Nuclear Holocausts: Atomic War in Fiction

by Paul Brians

Nuclear Holocausts Bibliography: H

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P  R S T U V W Y Z

Table of Contents

Hackett, General Sir John. The Third World War: August 1985: The Untold Story. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1982. New York Macmillan, 1982. Sequel to The Third World War: A Future History.
Not content with the detail in his previous book, Hackett returns with a reexamination of the war earlier depicted. This work is little more than a catalog of weapons and tactics, with a reassuring stress on the capabilities--both in equipment and troops--of the NATO alliance. Interestingly, he strongly endorses women in the military, and even makes one of them a heroic bomber pilot. Hackett dismisses the danger of electromagnetic pulse disruption of military communications because the 1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty has successfully barred its use. The nuclear phase of the war is given short shrift, as a rather dry account of the bombing of Minsk is provided in chapter 20. Although Russia is forced to dismantle its nuclear weapons, and other European nations and those in the third world follow suit, China and the U.S. remain nuclear powers, continuing the balance of terror. "Postscript I" acknowledges that the Russian decision not to launch an all-out strike is almost incredible, which raises the question of how seriously the reader should take Hackett's scenario, since it rests on the premise that a limited nuclear war is a real possibility. As in the earlier volume, Hackett assumes that the inhabitants of the USSR and the Eastern European nations are seething with dissatisfaction which will erupt in rebellion against their communist masters at any opportunity. [More]

Hackett, General Sir John, and Others. The Third World War: A Future History. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1978. New York: Macmillan, 1979. New York: Berkley, 1980. Sequel: The Third World War: August 1985: The Untold Story.
This nearly unreadable exercise in war-gaming by a group of professional military men, warning of Soviet aggression, is one long editorial for military preparedness. It assumes a conventional war beginning in Europe in August of 1985 which ultimately escalates to a limited nuclear exchange. This in turn precipitates nationalist revolutions which dismember the USSR Hackett tries to make the case--in great detail--that a superior Western conventional force is needed to deter the Russians; but in his book this strategy results in a desperate use of nuclear weapons by Russia. An interesting article discussing President Reagan's enthusiasm for this book appeared in the October 27, 1984, issue of The Nation. [More]

Hagedorn, Herman. The Bomb that Fell on America. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Pacific Coast Publishing Co., 1946. New York: Association Press, 1948. Revised ed. New York: Association Press, 1950.
An earnest plea in verse for the assertion of Christian values in the new atomic age, insisting on America's responsibility for improving and not destroying the world. The poet calls for the U.S. to accept the responsibility for the deaths caused by the atomic bomb: "The bomb that fell on Hiroshima fell on America too." The narrator confronts God, who tells him that he will not intervene to save the human race, but that the power of the human soul, working through a universal religion, is mightier than the atom. The author credits the Moral Re-Armament movement for the ideas expressed in the poem. The work must have sold well, for it went through several printings, and the back cover contains tributes from such notables as Lowell Thomas, Will H. Hays, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Lewis Mumford. Hagedorn's other best-known works were inspirational books for children: The Book of Courage (Philadelphia: Winston, 1929) and The Boys' Life of Theodore Roosevelt (New York: Harper, 1918).

Halacy, D. S., Jr. Return from Luna. New York: Norton, 1969.
A juvenile adventure story in which a young man is stranded at the American base on the moon when nuclear war breaks out on Earth and uses his ingenuity to help his comrades survive. A mad antinuclear scientist sabotages their power plant. In the end they join forces with similarly stranded Russians at a nearby Soviet lunar base.

Haldeman, Joe. The Forever Peace. New York: Ace, 1997.
Not a sequel to The Forever War, but set after a brief exchange of nuclear weapons resulting in the destruction of three cities. "Soldierboys" (fighting machines) continue the combat, focussed on Central American conflicts; but turn out to be the key to making humanity peaceful in the long run.

___. The Forever War. Portions appeared in Analog 1972, 1973, 1974. New York: St. Martin's Press, date? New York: Ballantine, 1976.
Early in the course of an immensely long interstellar war a dirty fission bomb is used against the alien enemy; but apart from a mention of its flash, it is little dealt with. More advanced futuristic weapons dominate the story. Notable as the expression of one Vietnam War veteran's revulsion against warfare.

