There are many examples of redundancies in these pages: phrases which say twice what needs to be said only once, like “past history." Advertisers are particularly liable to redundancy in hyping their offers: “as an added bonus” (as a bonus), “preplan” (plan), and “free gift” (but look out for the shipping charges!). Two other common redundancies which are clearly errors are “and plus” (plus) and “end result” (result). But some other redundancies are contained in phrases sanctioned by tradition: “safe haven,” “hot water heater,” “new beginning,” and “tuna fish."
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