Nuclear Holocausts Bibliography: B

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Table of Contents

Baker, F. Robert. Warhead. New York: Bantam, 1981.
A thriller reflecting the Iranian hostage crisis. When Palestinian terrorists hijack a plane containing the families of the crew of a nuclear submarine and land it at a Russian base in Ethiopia, the sub crew decides on its own to use nuclear blackmail to force the Russians to allow the marines to rescue their families. First the Russians try to eliminate the sub, but they are defeated by its superior defenses. In the process, a nuclear bomb on board a Russian helicopter is accidentally detonated, but fails to damage the sub. The crew and captain are given presidential pardons for their mutinous independent action.

Balabukha, Andrei. "Appendix." Originally "Appendiks" in Fantastika-67. Moscow: Molodaia Gvardiia, 1968. In Vladimir Gakov, ed. World's Spring. Trans. from Russian by Roger DeGaris. London & New York: Macmillan, 1981.
Explorers have found many dead worlds, many destroyed through suicidal warfare. One such was wrecked by thermonuclear bombs. Using a device which allows travel into the past, they send an agent to assassinate the scientist who would otherwise have gone on to invent the bomb. The planet, which turns out to be an alternative version of our Earth, is allowed peacefully to develop and spread its civilization into space. However, the explorers lament the killing which they have had to commit, even though it was done for the best of motives.

Balint, Emery. Don't Inhale It! New York: Gaer, 1949.
A satire on international tensions by a self-proclaimed leftist in which the Earth is accidentally split in two by a bomb test, and the Eastern and Western hemispheres become separate planets. Animosity between North and South America leads to a war which in turn splits that planetoid into two smaller fragments, then the Northern Hemisphere is split again. Presented as a parable of the danger of the atomic bomb.

Balizet, Carol. The Seven Last Years. Lincoln, Va.: Chosen Books, 1978.
A fictionalized version of the Apocalypse, based on the author's interpretation of biblical prophecies. Armageddon consists of a three-sided war: Israel versus an Arab-African coalition versus the Russians. The U.S. Iaunches its nuclear weapons against the USSR, China retaliates, and the result is a massive holocaust, producing clouds which blanket the sun. Devastating earthquakes are triggered as well. One old couple is depicted dying of radiation disease. The nuclear phase of the Apocalypse is only briefly dealt with in this fairly effective, earnestly Christian novel.

Ball, Florence E. Zero Plus Ten. New York: Exposition Press, 1965.
Unavailable for review. See Newman and Unsworth.

Ball, Brian N. The Regiments of Night. New York: DAW, 1972.
One thousand years after the Mad Wars of the Third Millenium, the Earth is still a radioactive wasteland occasionally visited by tourists. A group of them, accompanied by a scientist excavating the ruins, stumbles upon and accidentally reactivates an ancient automated battle fortress and a robot army.

Ballard, J. G. The Atrocity Exhibition. London: Gollancz, 1964. London: Jonathan Cape, 1970. London: Panther, 1972. As Love and Napalm: Export USA. New York: Grove Press, 1972.
A surrealist experimental narrative reminiscent of William S. Burroughs, filled with sadomasochistic fantasies linking violence, mutilation, death, and sexuality, including images of nuclear war. These themes are further explored in Crash, Ballard's study in "auto-erotica," inspired by a car accident which almost killed him. Traven, protagonist of "The Terminal Beach," reappears.

___. Empire of the Sun. London: Gollancz, 1984. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.
A harrowing and moving account of a young boy's experiences in Japanese prison camps in the vicinity of Shanghai during World War II. Accustomed to camp life, he greets the flash which he sees from the Nagasaki bomb as the opening shot of World War III. Based on the author's own experiences. ___. "The Terminal Beach" (New Worlds, March 1964). In The Terminal Beach. London: Gollancz, 1964. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966. New York: Berkley, 1964. Also in Chronopolis and Other Stories. New York: Putnam, 1971. Also in The Best Short Stories of J. G. Ballard. New York: Rinehart & Winston, 1978. Also in Judith Merril, ed. 10th Annual Edition: The Year's Best S- F. New York: Delacorte, 1966. New York: Dell, 1966. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966. London: Mayflower, 1967. Also in James Gunn, ed. The Road to Science Fiction #3: From Heinlein to Here. New York: Mentor, 1979. Also in Walter M. Miller, Jr. and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Beyond Armageddon: Twenty-one Sermons to the Dead. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985.
A man haunted by memories of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki visits Eniwetok, an atoll in the Marshall Islands which was the site of U.S. bomb tests 1947-52.

Banks, Pendleton. "Turning Point." Astounding, March 1947.
The mob opposes science and technology in the wake of a holocaust called "the Atom." The hero learns that progress cannot be imposed; the technological renaissance will come when people are ready for it.

Barbet, Pierre (pseud. of Claude Pierre Marie Avice). Baphomet's Meteor. Originally L'empire du Baphomet. Trans. Bernard Kay. New York: Daw, 1972.
In an alternate universe a devil-shaped alien named Baphomet who has crash-landed on Earth gives a 13th-century crusader a cache of atomic grenade with which not only to conquer Jerusalem, but the entire territory conquered by the Mongols, planning to step in and rule over the resultant empire. They succeed brilliantly, meeting Marco Polo at Kubla Khan's court before subduing China. With the aid of the mystical powers of powerful Tibetan lamas, the crusaders are enabled to destroy Baphomet and claim the fruits of their victory. In the process, they have learned how to duplicate the grenades; but Barbet makes nothing of the fact that this could have ominious consequences for their future.

Barjavel, René. Ashes, Ashes. Originally Ravage. Paris: Edition Denoel, 1943. Trans. Damon Knight. Garden City: N.Y.: Doubleday, 1967.
Whites deported blacks to the Southern Hemisphere in 1978; the blacks take revenge in 2052 by launching atomic missiles at Europe. Most of the plot concerns the consequences of the disappearance of electrical power rather than nuclear war as such.

__. The Ice People. Originally La nuit des temps. Paris: Presses de la cité, 1968. Trans. Charles Lam Markmann. London: Hart-Davis, 1970. New York: Morrow, 1971. New York: Pyramid, 1973.
In this old-fashioned fantasy, two survivors of a 900,000-year-old atomic war--caused by overpopulation--are discovered frozen in Antarctica. The world of the frame story is divided into the evil Ensorians with Asian features and the good, blond Gondawans. The survivors tell of a series of world wars, the last of which destroyed their civilization, despite massive student protests (clearly reflecting Paris in 1968). They offer the world future technology to create paradise, but governments sabotage the deal and the couple dies in a Romeo-and-Juliet style tragedy of errors. Contains a warning that the building of the ultimate deterrent may prompt a preemptive strike. Very fantastic, unrealistic.

Barnes, John. The Man Who Pulled Down the Sky. New York: Congdon and Weed, 1986. City?: Worldwide Library, 1988.
Following the catastrophic troubles of the nineteen-nineties and twenty-thirties, a 2034 limited nuclear war in the Middle East led to the destruction of two-thirds of the ozone layer, and the burning of the oil fields increased atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide enough to alter the weather. Most of Earth's inhabitants have died, and the rest are short-lived, often succuming to ultraviolet radiation-induced cancer. Space colonies orbiting near the Earth rule the rest of humanity. The plot concerns a joint rebellion of the outer space colonies and subject surface-dwellers against the dominant space colonies. At one point the latter use a tactical nuclear weapon to destroy their own soldiers who have been captured in an attempt to make it appear that the rebels have used the bomb. This will discredit them, since the use of nuclear weapons is powerfully tabooed. A fairly routine combat story, but with an interesting pro-collectivist bias.

Barnwell, William. The Blessing Papers. New York: Pocket Books, 1980. Sequels: Imram and The Sigma Curve.
Long after the Fires and the Falling of 2020, the hero seeks in a neobarbarian world to recover the box of papers which contain the secrets of earlier wisdom. Nuclear weapons are never mentioned; the only clue to their use is the presence of mutated rats.

___. Imram. New York: Timescape, 1981. Sequel to The Blessing Papers.
A young man named Turly Vail becomes the champion of the savage Ennis. He meets the Gort, who dwell in an automated city, and meets 140-year-old Thomas Blessing. He also begets a son whose genes have been altered by the Gort.

___. The Sigma Curve. New York: Timescape, 1981. Sequel to Imram.
It is revealed that the Falling of 2020 was deliberately caused by a conspiracy to save humanity from an otherwise inevitable apocalyptic ending. In none of these volumes is the Falling unambiguously stated to be a nuclear war, but it seems likely. Turly's son reestablishes communication with a satellite which will begin humanity on the road to rebuilding civilization.

Barr, Densil N[eve] [pseud. of Douglas Norton Buttrey]. The Man with Only One Head. London: Rich & Cowan, 1955. London: Digit, 1962.
A cobalt bomb detonated under mysterious circumstances by the U.S. creates a blanket of fog around the entire Earth which destroys all insects and renders all men sterile except a reclusive millionaire named Vince Adams. Lacking the deterrent of unwanted pregnancy, the World Federation of Nations makes adultery a capital crime and stupidly condemns the one man who can perpetuate the race. He escapes to live secretly in Brazil, and fertility is restored to all men by the discovery of a new medical treatment. This is a less coy reworking of the theme of Pat Frank's Mr. Adam (1946). The book is essentially a satire, particularly ridiculing a big newspaper editor who says, alarmed: "Every man, woman and child has lived for nearly a month in an atmosphere lousy with atoms. . . ." Rejects the notion that "atomic secrets" can be hidden. The book contains a very brief mention of a subsequent World War III, "sometimes called the Six Hour War." Later, lead--useful as shielding--is more valuable than gold. The author also mocks the notion, common to several other novels, that the world will be improved by a nuclear catastrophe.