___. "To Howard Hughes: A Modest Proposal" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, November 1974). In Study War No More: A Selection of Alternatives. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1974. Also in Infinite Dreams. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1977. Also in H. Bruce Franklin, ed. Countdown to Midnight: Twelve Great Stories About Nuclear War. New York: DAW, 1984.
Nuclear blackmailers succeed in forcing atomic disarmament after destroying Akron, Ohio and Novosibirsk.

___. Worlds. New York: Viking, 1981. New York: Pocket Books, 1982. London: Futura, 1982. First volume of the Worlds trilogy.
A dispute between independent space colonies and the U.S., combined with an attempted revolutionary coup, leads to a catastrophic nuclear and bacteriological war which destroys most of Earth's population and leaves only a fragment of humanity surviving in space. The holocaust is triggered by a military madman who, no longer restrained by any higher authority after Washington is destroyed, pushes all the buttons.

___. Worlds Apart. New York: Viking, 1983. New York: Ace, 1984. Second volume of the Worlds trilogy.
After a third of the world's population has died in the atomic war of March 16, 2085, a Russian-created bacteriological weapon kills everyone except teenagers. On an Earth populated almost exclusively by children doomed to die at age twenty, a gruesome death cult prospers, devoted to the memory of Charles Manson. Meanwhile the surviving space colony of New New York develops a vaccine which not only prevents them from dying early, but it prolongs the human lifespan. In the end the heroine ships out with a group of colonists on an interstellar voyage to settle a planet orbiting a neighboring star.

Haldeman, Joe. Worlds Enough And Time. New York: William Morrow, 1992.
Conclusion of the World's trilogy, depicting the troubled voyage of a remnant of humanity to a new world in the wake of Earth's near-death. It transpires that some back home have survived and are rebuilding, but slowly. On the new planet, the heroine is tested for altruism by a wise, almost god-like race. Contains many flashbacks to the period of the nuclear war.

Hamilton, Edmond. City at World's End (expanded from Startling Stories , July 1950). New York: Fell, 1951. New York: Fawcett, 1957. New York: Ballantine, 1983. London: Museum, 1952
A super-atomic bomb dropped on Middletown blasts it millions of years into the future to a dying Earth. Representatives of the Interstellar Federation wishing to transfer the inhabitants to a younger planet are defeated when a scheme to re-ignite the Earth's cooled center succeeds in making the planet habitable again (this provides heat, but no mention is made of the role of sunlight in driving photosynthesis). A human defends the violent past of Earth before an interstellar tribunal: "Yes, we fought wars! We fought because we had to, so that thought and progress and freedom could live in our world. You owe us for that! You owe us for the men that died so there could one day be a Federation of Stars. You owe us for atomic power too. We may have misused it--but it's the force that built your civilization and we gave it to you!"

Hamilton, Virginia. The Gathering. New York: Greenwillow, 1981. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989.
Third volume of the Justice Cycle [the other volumes, from the same publisher, are Justice and Her Brothers (1978) and Dustland (1980)], and the only one to deal specifically with nuclear war. Telepathic children travel to the distant future where a supercomputer named Colossus is seeking to restore a ruined planet made a vast desert through pollution and warfare. Ecocatastrophes are cited as major causes of the destruction, but war and radiation are linked in such a way as to suggest that a nuclear conflict occurred. Many strange mutants have evolved.

Hara Tamiki. The Land of Heart's Desire. Translated from the Japanese by John Bester. In Kenzaburo Oe, ed. The Crazy Iris and Other Stories of the Atomic Aftermath. Originally published Tokyo: Shueisha Press, 1984. New York: Grove, 1985. The story was first published in 1951.
A suicide note in the form of an account of troubled dreams recalling memories of the Hiroshima bombing. The author did in fact commit suicide in 1951.

___. "Summer Flower." Originally "Natsu no hana." Trans. George Saito. Slightly abridged version in Pacific Spectator 7 (1953): 202-10. Also in Literary Review 6(1962): 25-34. Also in Shoichi Saeki, ed., The Shadow of Sunrise: Selected Stories of Japan and the War. Palo Alto: Kondansha, 1966. Complete version in Kenzaburo Oe, ed. The Crazy Iris and Other Stories of the Atomic Aftermath, ed. New York: Grove, 1985. Anthology originally Tokyo: Shueisha Press, 1984.
A straightforward account of scenes witnessed by the author after the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. The story begins with the narrator visiting the graves of his wife and parents three days earlier, and concludes with a friend searching for his wife's remains mingled with the bones of her pupils in the ruins of the girls' school where she taught. He says that the ruins of his house reminded him of The Fall of the House of Usher. The author, who published this narrative in 1947, committed suicide in 1951.

