muscle function to understand cardiac
function. Thus make sure that when you study a topic, you understand it well
enough to be able to remember it and use it later in the course.
5) Do NOT fall behind in your reading and studying; you will find it impossible to catch up once you fall behind in a course of this type. To learn this material, you WILL have to spend numerous hours outside of class reading and studying. Make sure you set aside regular times outside of class to work on the course material; you should plan on at least 6 to 8 hours per week of study time.
Class Notes:
My lecture notes for each class meeting will be available on the course web
page (http://public.wsu.edu/~biol251/)
by
Exams and Grades: Your final grade will be determined from exam scores and from the laboratory score; you will be assigned a final letter grade based on your total course points. The total number of points available is 500: 250 of these come from semester exams, 100 come from the cumulative final, 100 come from the lab, and 50 come from lecture and home quizzes. No extra credit will be available.
All grading scales are “curved”. Traditionally, the mean score plus or minus one standard deviation is given a grade of C, scores between plus 1 and plus 2 standard deviations are given a B, scores greater than plus 2 standard deviations are given an A, scores between minus 1 and minus 2 standard deviations are given a D and scores less than minus 2 standard deviations are given an F.
I use a slight variant of this system that offers a big incentive to students to do well and that is easy to understand. I only curve “up”, and when I do, I adjust the mean to a 70% to facilitate translation of the curved scale to the letter scale with which most students are familiar. So, for example, if the mean score is 65%, all students have 5% added to their scores to bring the mean up to a 70%. However, I never curve “down”; if the mean is an 80%, I leave it at 80%; I do NOT take 10% away from each student’s score. This means that all students in the class could earn A’s and B’s. In addition, score standard deviations in the class tend to be large, so the “C range” is larger than in a traditional system.
Once the curve has been adjusted (if needed), letter grades are assigned as follows:
A = 92.50% and up
A^{} = 90.0% to 92.49%
B^{+} = 87.50% to 89.99%
B = 82.50% to 87.49%
B^{} = 80.0% to 82.49%
C^{+} = 75.0% to 79.99%
C = 65.0% to 74.99%
C^{} = 60.0% to 64.99%
D = 50.0% to 59.99%
F = 49.99% or less
You will have four 75 minute inclass semester exams that will be worth a grand total of 250 points. Exams may contain multiple choice, truefalse, and/or matching questions. Each of these exams will cover between 5 and 7 topics worth of material and will be scored according to the amount of material. Exam 1 will cover 5 topics and be worth 54 points. Exam 2 will cover 5 topics and be worth 54 points. Exam 3 will cover 7 topics and be worth 78 points. Exam 4 will cover 6 topics and be worth 64 points. Exam questions will be written from material covered in lecture and/or the notes; I will also give several questions on every exam that will require you to integrate or apply knowledge in novel ways.
If the point total on your exam was summed incorrectly, please see me immediately, and I will fix the problem. Ensure that your exam total is the sum of all the points you received on the exam. If you think that you supplied a correct answer for a question, but did not receive points for that answer, you have SEVEN DAYS after receiving your graded exam in which to resubmit your exam to me, with a WRITTEN explanation of which points you should receive and why you should receive them. I will NOT entertain verbal requests for additional points.
The final exam
will be on Thursday 17 December from 8:00 to 10:00 AM, will be in multiple
choice, truefalse, and/or matching question format, and will be worth 100
points. You will have 2 hours to
complete the final exam.
Review sessions will be held prior
to each semester exam and before the final exam. Dates and times will be announced the second
week of class. A Study Guide and Review
Questions from previous exams will be provided prior to all semester exams
and the final exam.
If you miss an exam, you will receive a score of 0 for that exam. If you have what I consider to be a legitimate excuse for missing an exam, and if you inform me of this before the exam, you will be allowed to take a cumulative makeup exam on Thursday 10 December at 1:30 PM in Heald 201. NO makeup for the FINAL exam will be given. Missing more than 1 exam will result in a grade of F or I (depending on circumstances) for the course.
The laboratory is worth 100 points, which is 20% of your total grade. This grade will be determined from quizzes and assignments given during lab and from a formal lab report which is worth 25% of your lab grade. It is quite difficult to make up missed labs, and missing more than two labs will result in an F or I for the course. Laboratory scores are normalized across TAs at the end of the semester so that no students are at a disadvantage for differences in TA grading styles. A passing grade in the laboratory is required to pass the course.
Inclass and athome quizzes using the Top Hat software system are worth a total of 50 points. There will be approximately 2 to 4 points of quiz credit available each lecture, starting week 2, using this system; questions may be on material recently covered or about to be covered. I know students occasionally have to miss class for legitimate reasons, and that there may be occasional software glitches, therefore each student is expected to attempt a minimum of 80% of the questions. The Top Hat grade will be calculated by taking the percentage of points earned and multiplying it by 50 points; e.g., a student who earns a 90% on her Top Hat grade will get 45 of the 50 available Top Hat points. If a student attempts less than 80% of the questions, then his/her Top Hat score will be reduced by 30 percentage points, e.g., a score of 95% on Top Hat questions will be reduced to 65%.
Cheating on an exam or a laboratory assignment (including plagiarism) will result in a grade of F for the entire course and will result in additional disciplinary action by the University. Cell phones must be stowed in a backpack or pocket during an exam; a visible cell phone during an exam will be considered hard evidence of cheating and will result in a grade of F for the entire course and will result in additional disciplinary action by the University. The instructors assume you have read and understand the plagiarism policy posted on the course web page.
Disabilities: Reasonable accommodations are available for students with a documented disability. If you have a disability and need accommodations to fully participate in this class, please either visit or call the Access Center (Washington Building 217; 5093353417) to schedule an appointment with an Access Advisor. All accommodations MUST be approved through the Access Center. For more information contact a Disability Specialist at 5093353417, http://accesscenter.wsu.edu, or at Access.Center@wsu.edu. If you have a documented disability, please see me so that we can make needed arrangements.
Safety: Washington State University is committed to enhancing the safety of the students, faculty, staff, and visitors. It is highly recommended that you review the Campus Safety Plan (http://safetyplan.wsu.edu/) and visit the Office of Emergency Management web site (http://oem.wsu.edu/) for a comprehensive listing of university policies, procedures, statistics, and information related to campus safety, emergency management, and the health and welfare of the campus community.
Departmental and
University Policies: The