Barr, Tyrone C. The Last Fourteen. London: Digit, 1959. London: Chariot, 1960.
When the rest of humanity is destroyed in a nuclear war, five women and nine men survive aboard an experimental space station called the "wheorld" (for "wheel world"). The captain forstalls problems by rigidly separating men and women for three years until Earth has recovered sufficiently to land. He then rather surprisingly promulgates a set of utopian regulations requiring nudity, free sex, communal child-rearing, a deistic civil religion, and an ideal communist economy. Traditional religions are banned, as are competitive sports and gambling. Breaches of the law are to be punished with death. It is hoped that the ruthless execution of all violent individuals will result in the breeding of a new, peaceful race of humanity. The only dissenter to these proposals is a priest who later turns out to be the murderer of two of their number. (He is trying to keep secret the fact that he once raped a child.) Most of the narrative focuses on the sexual tensions and jealousies of the survivors, who quickly revert to monogamy (the captain first of all, oddly enough). Earth has been transformed: giant grasses which taste like melons thrive; there are mammoth shrimp, amphibious salmon, and gigantic toads. The planet now resembles the land of Oz in that almost everything they encounter is good to eat. The most dangerous animal they find is a huge, unfeathered duck. At the novel's end, a crude, bullying fellow has declared himself dictator and the survivors have split into two rival factions; but a woman insists that they must not repeat the mistakes of the past in reinventing war. This summary may give the impression that the work is a simple anti-utopian satire, but the impression one gets from reading it is more ambiguous. One of the more implausible and poorly written of these books.

Barrett, G[eoffrey] J[ohn]. City of the First Time. London: Robert Hale, 1975.
Three thousand survivors of a March 2001 Armageddon are threatened in their deep underground shelter by the progressive failure of seals in layers above them. They explore a connecting network of caves, stumbling upon a subterranean city of telepathic survivors of an ancient atomic war predating humanity. Both races were planted on Earth by spacefaring aliens. Fighting breaks out and all seems lost, but the hope is asserted that in the distant future--even though yet another race will probably fight yet another apocalyptic atomic war--the path to peaceful coexistence will be discovered.

Barrett, Neal. Dawn's Uncertain Light. New York: Signet, 1989.
Sequel to Through Darkest America. More brutal adventures in postholocaust America, principal emphasis is on systematic cannibalism in the wake of the death of most animals.

___. Through Darkest America. Chicago: Worldwide Library, 1988. London: New American Library 1987. Sequel: Dawn's Uncertain Light.

___. "Ginny Sweethips Flying Circus." In Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, February 1988.

Barron, D[onald1 G[abriel]. The Zilov Bombs. London: A. Deut,sch, 1962. London: Pan, 1965. New York: Norton, 1963.
In England under Russian occupation, the resistance hatches a plot to assassinate the Communist leaders with a smuggled atom bomb. [More]

Barthelme, Donald. "Game" (New Yorker, July 1965). In Unspeakable Practices, Unnatural Acts. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1968. New York: Bantam, 1969. New York: Pocket Books, 1976. London: Cape, 1969. Bound with City Life. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1975. Also in Judith Merril, ed. SF 12. New York: Delacorte, 1968. New York: Dell, 1969. Also in James Sallis, ed. The War Book. London: Hart-Davis, 1969. Also in Dick Allen, ed. Science Fiction: The Future. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.
Two men trapped for 133 days in a missile fire control center go slowly mad. One hordes his set of jacks and won't let his comrade play until he agrees to help launch the missiles. The latter is about to agree as the story ends.

Barton, James. Wasteworld 1: Aftermath. London: Granada, 1983.
Conflicts in Central America and the Mideast lead to a nuclear war and the collapse of civilization. A veteran of the Marine Air Corps struggles his way though the skeleton-littered ruins in search of his ex-wife and children, killing feral cats and dogs and savage humans. In New Orleans he battles the black supremacist leader of a cannibalistic cult which blames whites for the war. Radiation "mutates" people into monsters with whom the hero allies himself against the blacks. Consists mainly of brutal combat scenes featuring bizarre opponents: "Something with too many teeth and too much hair was doubled over, spilling entrails as it cannoned against a figure that would have been normal had it not stood over seven feet tall with a hump reaching another foot above its head."

___. Wasteworld 2: Resurrection. London: Granada, 1983.
Having defeated a black racist cult, the hero now battles a white racist dictatorship led by his former father-in-law. He also encounters giant tarantulas, gila monsters, and bizarre mutants called "Nightmen" who dwell in bomb craters and worship radioactivity. He organizes a Nightmen army to destroy the dictatorship.

___. Wasteworld 3: Angels. London: Granada, 1984.
Besides destroying a band of Nightmen, his former allies, the hero must deal with the bizarre Church of Christ Without Christ, a motorcycle gang (hence the book's title), and mutants and giant rabid bats in the Carlsbad Caverns as he seeks for gasoline to continue his quest. At the end of the novel he is joined by an Apache woman who promises to become an interesting companion.

___. Wasteworld 4: My Way. London: Granada, 1984.

Basile, Gloria Vitanza (pseud. of Michaela Morgan). Eye of the Eagle: Global 2000. New York: Pinnacle, 1983.
This absurd thriller details an enormous conspiracy which culminates in the obliteration of the Middle East through nuclear bombing. Practically no attention is paid to the consequences of the bombing, and those consequences mentioned are absurd: the Persian Gulf is evaporated into desert and half of Africa is destroyed. The narrative is unusual in that the holocaust is presented first, in a prologue, followed by the intrigue which leads up to it. Reads like a parody of the typical macho thriller, peppered with violence, obscenities, and ersatz French and German. This is the first in a series of thrillers by Basile with the overall title Global 2000. The second volume, The Jackal Helix (1984), is a "prequel" detailing the background of the conspiracy of the first, and has no relevance to nuclear war.

___. The Sting of the Scorpion, Global 2000, Book III. New York: Pinnacle, 1984.
This concluding volume of the trilogy begins during World War 11. An ominous supercomputer named "Colossus" (like that of D. E Jones) is mentioned in passing but never dealt with. The last part of the novel is set shortly after the limited nuclear war of Eye of the Eagle, and deals with the crushing of a world-spanning conspiracy. Very little more is said about nuclear war.

Bear, Greg. Eon. New York: Bluejay, 1985. New York: Tor, 1986. London: Legend, 1987.
In 1993 a limited nuclear war called the "Little Death" involving strategic defense space weaponry leads to an all our-war with four million casualties. "The Death" proper ensues, killing two and a half billion of Earth's inhabitants and bringing in its wake the Long Winter. A cult called the retreatists arises which reveres Ralph Nader and opposes high technology. On the eve of the Death, an international expedition is sent to explore a mysterious asteroid, which turns out to come from the future, bearing a warning of the holocaust about to occur. Efforts to avert the impending catastrophe fail because of international distrust in particular the stubborn dogmatism of the Russians. However, the asteroid also turns out to be a gateway linking the solar system to a vast intergalactic network, and also providing access to alternate worlds. Although the destruction of our Earth cannot be prevented, various characters are able to escape to alternate worlds at the end of the novel. A spectacular high-tech space adventure reminiscent of Rendezvous with Rama, but with more memorable characters, including its intelligent and capable female protagonist. Sequel: Eternity.

___. Eternity. New York: Warner, 1988. New York: Science Fiction Book Club, 1989. London: Gollancz, 1989. Sequel to Eon.
This novel's complex plot involves the threat of the destruction of the entire universe, a disaster which dwarfs the nuclear holocaust which has blighted but not entirely destroyed Earth. The holocaust is almost skipped over; and in the end powerful aliens undo it, so that all is as if it had never occurred.

___. The Forge of God. New York: Tor, 1987.
Alien robotic invaders destroy the Earth, partly by using thousands of thermonuclear bombs to split the planet's crust. Nuclear weapons used by humans against the invaders have little effect.

BeauSeigneur, James. Birth of an Age (The Christ Clone Trilogy, Book Two). New York: Warner Books, 2003.
This second volume of a Christian apocalyptic fantasy trilogy begins by repeating the account of the Indian-Pakistani one-day nuclear war depicted at the end of the first volume.

___. In His Image (The Christ Clone Trilogy, Book One). New York: Warner Books, 2003.
At the end of the first volume of this Christian apocalyptic fantasy series, an attempt by Russia to launch an all-out strike against Israel and most of the rest of the Middle East is miraculously foiled—the missiles detonate over Russia instead. The explosions are vividly described. “The death toll in the first fifteen seconds alone was over thirty million” (p. 214). In the book’s last chapter, Pakistan launches a nuclear strike against New Delhi, which retailiates by essentially obliterating Pakistan. Over 420 million die.

Becker, Stephen. "The New Encyclopaedist" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, May 1964). In Judith Merril, ed. I0th Annual Edition: The Year's Best S-F. New York: Delacorte, 1965. New York: Dell, 1966. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966. London: Mayflower 1967.
A sketch in the form of three biographical entries. The first--and the only one to deal with nuclear war--tells of how a group of protesters called "the Irreconcilables" refused to enter fallout shelters during the First Great Alert of 1973, and enjoyed life aboveground while the war scare passed. During the Second Great Alert of 1977, the rest of the population refused to go below, but the Irreconcilables did so and led a life of luxury underground while the world above was devastated. "From these groups sprang our present highly literate, healthy and peaceable world population of 12,000,000, including only three psychiatrists and no soldiers." A wave of puritanism is ended by the Great Holocaust "during a Senate debate on the appropriation for anti-missile missiles."

Bell, Neal. Gone to Be Snakes Now. New York: Popular Library, 1974.
In a degraded postholocaust community, a rebellious young boy flees the tyranny of his elders and the cruelty of a mutant monster to seek out the mysterious Technologists who drop supplies from time to time. He encounters the mad Dr. Strontium and his half-snake assistant and learns a good deal about nuclear war and the effects of fallout. He fails in his quest for the Technologists, finding only a pitiful handful of elderly refugees instead. Cancer is depicted as commonplace and dealt with at length.

Bellany, fan. "Doomsday." See under Bidwell, Shelford, et al.

Belove, B[enjamin]. The Split Atom: Last Human Pair on Earth: The Whirling of Ideas. Los Angeles: Ackerman, 1946.
A vast, dreary philosophical allegory in the form of a tour of history and the universe given a newly born godlet by his ambisexual parent (referred to throughout as "Momsy-Popsy"). The author, a specialist in rejuvenation through gland therapy, expresses his ideas on all manner of subjects. Nazis are depicted as literal demons, allied with Communists. Heaven is scientific. Fission is a love affair between particles. The author is against abortion and for the right of doctors to advertise and practice unconventional medicine in hospitals. (He spends one long chapter railing against the medical establishment.) The book ends with a sketch of Earth history which diagnoses war as caused by hereditary insanity. After the atomic bomb is used in World War II, the human race fails to abandon the idea of national sovereignty--which might have saved it. Dictatorships launch an attack using, among other weapons, syphilis. Scientists, having split the atom, go on to split atomic particles, producing a superbomb which blasts the Earth into fragments. On one of these fragments survives the last human pair: a doctor and his wife Eva who have fortuitously swallowed pills rendering them immune to the new weapon. They hope to found a new, peaceful civilization.