Harding, Richard. The Outrider #1. New York: Pinnacle, 1984.
The first volume of yet another postholocaust survivalist adventure series, featuring some rather spectacular ecological effects: the Great Lakes have boiled dry, the birds are all extinct, and the entire coalbelt running from Pennsylvania to Tennessee has been ignited and burns endlessly. A ill-assorted band of scavengers travels from Chicago to New York to rescue a captured female companion. They have to do battle with villains who live on rats in the New York subway tunnels.

Harding, Richard. [The Outrider #2]: Fire and Ice. New York: Pinnacle, 1984.

Harding, Richard. [The Outrider #3]: Blood Highway. New York: Pinnacle, 1984.

Harding, Richard. [The Outrider #4]: Bay City Burnout. New York: Pinnacle, 1985.

Harding, Richard. [The Outrider #5]: Built to Kill. New York: Pinnacle, 1985.

Hardy, Ronald. The Face of Jalanath. New York: Putnam's, 1973.
An Indian-CIA conspiracy to flood the Chinese nuclear research establishment with a lake blasted out of the Himalayas by a trio of thermonuclear bombs backfires when the explosion uncovers a rich vein of uranium.

Harker, Kenneth. The Symmetrians. London: Compact, 1966.
A postholocaust crackpot dystopia in which a cult of symmetry is imposed on everyday life to create order in the aftermath of the Devastation. Radio-swamps are still a menace. Rebels explore ancient technology and reactivate thermonuclear power, hoping to avoid a repetition of the Devastation as civilization rises again.

Harmon, Jim. "The Place Where Chicago Was" (Galaxy, February 1962). In Frederik Pohl, Martin H. Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Galaxy: Thirty Years of Innovative Science Fiction. New York: Playboy Press, 1980. Rpt. in two volumes. New York: Playboy, 1981. Story is in Volume 1. New York: Wideview, 1981.
One of the most illogical stories attacking pacifism ever published. After a nuclear war, the government enforces peace with broadcast mind control which prevents killing and causes most people to become vegetarians. As a substitute for warfare, biennial war games result in the symbolic death and destruction of individuals and cities. The victimized people are placed under a strict taboo and allowed to die. The protagonist is such a victim who becomes involved with a violent Wolf Pack consisting of young people incapable of murder, but reveling in torture and violence. In banned Chicago, he overcomes the inhibition against killing and does away with the pack's leader. He then sets off a simulated cataclysmic attack on the rest of the world which ruins the system of fake wars. Compare Wolfe, Limbo.

Harris, Brian [pseud. of Robert Ludlum]. World War III. New York: Pocket Books, 1982.
A novelization of an NBC television filmscript by Robert L. Joseph. The Russians invade Alaska in 1984 to cut the pipeline in retaliation for a renewed grain embargo. The crisis escalates; and although it seems that negotiations have been successful, in the end the missiles are launched, initiating a nuclear war neither side really wants. The Soviet premier is depicted as a well-meaning, reasonable fellow who is overridden by ruthless hawks in the Party and the military.

Harris, John. See Wyndham, John.

Harrison, Harry. Bill, the Galactic Hero (a portion appeared as "The Starsloggers," Galaxy, December 1964, and parts were serialized in New Worlds, August, September, October 1965). Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1965. New York: Berkley, 1966. New York: Avon, 1975. London: Gollancz, 1965.
In this science fiction satire on the military it is mentioned in passing that Earth destroyed itself long ago in a nuclear war. Nuclear weapons including atomic rifles are also used in the concluding scenes of battle on a planet closely resembling the Venus of Stanley G. Weinbaum in his classic story, "Parasite Planet" (Astounding, February 1935).