Benford, Gregory. Across the Sea of Suns. New York: Timescape, 1984.
When alien sea monsters appear on Earth, an expedition travels to nearby stars to discover their source. The explorers discover that world after world has been destroyed in a similar fashion: machines built to fight ancient wars have formed their own civilization and work to suppress organic civilized life wherever it arises. The narrative suggests that most races end their lives through nuclear war. This seems, in fact, to be the destiny of humanity, for at the novel's end 90 percent of Earth has been destroyed in a nuclear exchange triggered by the alien machines. A pessimistic view of intelligent life as inevitably suicidal. One of the best hard science fiction novels of recent years.

Benford, Gregory. Great Sky River. New York: Bantam, 1987. London: Gollancz, 1988.


___. Tides of Light. New York: Bantam, 1989. London: Gollancz, 1989. Sequel to Great Sky River. No direct references to nuclear war.

___. "To the Storming Gulf" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, April 1985). In Janet Morris, ed. Afterwar. New York: Baen, 1985.
The story is told in the voices of various survivors, including members of a group which shelters in an idle nuclear reactor when the nuclear war is begun by the deranged leader of a small nation, causing each superpower to believe it has been struck first by the other, using missiles smuggled near the shore in fishing boats. The U.S. orbital defenses are 90% effective in destroying the Russian first strike, but enough missiles get through so that EMP destroys electrical devices, and a two-month-long nuclear autumn ensues. The Russians avoided exceeding the limit which would trigger a full-scale nuclear winter by making extensive use of biological weapons. The space colonies survive to rule the Earth and ban further wars. Gary K. Wolfe pointed out this story's indebtedness to William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and Benford defended his use of Faulkner in a pair of articles for Fantasy Review (common title: "To Borrow or Not to Borrow?" Benford & Faulkner, no. 78, April 1985, pp. 9-10, 12). A response to both was written by Harry Harrison (Benford, Wolfe, Silverberg . . . & Literature, no. 81, July 1985, p. 33).

Bennett, Margot. The Long Way Back. London: Bodley Head, 1954. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1956. New York: Coward-McCann, 1954. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1956.
Heavily ironic but thoughtful tale in which a reindustrialized Africa which has forgotten the nuclear wars which ended the previous civilization has reinvented the bomb. An expedition is sent to barbarian Britain to prepare the way for colonization and exploitation of its coal mines. After dangerous encounters with wild dogs, various mutated monsters, and savage whites, the expedition becomes involved in a quest for a fabled city of gold which turns out to have been destroyed in the ancient war. The date on the last roofed building is 1984. Contains the love story of the courageous hero with the domineering female expedition leader. He shows her her need to be protected. [More & More]

Benni, Stefano. Terra! Originally Milan: Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, date?. Trans. from the Italian by Annapaola Cancogni. New York: Pantheon, 1985.
A mouse in a missile silo accidentally sets off an attack on the Soviet Union which causes World War III, followed by three more. For more than a century the world is wrapped in nuclear winter. The bulk of the novel is a series of brief comic sketches, loosely held together by the story of an expedition to another planet which it is hoped might replace the frozen Earth. At one point the Japanese use a plutonium mini-bomb designed to produce precisely as many casualties as the Hiroshima bomb. In a parody of Erich von Däniken's Chariots of the Gods, the space explorers travel back in time to become the founders of the Inca civilization.

Benoist, Elizabeth S. Doomsday Clock. San Antonio: Naylor, 1975.
When the warning comes of a Russian sneak attack, several fashionable couples, their servants, and four poor children take refuge in an elaborate supershelter designed as a Roman villa six hundred feet underground. The characters deliberately avoid discussing the plight of the world over their heads. Most of the novel, in the form of a journal kept by one of the women, details the various love affairs in which they engage. In conscious imitation of Chaucer's pilgrims, they take turns telling stories. Most of the book resembles a subterranean soap opera, with scant attention to the effects of the war above. Near the work's conclusion tensions mount, there are suicides and murders, and one woman goes mad and strips off her radiation suit to run free in the blackened countryside. In the end, after more than a year underground, they seem doomed to perish there, and the narrator doubts whether there is a future for the human race. If there will be, she exhorts coming generations--in the final words of the book--to "LOVE ONE ANOTHER." The title is taken from the clock printed annually on the cover of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists which indicates the likelihood of nuclear war by the number of minutes left until midnight.

Berk, Howard. The Sun Grows Cold. New York: Delacorte, 1971. New York: Dell, 1972. London: Gollancz, 1971.
A well-written thriller in which a rebellious man suffering from amnesia is restored to sanity, only to discover that a nuclear war has destroyed most of humanity and driven insane much of the remainder. Small, uncontaminated Pioneer Zones are being settled by the benevolent scientific dictatorship which rules from underground shelters, linked by safe corridors along which bandit Ghouls prey on wandering Gypsies. Accompanied by his faithful lover (who, unbeknownst to him, was his wife in his previous existence), he has various adventures, discovering at last that the amnesia with which he and so many others are afflicted was art)ficially induced and that he was a leader of the nation. Unable to face this horror, he requests a second treatment and is restored to being a mindless, contented conformist.

Berman, Mitch. Time Capsule. New York: Putnam, 1987. New York: Ballantine, 1987. Part originally in The Agni Review.
A young jazz musician and a black engineer cross America after a nuclear war kills off almost everyone else, living at first on roaches and roasted rats. They encounter a dictatorial slave society set up by remnants of the U.S. Army, a vicious gang of crim inals led by the engineer's brother (which the engineer obliterates using a leftover nuclear missile), and an idealistic group of survivors hand-towing a truckload of supplies across the continent. Interwoven in the text is a good deal of information about various time capsules.

Bermel, Albert. "The End of the Race" (Galaxy, April 1964). In Frederik Pohl, ed. The Eighth Galaxy Reader. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965.
A satire on Herman Kahn's theories of limited war in which, dissatisfied with inconclusive testing programs, the Russians and Americans decide to bomb one each of the other's cities, but they can't agree which cities should be obliterated. They resolve the dispute by bombing their own; the U.S. destroys New York, and the Soviet Union destroys Moscow. See Herbert Gold, "The Day They Got Boston."

Berry, Bryan. Born in Captivity. London: Hamilton, 1952. London: Panther, n.d.
The Third War to End All World Wars ( 1960) provides the backdrop for this typical tale of struggle against an Orwellian dictatorship in 2018. The high proportion of defective offspring after the war leads to the imposition of a strict, class-based form of birth control. A psychiatrist assigned to track down deviants seeks instead to preserve creativity and individualism, rebels and joins the underground just as a devastating nuclear war breaks out between the Eastern and Western Federations, which control the world between them. The underground creates a superior strain of the human race free from warlike instincts using technology developed to provide android pet substitutes for childless couples (this aspect of the book is strikingly similar to the theme of Philip K. Dick's Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep). The rebels go literally underground in their base on the Isle of Man, to wait out the holocaust. They emerge to inherit the Earth with their peaceloving children when the old human race has destroyed itself. There are some striking images of the war damage, such as a moving sidewalk carrying its freight of newly dead passengers ever onward. The battle features atomic cannon and shells. The protagonist and his wife do not kill his supervisor, as Tuck states; he dies accidentally, but under circumstances which lead them to be accused of murder.

Bester, Alfred. "Disappearing Act." In Frederik Pohl, ed. Star Science Fiction Stories No. 2. New York: Ballantine, 1953. Also in Alfred Bester. Starburst. New York: Signet, 1958. Also in The Light Fantastic. New York: Berkley, 1976. Also in Frederik Pohl, ed. Star of Stars. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1960. New York: Ballantine, 1964. Rpt. as Star Fourteen. London: Whiting and Wheaton, 1966. London: Pan, 1968. Also in Tom Boardman, Jr., ed. Connoisseur's SF. Baltimore: Penguin, 1964. Also in Roger Mansfield, ed. The Starlit Corridor. New York: Pergamon, 1967. Also in Robert Silverberg, ed. Other Dimensions. New York: Hawthorn, 1973. Also in Martin H. Greenberg and Patricia S. Warrick, eds. Political Science Fiction. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1974. Also in Barry N. Malzberg, ed. The End of Summer. New York: Ace, 1979.
A humorous tale in which time travel into imaginary pasts develops as a form of battle fatigue during The War for the American Dream, which involves, among other actions, the plastering of both the U.S. and Russia with H-bombs. Most of the story takes place in an underground military hospital.

__. The Stars My Destination (originally "Tiger! Tiger!" Galaxy, October, November, December, 1956 & January, 1957). New York: Signet, 1956. New York: Berkley, 1976. London: Panther, 1959. As Tiger! Tiger! London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1956. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967. Also in Anthony Boucher, ed. A Treasury of Great Science Fiction. Vol. 2. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1959.
This classic science fiction novel of the quest of Gully Foyle for revenge against the spaceship which ignored his call for distress is punctuated by a nuclear attack on Earth and Mars by the outer satellites. When the bombs hit New York the city is instantly emptied as its population teleports ("jauntes") to escape. The only witnesses are a young woman, blind to all save the infrared, who loves the spectacle, and Foyle, who loves her. A similar attack on Mars results in its satellite Phobos being turned into a small sun. The novel also features PyrE, the ultimate weapon and source of the Big Bang which began the universe. One character is a healthy but intensely radioactive man who kills plants by merely touching them and must kiss a woman through three inches of lead plate glass.

___. "They Don't Make Life Like They Used To" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, October, 1963). In The Dark Side of Earth. New York: Signet, 1964. Also in Judith Merril, ed. 9th Annual Edition: The Year's Best S-F. New York: Dell 1964. New York: Delacorte, 1966. Also in Avram Davidson, ed. The Best from Fantasy and Science Fiction, 13th Series. Garden City, N.Y. Doubleday, 1964. New York: Ace, 1967. London: Gollancz, 1966. London: Panther, 1968.
An attempt at a humorous treatment of the last man and woman theme. Both characters seem to be slightly insane. For some mysterious reason, the man is not at all interested in the attractive young woman who keeps throwing herself at him, but instead wants to continue on his quest for someone who can operate a broadcast studio so that he can watch television. At one point he becomes angry with her and says, "I wouldn't stay with you if you was the last person on Earth." Heavily imbued with traditional sex-role stereotypes, to an absurd extent, but the story doesn't seem to satirize them. In the end, the fear that the Earth has been invaded by giant mantises (probably the result of a hallucination, although this is far from clear) stimulates their passions and they make love. Much stress on casual nudity throughout. If this is a satire, its point is unclear. [More]

Betsuyaku Minoru. "The Elephant." Trans. David G. Goodman. In David G. Goodman, ed. After Apocalypse: Four Japanese Plays of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1986.
An absurdist drama featuring a hibakusha who makes a career out of exhibiting his scars, caused by the Hiroshima bomb. His nephew, trying to prevent him from making a further exhibition of himself, kills him. The nephew and the man's nurse are also hibakusha.

Bidwell, Shelford, et al. World War 3: A Military Projection Founded on Today's Facts. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1978.
Part 2, entitled "Into the Abyss," is a projection of a fictional war in Europe strikingly similar in style to Hackett's The Third World War: The Untold Story (published the same year), but much more pessimistic. Chapters are contributed by various military experts analyzing various aspects of the war, and the text is illustrated with photographs, like Hackett's.
     Chapter 11: "The Last Months of Peace," by Shelford Bidwell. The United States reduces its arms, and West Germany, feeling isolated and weak, begins a project to build its own neutron bomb, but is forced to stop by international pressures. The Russians seek to thwart the German move by invading. The reluctant French and British fail to intervene.
     Chapter 12: "The Land War," by Shelford Bidwell. When NATO is overwhelmed by the Soviet army, America intervenes; however, the British are the first to use a tactical nuclear weapon on the third day of the war.
     Chapter 13: "The Air War," by Bill Gunston. Devastating conventional bombing yields to nuclear missiles.
     Chapter 14: "The Sea War," by E. F. Gueritz and Richard Humble. An initial phase of conventional sea warfare featuring aircraft carriers is quickly superseded as nuclear weapons come into play. Only the submarines are still relevant.
     Chapter 15: "Doomsday," by lan Bellany. The narrative switches to the nonfictional mode, assessing the probabilities of various sorts of nuclear war in Europe. Stresses that limiting a nuclear war is very difficult, but strikingly downplays the effects of nuclear weapons.

Biemiller, Carl L. The Hydronaut Adventures. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1981. Originally published separately by Doubleday as The Hydronauts (1970), Follow the Whales: The Hydronauts Meet the Otter People (1973), and Escape from the Crater: More Adventures of the Hydronauts (1974). A brief introduction added to the 1981 edition is titled "The Reunion." Biemiller Web site.
A series of juvenile novels with a common cast of characters and setting. Centuries after a war has melted the polar caps and drowned much of the continents, a rigid but not monstrous dictatorship exploits the sea for the resources needed to maintain the population living on the tiny inhabitable areas of the land, mostly rendered sterile by the war. A feisty group of youngsters, including a black with a regenerated white arm, crews a submarine, discovering seagoing humanoids created by scientists who survived the war in undersea "hives." Concentrations of radioactive waste in runoff still pose problems in the sea ranches where sharks and whales are raised for meat. In The Hydronauts, they battle giant squid and explore sunken Hawaii, encountering a doomed race of "Sea Babies." The former Gulf of California has been converted into Jewel Bay: "The name came from the areas of fused earth which rimmed the shoreline of the vast estuary These ceramic 'beaches,' hard fired by fusion blasts, sparkled like jewels of many colors."
     In Follow the Whales, the youngsters search for and find an earlier version of humanity adapted to aquatic life: the Otter People. These live in a volcanic island base reminiscent of Captain Nemo's mysterious island. The Hydronauts' superiors are determined to wipe out other forms of intelligent life they see as competitive, but the youngsters are inclined to sympathize with the peaceful sea race which has captured them.
     In Escape from the Crater, a "Crio" (a person cryogenically preserved by freezing at death) from 1999 is revived and provides them with essential knowledge to bring about a reconciliation between the otter people and normal humanity. He also tells them of a savage war of consumers against conservationists which caused such devastation to civilization that humanity was forced to adopt ecologically sound measures involuntarily. He helps them rediscover Alaska, which provides plenty of uncontaminated land and resources for the land population. The conclusion hints at yet another sequel still unwritten at the time of the author's death.

Billias, Stephen. The American Book of the Dead. New York: Popular Library, 1987.
A bizarre kaleidoscopic adventure story centered on the theme of a ordinary man seeking wisdom and safety as World War II breaks out. The protagonist, haunted by the fear of nuclear war, connects with numerous strange beings in his quest, including busi nessmen seeking refuge in space, an alien from a distant planet , Tarzan's pet chimp, Cheetah, the Monkey-King of Buddhist legend, a Jewish Nazi-hunter loosely based on Simon Wiesenthal, among others. The novel is too complex to summarize, but is filled with interesting ideas: depicting the feelings of a Soviet missile as it heads toward San Francisco, for instance, rescuing the whales and transporting them to another planet (as in Somtow Sucharitkul's Starship and Hiaku ), the protagonist seeking his beloved in Hell, like Orpheus, and many other fantastic scenes. The novel is not frivolous, however, and contains many thoughtful bits of commentary on the arms race and nuclear war. Through it all runs a strongly zen buddhist theme, which culminates as the protagonist elects to stay behind to care for others on the dying Earth, becoming a Bodhisattva, then achieving at last the oneness wi th the all which he has sought throughout his tumultuous life.

Binder, Otto. See Giles, Gordon A.

Bischoff, David. See Monteleone, Thomas F.

Blackden, P. Adam and Eve 2020 A.D. Everest, 1974.
Unavailable for review. See I. F. Clarke, Tale of the Future.

Blair, Adrian. Cosmic Conquest. London: Curtis Warren, 1953.
An absurd, old-fashioned novel featuring a battle between good and bad "mutrons" whose main advantage over humanity is the ability to dispense with sleep. A third of America has been fused into a desert of glass by chain reactions which resulted from a nuclear war of unknown origins. The villains plot to destroy humanity by dosing the drinking waters with uranium salts and planting neutron beam emitters in radios. This would render the victims living cyclotrons, but the plot is thwarted by a good mutron. Reminiscent of Henry Kuttner's Mutant.

Blair, Eric. See Orwell, George.

Blish, James. After Such Knowledge. Overall title of a series of tales including Doctor Mirabilis, A Case of Conscience, Black Easter, and The Day After Judgment. The latter two volumes are halves of a single narrative depicting a nuclear war and are dealt with separately below.
&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;Black Easter; or, Faust Aleph-Null (originally "Faust Aleph-Null," If, August 1967). Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1968. Sequel: The Day After Judgment. The mysterious Consolidated Warfare Service corporation hires magician Theron Ware to loose simultaneously all of the major demons of hell. (The magician's name is borrowed from the 1896 novel by Harold Frederick entitled The Damnation of Theron Ware.) Faced with this proposition, Ware asks his employer why the Russian-Chinese nuclear war the corporation has been promoting would not be an adequate evil; and indeed, the demons, once loosed, can think of nothing more devastating than to launch such a war on their own. China attacks Taiwan with a nuclear bomb which leads to a worldwide exchange and an atomic Armageddon quite unlike that predicted in the Bible. The Devil wins and proclaims that God is dead. The novel offers a promising if obvious metaphor for the apocalyptic aspects of nuclear war. But, for all of its grand imagery, the work is clearly more concerned with magic than with war. See Brian Stableford, A Clash of Symbols: The Triumph of James Blish (San Bernardino, Calif: Borgo Press, 1979). In Magill, 1: 233-37.
&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;The Day After Judgment. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971. York: Avon, 1982. Sequel to Black Easter.
A detailed account of the devastation wrought by the demons loosed in Black Easter, including the familiar burned-in shadows. President Kennedy's bravado in Berlin is satirized as President Agnew proclaims, "I am a Formosan." One member of the defense establishment argues that atomic war restores the natural evolutionary processes stopped by human civilization, and outrageously cites Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in this context. The northwestern part of the U. S. becomes a raging radioactive firestorm which will render the land uninhabitable for fifteen years. A computer reports that the country has been invaded by a huge object in Death Valley which proves to be none other than the city of Dis from Dante's Inferno, for Earth has now become Hell, and the proper abode of demons. There is talk of a doomsday machine called Old Mombi (after the witch who enchanted the Princess Ozma in L. Frank Baum's The Land of Oz), designed to make even the moon uninhabitable. The creation of the Antichrist occurs when a demon is elected pope. A furious assault with both conventional and exotic weapons results in a complete defeat for the army. Dis is then transformed into a mechanized anti-utopia populated by identical, perfect men and women. Finally, the American leaders confront Satan himself, looking very much as Dante described him, but wearing a halo since he has replaced God. The novel ends with a Miltonesque speech in verse by Satan, proclaiming that once the demons were loosed on Earth they discovered that the human race was far worse than they, and the demons have thus been forced to replace God. He concludes by pleading for humanity to become God instead. The symbolism is striking: we are challenged to master our own destructive powers and warned that we cannot rely on supernatural forces to deliver us from them. However, most of the novel does not adequately support this concluding note of hope. The tone varies inconsistently from farcical fantasy to awful warning. See Stableford, as in preceding listing. In Magill, 1: 497-501. [24]
&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;"First Strike" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, June 1953). In So Close to Home. New York: Ballantine, 1961. An interesting criticism of the fallout shelter fad and the notion of a postbomb barbarian culture. Describes a science fiction writer who sounds like the Ray Bradbury of The Martian Chronicles. Not actually a nuclear war story.
&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;"The Oath" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, October 1960). In So Close to Home. New York: Ballantine, 1961. Also in Best Science Fiction Stories of James Blish. London: Faber, 1965. Also in The Best of James Blish. New York: Ballantine, 1979. Also in Lee Harding, ed. Beyond Tomorrow. London: New English Library, 1977.
Explores several moral issues connected with the survival of nuclear war. Before the war, cynical corporations offered businesses bombproof storage for their records. Afterwards, when it was obvious that the records were useless, the businesses having ceased to exist, the corporations moved into the shelters themselves and set up a profit-oriented government called "The Vaults." Doctors are urgently needed but in short supply because the population had attacked them for not being able to heal radiation disease. An emissary from The Vaults tries to recruit a poet turned doctor who, never having taken the Hippocratic Oath (hence the title), practices selective medicine to weed out what he considers to be defective traits from the small population of humans left alive. In the end he surrenders and joins the government. The Vaults continue to use atomic energy and practice atomic medicine. The story reflects concerns about strontium 90 poisoning milk--a major issue in protests against bomb tests at the time it was written.
&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;&nbnsp;"One Shot" (Astounding, August 1953). In So Close to Home. New York: Ballantine, 1961. An intelligence agency uses a man with ESP-style intuition to detect a smuggled atom bomb.