___. "Or Battle's Sound" (If, October 1968). As "No War, Or Battle's Sound." In Harry Harrison, ed. One Step from Earth. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Under same title in Gordon R. Dickson, ed. Combat SF. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1975. Under original title in Joe Haldeman, Charles G. Waugh, and Martin Harry Greenberg, eds. Body Armor: 2000. New York: Ace, 1986.
Infantrymen use hand-carried atomic bombs to penetrate force shields in an interplanetary war.

Harrison, M[ichael] John. The Centauri Device. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974. New York: Bantam, 1980.
A space adventure set long after the Rat Bomb wars of 2003-15 destroyed most of Earth, leaving mostly Jews and Arabs to inherit the planet and its space colonies. The story concerns the race to seize the superweapon of the title on the planet Centauri, even more devastated by an atomic war. The hero sets off the device to prevent others from using it, but in the process destroys both Earth and Centauri entirely. An epilogue indicates that civilization continues on other worlds.

___. The Committed Men. London: Hutchinson, 1971. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971.
A broken-down doctor and his companions attempt to deliver a mutant baby to its kind, adapted to survive in a blasted world where ordinary humans are obsolete. According to Neil Barron, Anatomy of Wonder (1981), the American text of this savage odyssey differs from the original.

___. The Pastel City. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971. New York: Avon, 1974.
A neomedieval adventure dealing with mutated monsters, zombie-like creatures battling a supercomputer. Only veiled references to cobalt bombs suggest a nu clear war background; instead there are repeated references to economic collapse and pollution as the cause of the fall of civilization. First volume of the Viriconium series.

___ . A Storm of Wings. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1980? New York: Timescape, 1982.
Second volume of the Viriconium series, set 80 years later. No further clues as to whether or not a nuclear holocaust occurred.

Harry, Eric L. Arc Light. N. Y.: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
In this technothriller the Russians are at war with the Chinese. A renegade Russian general decides on a preemptive nuclear strike against Chinese bases, but takes the precaution of tipping off the U.S. President, who in turn takes the precaution of tipping off the Chinese. The result is that the Chinese are able to retaliate in a way that causes the Russians to believe they are being attacked by the U.S., so they launch a massive strike at American defensive installations. Although the Russians confess their error to the President, he feels compelled to retaliate in kind and then try to halt the exchange after millions have died. However, the right-wing Vice President tries to intervene to press the attack forward against Russian cities.

Hart, Harry. See Frank, Pat.

Hartley, L[eslie] P[oles]. Facial Justice. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1960. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1961.
Reminiscent in its theme of Cyril M. Kornbluth's 195l story "The Marching Morons," this novel is more likely to have been inspired by Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. Ages ago people were forced underground by war. After half the surviving population reluctantly emerges from underground shelters an egalitarian dictatorship takes over, classifying people not so much by intelligence, as in Huxley's novel, as by looks. Excessively attractive women are deliberately uglified to prevent envy, with uniform masks being surgically implanted on a large part of the female half of the human race. Since women supposedly do not care much about men's looks, males are not subjected to this procedure. A rebellious young woman called Jael, like her Biblical namesake, militant, courageous, and beautiful, tries to beat the system and preserve her beauty. She fails in her short-term goal, but in the end the evil dictator is unmasked as an old woman probably motivated by envy of younger rivals. Most people are sterile and there are many stillbirths. Matings are ritualized to maximize conception. Although the novel has been praised in certain quarters, it seems farfetched not only in plot (there are many absurd details: almost all plants have been killed but there is no explanation of why everyone doesn't suffocate for lack of oxygen), but also in motivation and characterization. Although the punning title suggests an attack on the struggle for racial equality, the book seems more like another one of those misogynistic tracts so common in the fifties which saw domineering women as the principal threat to men's freedom. Hartley links female abhorrence of war with female abhorrence of sex. Dates given by the author for its writing are January 1953-September 1959.