___. So Close to Home. New York: Ballantine, 1961.
Most of this collection of short stories deals directly or indirectly with nuclear war. See individual story titles.

___. "Struggle in the Womb" (Future Science Fiction, May 1950). In So Close to Home. New York: Ballantine, 1961. Also as "Battle of the Unborn." In Groff Conklin, ed. Science-Fiction Adventures in Mutation. New York: Vanguard, 1955. New York: Berkley, 1965.
Mutant races evolved in radioactive Nagasaki menace Homo sapiens in this thoroughly frivolous suspense tale with a snapper ending. [More]

___. "To Pay the Piper" (If, February 1956). In Galactic Cluster. New York: Signet, 1959. London: Faber, 1960. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1961. London: Fantasy Press, 1963. Bound with The Seedling Stars. New York: Signet, 1983.
Twenty-five years after the nuclear and bacteriological warfare called "the Death of the Cities," people are still living underground. They are going mad with the need to escape to the surface, which is relatively free of radiation but still seriously contaminated with biological weapons. An enemy agent wangles his way into the apparatus designed to "re-educate" people's bodies to deal with the infections, but miscalculates and is doomed to fail in his sabotage attempt and die.

___. "Tomb Tapper" (Astounding, July 1956). In Galactic Cluster. New York: Signet, 1959. London: Faber, 1960. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1961. London: Fantasy Press, 1963. Bound with The Seedling Stars. New York: Signet, 1983. Also in Best Science Fiction Stories of James Blish. London: Faber, 1965.
A technique has been developed to read the minds of newly killed victims of enemy plane crashes. During a Russian attack by one-way kamikaze manned rockets, the thoughts broadcast from the wrecked interior of the craft at first suggest an alien mind; it turns out to belong to an eight-year-old girl the USSR has used to pilot the rocket fighter.

Blish, James and Robert W. Lowndes. The Duplicated Man (Dynamic Science Fiction, August 1953). New York: Avalon, 1959. New York: Airmont, 1964.
After the arctic icecap is bombed in 1971, much of the world is flooded and a world government is inaugurated. Rebels on Venus are at war with Earth, but a barrier surrounding that planet supposedly prevents nuclear weapons from being used by either side. Earth forces plot to use a machine which duplicates human beings in a complex plan to destroy the government of Venus. The whole thing turns out to have been an elaborate pacifist hoax: there was never any antinuclear barrier and tbe war was faked to create unity and peace on Earth in the face of a fictional threat.

Bloch, Robert. "Daybroke" (Star Science Fiction, January 1958). In Blood Runs Cold. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1961. New York: Popular Library, 1963. London: Corgi, 1964. Also in Lester del Rey, ed. The Rest of Robert Bloch. New York: Ballantine, 1977. Also in Frederik Pohl, ed. Star of Stars. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1960. New York: Ballantine, 1964. Rpt. as Star Fourteen. London: Whiting & Wheaton, 1966. London: Pan, 1968. Also in Frederik Pohl, ed. The Science Fiction Roll of Honor: An Anthology of Fiction and Nonfiction by Guests of Honor at World Science Fiction Conventions. New York: Random House, 1975.
A news broadcaster emerges from his shelter after the war and makes his way through appalling devastation, including scenes of wild looting and an artist smeared across his own canvas. He encounters many macabre tableaux which are the result of a gas which paralyzed and killed people in midgesture, as in Alfred Noyes's The Last Man (1940). He makes his way to a surviving federal building and sees a map indicating that most major American cities have been destroyed. "To think of our being beaten," he te]ls the general in charge. " 'What do you mean, man?' the general said proudly, the flames rising. 'We won!' "

___. "The Head." In Terry Carr, ed. The Ides of Tomorrow: Original Science Fiction Tales of Horror. Boston: Little, Brown, 1976. Also in Bloch, ed. Such Stuff as Screams Are Made Of. New York: Ballantine, 1979.
A brute named Jon living in a savage cannibalistic underground world long after the holocaust becomes acquainted with the severed head of a man from the past, artificially maintained to pass on human civilization. It preaches ethical and religious truths without much effect, then tries the Twenty-third Psalm. " 'That's shit, man,' Jon said. And turned him off."

___. "The Past Master" (Blue Book, January 1955). In Lester del Rey, ed. The Best of Robert Bloch. New York: Ballantine, 1977.
A man from the thirtieth century appears to collect the world's art treasures and is forced to admit he's doing so because they are about to be destroyed in a nuclear war. However, the rising of his vessel from the water turns out to be the trigger that starts the war.

Block, Thomas H. Airship Nine. New York: Putnam's, 1984.
Russians battle Americans in Antarctica in the wake of a cataclysmic nuclear war. The survivors expect to weather the coming nuclear winter at the atomic-powered U.S. South Pole station and to repopulate the Earth. Polar winds will keep the area free of radioactivity. Basically an adventure story involving a huge blimp and Antarctic scientists. The war was begun by the malfunctioning of an American military satellite which fired fortyeight missiles at the USSR, prompting automated retaliation.

Blumenfeld, Yorick. Jenny. Arundel: Centaur Press, 1981. Boston: Little, Brown, 1982.
Brief narrative printed as a hand-written diary written by a young woman who enters a super-fallout shelter at the urging of her husband and is stranded there when he dies. Jenny suggests the key problem authors face in creating characters who survive in comfort while the rest of the world is being destroyed, that those who have bought the privilege of survival with their wealth can seem distinctly unsympathetic. lenny is exempted from our judgment on several grounds: she had to be practically forced to go to the shelter; the arrangements were made by her husband from whom she is thoroughly alienated (she is given a lover for no other obvious reason than to establish this fact); she hates the whole idea of surviving at the expense of others and broods about it a good deal; and once in the shelter she finds most of her companions distasteful and has a fairly miserable time. The story hints at ecocide, although the ending, as the heroine emerges from the shelter, is ambiguous and not entirely hopeless. The style is charmless, all too realistically reflecting its heroine's lack of skill. Depicts women as resisting technology, men as domineering and destructive. Odd emphasis on sexuality.

Bock, Dennis. The Ash Garden. N.Y.: Knopf, 2001.
A sensitive, thoughtful novel about the relationship between a "Hiroshima maiden" (young woman victim of the bombing brought to the U.S. for cosmetic surgery) and a scientist who helped develop the bomb after leaving Germany, where he had worked on a similar project for the Nazis. He insists he is unrepentent, that his work saved lives; but he is obsessed with collecting and viewing film footage of the victims, and confesses at the end of the novel that he was responsible for putting the woman on the list of victims to be treated.

Bolland, Brian. The Cursed Earth. See Mills, Pat.

Bolland, Brian & Mike W. Barr. See Barr.

Booth, Martin. Hiroshima Joe. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1985. New York: Penguin, 1987.
An excellent novel about a soldier captured in Hong Kong by the Japanese during World War II, who endured horrors in a prison camp near Hiroshima, witnessed the dropping of the atomic bomb, and suffered exposure to the fallout. He leads a degerate existence in Hong Kong after the war, dying at last of a long-delayed case of radiation disease. The story is told in alternate chapters set in 1952 the novel's present, and World War II. Compare Ballard: Empire of the Sun.

Borden, William. Superstoe. London: Gollancz, 1967. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.
A satire in which a group of eccentric but ruthless intellectuals take over the U.S. government and impose their will on the world by force, creating a utopia of sorts. They make use of nuclear weapons and germ warfare. The Communist Chinese military bombs both Taipei and Seoul and is obliterated in its turn by American atomic bombs. The Russians are kept from retaliating by simple bribery Disarmament is finally imposed on the world by a strengthened United Nations.

Borodin, George [pseud. of George Alexis Bankoffl. Spurious Sun. London: Werner Laurie, 1948 As The Threatened People. Regular Publications, n.d.
In Scotland a new type of device which strikingly anticipates the H-bomb accidentally ignites the upper layer of the atmosphere and dooms the Earth. In response the world suffers an explosion of insane wars, including a nuclear attack on Canada by the U.S. The ensuing panic prompts mass suicides, death cults, sadism, torture, and plagues caused by mutated bacteria. An international scientific commission narrowly defeats a proposal to commit global suicide with more bombs. Much of the book deals with the absurd anti-Communist paranoia of the U.S. which leads it to blame the Soviet Union, although the USSR comes in for plenty of criticism as well. Leningrad and San Francisco are bombed into oblivion and the Russians use irradiated bacteria. This bellicose hysteria is abruptly reversed when a pacifist movement, begun by children, sweeps the world, and creates a new age of sharing, mutual understanding, and peace--a true millenium. When scientists discover a way to prevent the threatened end of life on Earth, people begin to backslide; but children once more save the world when they invade the U.N. Security Council and demand peace. The hard-won utopia will be preserved.
     Despite its wildly improbable plot, this novel contains many sophisticated, acute observations about world politics and religions and displays an unusually thorough grasp of the nature of nuclear war. Borodin describes the changed attitude toward war that such weapons must bring: "If war came it would not be suffering for all and death for many; this time it would mean annihilation for most. Everyone accepted, as a matter of course, that immediate use would be made of atomic bombs; and no country in the world was more calculated to be devastated by those than Great Britain. A dozen bombs, it might be, could lay the whole country waste. It was an appalling thought. In the face of it even the conviction, based on centuries of repeated experience, that somehow or other the country would pull through, grew faint until it disappeared." Borodin argues that war has become irrational in the nuclear age, since there can be no spoils for the victor, only destruction. Atomic power is seen as the fuel of utopia, and other fantastic atomic technologies hold great promise for the future. Mutated giant fleas arise, but for once we also see an animal shrunk: miniature mice. The scientist who solves the problem posed by the nuclear catastrophe was one of those who worked on the original bomb. In the end most men are sterile; only blacks and red-headed, blue-eyed, black-bearded men are fertile, producing comic scenes reminiscent of Pat Frank's Mr. Adam.

Boucher, Anthony. "Balaam." In Raymond J. Healy, ed. 9 Tales of Space and Time. New York: Holt, 1954. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1955. Also in Boucher, ed. Far and Away. New York: Ballantine, 1955. Also in Edmund Crispin, ed. Best SF, Four. London: Faber, 1961. Also in Hans S. Santesson, ed. Gods for Tomorrow. New York: Award, 1967. Also in Mayo Mohs, ed. Other Worlds, Other Gods: Adventures in Religious Science Fiction. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971. Also in Reginald Bretnor, ed. Future at War, Vol. 2: The Spear of Mars. New York: Ace, 1980.
A war story set on Mars follows the plot line of the biblical tale of Balaam and his ass. Atomic cannons shoot nuclear warheads.

___. "The Quest for Saint Aquin." In Raymond J. Healy, ed. New Tales of Space and Time. New York: Holt, 1951. Also in Fantasy and Science Fiction, January 1959. Also in Robert Silverberg, ed. Science Fiction Hall of Fame. Vol. 1. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1970. Also in Mayo Mohs, ed. Other Worlds, Other Gods: Adventures in Religious Science Fiction. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971. Also in Edward L. Ferrnan, ed. The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction: A Thirty Year Retrospective. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1980. Also in Kingsley Amis, ed. The Golden Age of Science Fiction. London: Hutchinson, 1981.
In this tale of the search for a fabled saint who turns out to be a robot, the setting resembles that of William M. Miller, Jr.'s Canticle for Leibowitz: a postholocaust world in which the Catholic church plays an important--though underground--role. The nuclear war in the story's past exists mainly to create a credible setting for its dark age religious theme. As with Miller's work, it can be read as a satire on religion, but it is ambiguous in its ultimate effect.

Bova, Ben. Nuclear Autumn. In Far Frontiers 2 (Spring 1985). New York: Baen, 1985.
The Russians lauch a strike at a level deliberately calculated to be just below that required to precipitate a nuclear witer, confident that the West will not dare to retaliate.

___. Test of Fire. (Portions published as When the Sky Burned. New York: Walker, 1973. New York: Popular Library, 1974). New York: Tor, 1982.
When a gigantic solar flare incinerates the Eastern Hemisphere, the Russians assume they have been attacked and launch their missiles at the U.S. Relatively little is said about the effects of the bombing. Rioting, looting, and rape are widespread. Most of the novel concerns the efforts of a handful of survivors on the moon to acquire radioactive fuel from the ruined Earth to maintain their energy supply.

Bowker, Richard. Dover Beach. New York: Bantam, 1987.
A detective story involving the search for a scientist who created clones of himself which are now being murdered, set after a nuclear war. The U.S. and USSR were devastated but the war, though much of the rest of the world, including England, was spared. A particularly severe winter ensued. In America the conflict was followed by anti-learning riots called the Frenzy. In an interesting touch, the novel features an old bookdealer who collects nuclear war fiction (chapter 9). The following novels are specifically mentioned: On the Beach, Alas,Babylon, A Canticle for Leibowitz, Fiskadoro, and Riddley Walker. It is suggested that the authors of such works may be comparing their fictional projections with the actuality. In a flashback we learn how the protagonist first met his lover, a young woman who had been hiding out in a lavishly appointed but abandoned fallout shelter (The family who built the thing was probably camping next to a Minuteman silo when the bombs fell).

Brackett, Leigh. The Long Tomorrow. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1955. New York.: Ace, 1962. New York: Ballantine, 1974. New York: Del Rey, 1986. London: Mayflower, 1962.
Three rebellious teenagers who reject the antiscientific, anti-urban attitudes of their postholocaust village go in quest of the fabled Bartorstown underground research center. In Magill, 3:1242-45. See Diane Parkin-Speer, "Leigh Brackett's The Long Tomorrow: A Quest for the Future America," Extrapolation 26 (1985):190-200.

Bradbury, Ray. "Dark They Were, and Golden-Eyed." See "The Naming of Names."

___. Fahrenheit 451 (expanded from "The Fireman" in Galaxy, February 1951). New York: Ballantine, 1953. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1967. London: Hart-Davis, 1954. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1955. London: Corgi, 1963.
Books are burned by "firemen" in this anti-literate dystopia. Two earlier atomic wars fought and won since 1960 are mentioned in passing, and a third breaks out at the novel's end. Made into a film by Francois Truffaut, 1967. ___. "The Fox and the Forest" (originally "To the Future," Collier's, May 13, 1950). In The Illustrated Man. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1951. New York: Bantam, 1952. London: Hart-Davis, 1952. Also in The Vintage Bradbury. New York: Vintage, 1965. Also in The Stories of Ray Bradbury. New York: Knopf, 1980. Also in E. F. Bleiler and T. E. Dikty, eds. The Best Science-Fiction Stories: 1951. New York: Fell, 1951. Rpt. as The Best Science Fiction Stories: Second Series. London: Grayson, 1952. Also in E. F. Bleiler and T. E. Dikty, eds. Frontiers in Space. New York: Bantam, 1955.
Future scientists fleeing their role in atomic and biological warfare in 2155 are relentlessly pursued through time to contemporary Mexico. Dramatized as part of National Public Radio's Bradbury Thirteen (1984).

___. "The Garbage Collector" (The Nation, October 1953). In The Golden Apples of the Sun. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1953. New York: Bantam, 1954. Also in Twice Twenty-two: The Golden Apples of the Sun, A Medicine for Melancholy. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966.
A garbage collector, told he must be prepared to haul away corpses after a nuclear war, muses in horror on the scenes he expects to encounter.

___. "The Highway" (Copy, Spring 1950). In The Illustrated Man. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1951. New York: Bantam, 1952. London: Hart-Davis, 1952. Also in Willis E. McNelly and Leon E. Stover, eds. Above the Human Landscape: A Social Science Fiction Anthology. Pacific Palisades, Calif.: Goodyear, 1972.
A Mexican peasant witnesses the flight past his fields of Americans heading home as nuclear war strikes their country. He shrugs off the news--the world they say is ending is not his. This is similar in theme to the flight of the settlers back to Earth in The Martian Chronicles.

___. The Martian Chronicles. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1950. New York: Bantam, 1951. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1953. As The Silver Locusts. London: Hart-Davis, 1951. First publication of stories discussed below: "The Off Season," Thrilling Wonder Stories, December 1948. "The Long Years," as "Dwellers in Silence," MacLean's, September 15, 1948. "There Will Come Soft Rains," Collier's, May 6, 1950. Rpt. in Leslie A. Fiedler, ed. In Dreams Awake. New York: Dell, 1975. Also rpt. in Walter M. Miller, Jr., and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Beyond Armageddon: Twenty-one Sermons to the Dead. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985. "The Million-Year Picnic." Planet Stories, Summer, 1946.

___. "The Naming of Names" (Thrilling Wonder Stories, August 1949). In Samuel Mines, ed. The Best from Startling Stories. New York: Holt, 1953. Rpt. as Startling Stories. London: Cassell, 1954. Also in Garret Ford, ed. Science and Sorcery. Los Angeles: Fantasy Publishing Co., 1953. Also in Andre Norton and Ernestine Donaldy, eds. Gates to Tomorrow. New York: Atheneum, 1973. Story retitled "Dark They Were, and Golden-Eyed." In Bradbury. A Medicine for Melancholy. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1958. New York: Bantam, 1960. Also in The Day It Rained Forever. London: Hart-Davis, 1962. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963. Also in "S" Is for Space. London: Hart-Davis, 1963. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966. New York: Bantam, 1970. Also in The Stories of Ray Bradbury. New York: Knopf, 1980. [Note: The brief chapter entitled "The Naming of Names" which is included in The Martian Chronicles is not the same story, although related to it. Contento's Index is in error on this point.]
A story from the Martian Chronicles cycle, but not included in the volume by that title. People who have fled to Mars because of nuclear war on Earth slowly evolve into Martians. One of the earlier signs of their metamorphosis is their use of original Martian place names instead of their human-imposed counterparts. When the Americans who won the war come to Mars five years later to rescue them, they plan to rename various Martian features, thus starting the cycle over again. Bradbury obviously refers to the behavior of Europeans in America and other lands. This story was dramatized as part of National Public Radio's Bradbury Thirteen (1984).

___. "Night Call, Collect." In I Sing the Body Electric. New York: Knopf, 1969. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1970. London: Hart-Davis, 1970. Also in The Stories of Ray Bradbury. New York: Knopf, 1980.
After the rest of the settlers have returned to Earth during the nuclear war depicted in The Martian Chronicles, the last man left on Mars is harassed by the recorded voice of his younger self who had set up a system of automatic telephones sixty years before. The electronic version hoaxes the living one into a heart attack by letting him think he is about to be rescued, then is left to carry on conversations with itself at various ages. This story was dramatized as part of National Public Radio's Bradbury Thirteen (1984).
 . . . . ."The Off Season" features the obnoxious owner of a hamburger stand who finds himself without customers when the Earth explodes in the fire of a nuclear war before his eyes, leading most Martian settlers to return to their home planet in the brief section called "The Watchers." In "The Long Years," an expedition of survivors twenty years after the "Great War" discovers the last man on Mars living with a family of robots. "There Will Come Soft Rains" movingly depicts the operation, deterioration, and finally the collapse of an automated house which vividly evokes its former resi dents, killed in an atomic attack. Finally, "The Million-Year Picnic" is a .~ sort of Adam and Eve story in which two surviving Earth families emigrate to Mars to begin human civilization all over again, leaving behind some of r its more harmful aspects. The Martian Chronicles were broadcast as a mini series on television, but 'Yhere Will Come Soft Rains" was eliminated, and a visit to Cape Kennedy--where the humans have mysteriously vanished in tne wake of the war--was substituted. In Magill, 3: 1348-51. See Robert Teilly, "The Artistry of Ray Bradbury," Extrapolation 13 (1971): 64-74; Juliet Grimsley, "The Martian Chronicles: A Provocative Study," English Journal 59 (December 1970): 1239-42; Willis McNelly, "Ray Bradbury-- Past, Present, and Future," in Thomas D. Clareson, ea., Voices for the Future (Bowling Green, Ohio: Popular Press, 1976); George Edgar Slusser, The Bradbury Chronicles (San Bernardino, Calif.: Borgo Press, 1977); Kent Forrester, "The Dangers of Being Earnest: Ray Bradbury and The Martian Chronicles," The Journal of General Education 28 (1976): 50-54; Joseph D. Olander and Martin Harry Greenberg, eds., Ray Bradbury (New York: Taplinger, 1979); and Leonard M. Scijag, "The Technological Exploitation of Space: Bradbury's Recension of the Turner Frontier Thesis in The Martian Chronicles," Journal for the Humanities and Technology 6 (1984-85): 27-35. [14-15, 56-57]

___. "The Other Foot" (New Story Magazine, March 1951). In The Illustrated Man. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1951. New York: Bantam, 1952. London: Hart-Davis, 1952. Also in Ray Bradbury. London: Hutchinson, 1975. Also in Allen de Graeff, ed. Human and Other Beings. New York: Collier, 1963. Martin Harry Greenberg & John W. Milstead, eds. Social Problems Through Science Fiction. New York: St. Martins Press, 1975. Also in Bonnie L. Heintz, Frank Herbert, Donald A. Joos, and Jane Agorn McGee, eds. Tomorrow, and Tomorrow, and Tomorrow. .  .  . New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1974.
A companion piece to "Way in the Middle of the Air" from The Martian Chronicles. In that story, blacks fled the Jim Crow South in homemade rocket ships bound for Mars. Now the Black colony prepares to welcome the first white ship to arrive since war blasted the Earth. Its only passenger turns out to be an old man whose tale is so pathetic the colonists reject plans to discriminate against the expected white refugees and take pity on them instead.

___. "To the Chicago Abyss" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, May 1963). In The Machineries of Joy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1964. New York: Bantam, 1965. London: Hart-Davis, 1964. Also in Dick Allen, ed. Science Fiction: The Future. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1971. Also Edward L. Ferman, ed. Best from Fantasy and Science Fiction, 25th Anniversary. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974. Also in Walter M. Miller, Jr. and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Beyond Armageddon: Twenty-one Sermons to the Dead. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985.
In a postholocaust world, it is illegal to reminisce about the days of plenty. An old man reminisces about nostalgic brand names of cigarettes, candy bars, cars, etc.

___. To the Chicago Abyss. In The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit and Other Plays. New York: Bantam, 1972.
In this dramatized version of the story above, the old man is more clearly depicted as senile. He wants to pass his memories on to the next generation, but all he can recall is trivia. The play is considerably more effective than the short story.

Braddon, Russell. The Year of the Angry Rabbit. London: Heinemann, 1964. New York: Norton, 1964.
A satire on the arms race in which rabbits injected with an experimental virus turn savage and threaten Australia. Hit by repeated atomic bombing, they grow larger and more dangerous. The same virus is used by a ruthless prime minister to impose disarmament on the rest of the world. The end of the arms race causes a worldwide recession, which is solved by having each country continue to manufacture arms which they then dump into the sea. Combative urges are satisfied by token wars held in Australia's Outback. Nuclear war is simulated by dropping bombs on Christmas Island and estimating the damage. Australian supremacy is destroyed by the nuclear physicists it had exiled to the Falkland Islands when they develop a new superweapon. Finally, hordes of vicious giant rabbits take over the continent, accidentally triggering a holocaust which kills everyone except a handful of aborigines who use magic to call down a world-wrecking deluge.

Briggs, Raymond. When the Wind Blows. London: Hamilton, 1982. New York: Schocken, 1982.
A savagely effective satire of civil defense in comic strip form, as a couple tries vainly to follow government guidelines in preparation for and reaction to a nuclear attack. Ends with both fatally ill from radiation disease, still not understanding what has happened to them. Both husband and wife keep trying to think of the war in terms of World War 11. Produced as a play both on BBC radio and in a London theater.

Briley, John. The Last Dance. London: Secker & Warburg, 1978.
A muscular disarmament spy thriller in which a conspiracy hatched by a nuclear physicist who worked on the H-bomb plans to force unimaginative leaders to realize the evil of nuclear weapons by setting off twelve bombs in major world cities. Although the plot is uncovered through the weakness of a female conspirator who falls in love with the agent on the case, the bomb planted in Bombay cannot be prevented from going off. The novel ends abruptly, with the outcome of the plot left uncertain. Lots of detailed sex scenes.

Brin, David. The Postman (portions appeared in Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine as "The Postman," November 1982 and as "Cyclops," March 1984). New York: Bantam, 1985. London: Bantam, 1986.
Sixteen years after the war in which death rays and bacteriological weapons plus a three-year nuclear winter ensured the death of most of those who escaped the atomic bombs, a wandering actor takes the clothes and bag of a dead mail carrier and is cast by those he meets as a postman, representative of a long-dead order. He forges papers and takes on the role, bringing hope and literacy as he travels. He battles vicious survivalists and encounters a group of scientists who have hoaxed surrounding villages into believing a supercomputer named "Cyclops" is rebuilding technology with the "Millenium Project." One man is depicted playing the popular video nuclear war game, Missile Command. The disillusioned hero decides to carry on, spreading his network of post offices. Because this novel is almost unique in stressing the importance of community and interdependence, it is disappointing that the ultimate forces for good are well-armed feminist soldiers who try to impose peace on the land. EMP is mentioned in passing. Made into a film 1997.

Brinkley, William. The Last Ship. New York: Viking, 1988.
After a devastating nuclear war the Earth seems almost entirely depopulated except for the crews of an American destroyer and a soviet submarine. Much of this bulky tome is given over to circuitous ponderings on the question of how to share the handful of women aboard the latter and continue the human race on an idyllic South Pacific island. In the end the women decide to mate systematically with all the men in turn to enhance conception and genetic variability; but the captain opts for monogamy. EMP and a modified form of nuclear winter are dealt with. Although the novel contains passages graphically describing the ravages of radiation sickness, its science is shabby. Although the author, who also wrote Don't Go Near the Water, is obviously earnest in warning of the danger of nuclear war; most of the novel is an absurdly naive portrait of the unique virtues of the Navy, depicted in such a way as it make it seem a unique environment for producing worthy survivors of the holocaust.

Brinton, Henry. Purple-6. London: Hutchinson, 1962. London: Arrow, 1963. New York: Walker, 1962. New York: Avon, 1963.
When an off-course rocket headed for Mars from the Soviet Union crashes in Britain, it sets off a red alert and brings the world to the brink of war. Examination of the vehicle shows that the Russians have stolen from the British the plans for a secret missile guidance system. The rest of the novel consists of the search for the spy and of the struggles of the protagonist who is caught between his wife, who disapproves of his work, and his government employers, who disapprove of his wife. Criticism of the cold war is sometimes satirized, sometimes seems to be presented seriously. At the novel's end, a second alert is accompanied by what is probably the explosion of an atomic bomb. The war has begun. Much more thoughtful and sensitive than most atomic spy stories. Compare with John Brunner, The Brink (1959).

Brodie, Howard. "Moscow Sketchbook." See under Collier's.

Brosnan, John. The Sky Lords. London: Gollancz, 1986. New York: St. Martin's, 1991.

Brown, Fredric. "Letter to a Phoenix" (Astounding, August 1949). In Angels and Spaceships. New York: Dutton, 1954. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1954. London: Gollancz, 1955. Retitled Star Shine. New York: Bantam, 1956. London: FSB, 1962. Also in Robert Bloch, ed. The Best of Fredric Brown. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1976. New York: Ballantine, 1977. Also in Martin H. Greenberg, ed. Journey to Infinity. New York: Gnome, 1951. Also in Edmund Crispin. Best SF, Six. London: Faber, 1966. Anthony Lewis, ed. The Best of Astounding. New York: Baronet,1978. Also in Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg, and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Space Mail. New York: Fawcett, 1980. Space Mail was incorporated into Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Treasury. New York: Bonanza, 1980.
The combination of a rare disease and exposure to intense radiation in the first great atomic war (which occurred less than twenty years after the discovery of the A-bomb and killed off from one-fifth to one-fourth of the world's population) has mysteriously slowed the aging process in the narra tor, so that he ages only one day every forty-five years. This happy accident has enabled him to witness 180,000 years of human history, including seven atomic wars, and to announce confidently that, no matter how many the human race nearly destroys itself, it will revive: it is immortal. Indeed, this unique capacity for self-immolation born of madness makes the human race, scattered over a thousand planets, the only race in the universe which will survive. No attempt is made to explain this extraordinary proposition.

Brown, William M. The Nuclear Crisis of 1979. Washington, D.C.: Defense Civil Preparedness Agency, 1975.
Projection of a fictional nuclear war written under contract to the government office responsible for civil defense. Using one of Herman Kahn's fantastically optimistic, slowly escalating scenarios, Brown argues for the effectiveness of the agency's Crisis Relocation Plan for the evacuation of cities. In the midst of a Middle Eastern crisis, the Russians cut off Berlin and a war breaks out in Germany. The West uses tactical nuclear weapons first. The Russians wait a day, then retaliate with ballistic missiles. Another twenty-four hours pass before NATO attacks the USSR with the same; the U.S. then issues an ultimatum: "Surrender or suffer an all-out strategic bombing." The scenario then splits in two: according to one scheme the Soviets surrender; according to the other they hit the U.S. with a full-scale attack. As the crisis builds over the weeks, the public becomes aware of the dreadful inadequacy of American civil defense caused by decades of stinginess. A few people demonstrate against war, but are supported by less than five percent of the population. Despite an almost entire lack of preparation, a marvelous spirit of cooperation emerges, with people cheerfully lending their surplus cars to strangers to aid in the evacuation, businessmen gladly sacrificing profit, bureaucrats miraculously performing with unwonted dispatch. Brown seems to think that the major obstacle to an effective civil defense is greed, since much of this cooperative spirit is elicited by government guarantees of reimbursement after the crisis. The emphasis of his plan is-on decentralized control, recognizing that the national government may well not be able to function for as long as a year. His emphasis on local decision-making also seems to stem from a states'-rights bent. He does note that even an evacuation which proves unnecessary will prove immensely disruptive. An estimated twenty-five million are killed in the war scenario; but evacuation has saved the lives of one hundred million. He makes mild attempts at realism--"Whether a massive relocation ends in peace or war, the aftermath is apt to be unpleasant"--but this is essentially a fantasy tailored to prove the feasibility of the government's relocation scheme; he never considers that the sort of war he depicts is extremely unlikely.

Browne, Maurice, and Robert Nichols. See Nichols.

Brunner, John [Killian Houston]. The Day of the Star Cities. New York: Ace, 1965.
All fissionable material has exploded simultaneously shortly before aliens arrive in their beautiful, mysterious crystal cities. The explosion sets off panic, plague, a war in Europe, and another between China and Russia. Troops sent against the aliens go mad and attack their own territory. Some people gain special powers though contact with the aliens and are known as "weirdos." Others, called "relidges," worship them. While the aliens dwell ~ in their mysterious cities, the tattered remnants of humanity live in squalor, 38 frequently being compared to rats. It is implied that those with aggressive attitudes become self-destructive; but that more peaceful attitudes can result from contact with the invaders. Savvy Americans learn how to penetrate the cities, discovering that they are gateways to other worlds. The ending is upbeat. The book refers briefly to the Vietnam War. See Brunner, "One Writer and the Next War," Science Fiction Review 11 (1982): 22- 23.

Brunner, John. Talion. In Far Frontiers 2 (Spring 1985). New York: Baen, 1985.
A nuclear winter in Britain has left only 285,000 people alive. Government officials fly to an outlying village of survivors who sheltered in a coal mine. The villagers question the men they blame for the war, then kill them.

Brust, Steven. Cowboy Feng's Space Bar and Grille. New York: Ace, 1990.
A fanciful adventure story in which a group of folk musicians travel through time and space to battle a conspiratorial group bent on exterminating most of the human race through nuclear war in order to protect themselves from a common AIDS-like disease. Although the conspirators are defeated, Earth is destroyed, and humanity survives only on other planets. Fairly thoughtful and well-written for its type.

Bryant, Edward. The Baku. Burton, Minn.: Subterranean Press, 2001.
The title story in this volume concerns a member of the crew who dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, and who is now an executive in a southern Californai power firm building a nuclear plant. His daughter's boyfriend, whose father died in a nuclear reactor disaster, leads protesters against him. He is haunted by nightmares and visions in which a young Asian girl hit by the Nagasaki bombing offers him a protective amulet called a "Baku" to swallow up his dreams. Following the story is a television script version of the same plot which Bryant wrote for possible production by the revived version of The Twilight Zone on CBS in the 1980s. Also reprinted in this volume are Bryant's other nuclear stories: "The Hibakusha Gallery" and "Jody After the War" (see below).

___. "The Hibakusha Gallery" (Penthouse, June 1977). In Particle Theory. New York: Timescape, 1981.
In a souvenir shop featuring grotesque images of the atomic bombing of Japan, one can have one's picture taken posing as one of the victims. ___. "Jody After the War." In Damon Knight, ed. Orbit 10. New York: Putnam, 1971. New York: Berkley, 1972. Also in Among the Dead, and Other Events Leading Up to the Apocalypse. New York: Macmillan, 1973. Also in Walter M. Miller, Jr. and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Beyond Armageddon: Twenty-one Sermons to the Dead. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985.
A young woman refuses to consider sex, fearing marriage because of the consequences of a recent nuclear war caused when "the Chinese suicided their psychotic society in the seventies, and destroyed most of urban America in the process."

Buchard, Robert. Thirty Seconds Over New York. Originally Trente secondes sur New York. Paris: A. Michel, 1969. Trans. June P. Wilson and Walter B. Michaels. London: Collins, 1970. New York: Morrow, 1970.
The pyromanic who has become head of the Chinese Secret Police hatches a scheme to substitute a Russian plane loaded with an atomic bomb for a French airliner flying to New York. The plot is detected too late, and the city is destroyed. On the hotline with the Russian premier, the American president informs him of the explosion, refusing to believe that the USSR is not involved. "'That may be,' the President said with a menacing voice. 'But there isn't a single American whotll believe it.' " Adds Buchard, "Was that the way it began . . ?" End of novel. The title is obviously inspired by the title of Ted W. Lawson's 1943 account of the first American bombing strike at Japan, Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (made into a notable film in 1944).

Butler, Octavia. Adulthood Rites. New York: Warner, 1988. New York: Questar, 1989. London: Gollancz, 1988.
Second volume in the Xenogenesis series. Sequel to Dawn. Set on the restored Earth. The genetically altered son of the protagonist of Dawn struggles with the prejudices of ordinary humans who want to continue their kind without mating with the aliens. He convinces the latter to let these resisters emigrate to Mars and establish an human colony there. Mentions the destruction of the ozone layer.

___. Dawn. New York: Warner, 1987. New York?: Questar, 1988.
First volume in the Xenogenesis series. Sequel: Adulthood Rites. Long after a nuclear war and ensuing nuclear winter have destroyed almost all life on Earth, benign aliens capture a few surviving humans and keep them in suspended animation until they can restore the planet to habitability. They wish to interbreed with the humans and remold them as noncombatative superhumans. However, the revived specimines tend to exhibit all the destructive instincts which caused the holocaust in the first place, and resist the aliens plans. The vividly depicted heroine, who sympathises with the project, must struggle with her revulsions and fears. A thoughtful and original exploration of the question whether it is possible to create a peaceful human race which will retain its humanity. The black author also intelligently explores xenophobia as a metaphor for racism. Jim Miller: "Post-Apocalyptic Hoping: Octavia Butler's Dystopian/Utopian Vision," Science-Fiction Studies, 25 (1998): 336-360 (covers all three volumes in the trilogy).

___. Imago. New York: Warner, 1989. London: Gollancz, 1989. Third volume in the Xenogenesis series. Sequel to Adulthood Rites.
The protagonist of Adulthood Rites matures, and converts his human enemies to more peaceful ways. Fertile human survivors are being shipped off to earth as the new breed of human/alien beings prepares to colonize Earth.

___. Xenogenesis. New York: Science Fiction Book Club, 1989.
Omnibus edition of the Xenogenesis series, consisting of Dawn, Adulthood Rites, and Imago.

Bryant, Peter. See George, Peter.

Buck, Pearl S[ydenstricker]. Command the Morning. New York: John Day, 1959. New York: Pocket Books, 1960. London: Pan, 1963.
A fictionalized account of the Manhattan Project. The protagonist is a nuclear scientist torn between his abhorrence of the bomb and his hatred of the Japanese (he makes crucial decisions to proceed in response to Pearl Harbor and the Bataan Death March). A good account of the processes that went into the design, construction and use of the first atomic bombs, with a fairly lucid presentation of technical details. Many of the names of the chief participants are left unaltered, but for some reason Leo Szilard becomes Szigny and a character named Burton Hall is given the role of Robert Oppenheimer insofar as he is the object of scrutiny by the anti-Communist Dies Committee. Love interest is added as the protagonist must decide between his loving wife who is not cleared for classified information and the beautiful young physicist with whom he works and with whom he can share his scientific interests. After much anguish but no adultery, the marital bond is preserved. His decision is made somewhat easier by the fact that both women are extraordinarily beautiful. Although Hiroshima is depicted as a horror, the book ends on an upbeat note, with the new generation of scientists aiming for the stars. A subplot involves the wife's infatuation with a British scientist who turns out to be a spy for the Russians. The love plot is obviously candy coating for an otherwise fairly straightforward account of the creation of the nuclear bomb. The title comes from Job 38:12.

Budrys, Algis. See Janvier, Ivan.

Bulmer, Kenneth. The Doomsday Men. New York: Modern Library, 1968.
Fear of nuclear attack has led cities to be enclosed in impenetrable protective domes, while most people have fled to the now idyllic countryside. The cities decay in their domes, unaware that peace has spread across the planet, until a clandestine group uses a thermonuclear bomb to destroy the mechanism creating the domes. Question: why wasn't this mechanism covered by such a dome? Basically a detective story, this bears many resemblances to Philip K. Dick's Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep.

Bunch, David R. Moderan. New York: Avon, 1971.
Forty-six short sketches originally published in various magazines from 1959 to 1970. After a five-year nuclear war has devastated the Earth, little of nature is left. Humans remake themselves as largely artificial creatures whose main occupation is relentless mechanized warfare. A remarkable bitter satire, reminiscent in some ways of the robot stories of Stanislaw Lem. Strikingly poetic and original style, although somewhat disjointed and repetitious.

Burdick, Eugene, and Harvey Wheeler. Fail-Safe (Saturday Evening Post, senalized in three episodes beginning October 13, 1962). New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962. New York: Dell, 1963. London: Hutchinson, 1963. London: Pan, 1965. Abridged version, ed. Stephen M. Joseph. New York: Noble & Noble, 1967.
Tautly-paced best-selling thriller about an accidental first strike on Moscow which the president allows to be balanced by the destruction of New York City. The Russians are depicted as rational and as having their own hawks and doves. This is clearly a post-cold war novel. According to Michael G. Wollscheidt in Nuclear War Films, ed. Jack G. Shaheen (Carbondale: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1978), p. 70, Peter Bryant sued Burdick and Wheeler, accusing them of having plagiarized his Red Alert. Fail-Safe was made into a Columbia film in 1963. [27-28, 33]

Burger, Neal R., and George E. Simpson. See Simpson.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice. A Princess of Mars. (Originally as "Under the Moons of Mars," under the pseudonym Norman Bean. All-Story, February, March, April, May, June, July, 1912. Rpt. New York Evening World January 3-8, 1916. Rpt. as Carter of the Red Planet. Modern Mechanics and Invention, April, May, June, July, 1929.) Chicago: McClurg, 1917. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1917. Tarzana, Calif.: E. R. Burroughs, 1939. New York: Ballantine, 1963. New York: Pratt AdLib, 1965. London: Methuen, 1919. London: Four Square Books, 1961. London: Dragon, 1968. Also in A Princess of Mars & A Fighting Man of Mars: Two Martian Novels. New York: Dover, 1964. Also in The Martian Tales, vol 1. New York: Ballantine, 1982. Cf. version "retold by A. M. Hadfield." London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1962.
The first of the stories set on Mars by the creator of Tarzan. Its only relevance to our theme is a mention of radium bullets being used as weapons.

Buttrey, Douglas Norton. See Barr, Densil N.

Byrne, Johnny. "Yesterday's Gardens" (Science Fantasy, November 1965). In ludith Merril, ed. Ilth Annual Edition: The Year's Best S-F. New York: Delacorte, 1966. New York: Dell, 1967.
A little girl can't understand why she is no longer allowed to play in the garden--now yellow, brown, and radioactive. All the birds and butterflies are gone. She recalls seeing her parents destroyed when the bomb went off and escapes into fantasy games.

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