Hawkinson, John L. We, the Few. New York: Exposition, 1952.
A cheerful, upbeat account of the nearly complete destruction of America in 1962 by a sneak atomic attack accompanied by bacteriological warfare and sabotage. The story focuses on the love lives of a group of resourceful survivors at a Southern California astronomical observatory who split into two truck convoys to explore what is left of the country and try to join the U.S. government in Washington, D.C. Naturally, they find only ruins, so they return to set up a utopia in Brownville, Texas, where stoop labor admirably preserves the suppleness of the women's undraped figures as they toil in the fields. There are some unpleasant elements--dead bodies must be disposed of by comic laborers who grumble in dialect--but most of the book is one round after another of matchmaking, praying (the survivors are conventionally religious), and square dancing. New York has been destroyed, but at least the Hudson River is no longer polluted. A few serious points are made along the way: It is argued that both sides are to blame for the mysterious war and that they would have done far better to have merely demonstrated their weapons for each other (a suggestion that stems from the Hiroshima era but which surely made little sense in 1952). The survivors decide to learn the skills they need to replicate the old technology, refusing to sink into barbarism by becoming mere scavengers.

Hawksley, Humphrey. Dragonfire. London: Macmillan, 2000.
This sequel to Dragonfire would be more impressive as a rare example of realistic war-gaming involving South Asia if the author weren't stuck in Cold War-era thinking. As part of a secret China-Russia-Pakistan anti-U.S. alliance, China supplies Pakistan with nuclear technology stolen from the U.S., mainly to weaken India, knowing their use will result in the destruction of Pakistan. When the Pakistanis use a tactical neutron bomb against invading Indian tanks, an international crisis erupts. The Indians retaliate with conventional weapons against Pakistani nuclear intallations. Muslim-Hindu fighting inside Delhi erupts. In one scene a young woman anti-nuclear protester is shot as she reads a passage from Arundhati Roy's well-known essay "The End of Imagination" (reprinted in The Cost of Living (New York: Modern Library, 1999). The Pakistani leader offers to abstain from further use of nuclear weapons against India if the U.S. will pressure India to cease hostilities, but the American President refuses. The Pakistanis then send two more missiles--this time armed with conventional warheads--against Sriniagar in the disputed territory of Kashmir. The leader of Taiwan decides that while China is distracted by this confict it would be a good opportunity to declare the island-nation's independence, but the result is that China sends conventional missiles against Tapipei and invades Taiwan. India bombs Chengdu in retaliation for China's role in supporting Pakistan, and a Chinese submarine retaliates by sending a nuclear-armed missile to Mumbai (Bombay), where it immediately kills 200,000 people, with as many more people dying subsequently of radiation poisoning and other side-effects of the bombing. The Russians have been playing a devious game through all this, but are finally deterred from bombing the U.S. by a firm American threat to destroy them if they act. The upshot of all this international maneuvering is to reward the fiendish Chinese with hegemony in the Far East. Ruthlessness triumphs.

___. The Third World War. London: Pan, 2003.
Another third-world World War III novel focused on Asia from this British author, a BBC reporter. While North Korea is seized by a madman bent on destroying the West using stolen mutated smallpox, Pakistan starts a nuclear war with India. China and Russia invade Pakistan. The U.S. uses non-nuclear weapons against Korea, but not before it is infected; Japan and India launch a full-out nuclear exchange. Tokyo is destroyed by a North Korean missile and the Japanese retaliate in kind against North Korea. The climax comes as Korea launches nuclear missiles agains the U.S., most of which are shot down by its missile defense system; but one gets through and destroys Oakland, California. The U.S. sends nuclear missiles to Korea, but China, Cuba, and Russia retaliate on its behalf, essentially destroying America. The nation that emerges least scarred is India, thanks to its size and population.

___ and Simon Holberton. Dragon Strike: The Millennium War. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1997. London: Pan, 1997.
In February 2001, China seizes the Paracel and Spratley Islands in the South China Sea in an attempt to secure rich oil fields, and then begins to move on the Philippines and threaten Japan's trade routes. Fierce resistance from Vietnam, backed by France, proves surprisingly effective. When Japan's attempt to call on the U.S. for help is rejected, partly because racist Americans have little sympathy for them, the Japanese reveal that they have been building nuclear weapons for some time, and explode one underground to demonstrate their willingness to defend themselves against China. The reactions of all the nuclear nations are discussed in this work, unusual in dealing with proliferation. As part of a complex chain of escalation, the Chinese send nuclear-armed submarines against the U.S., allowing one to be discovered the better to use the second as a threat. The relative helplessness of missile defences against sub-based missiles is discussed. The last quarter of the novel features a good deal of nuclear brinksmanship, with detailed discussion of the inadequacy and futility of civil defence in both the U.S. and Britain. Though an actual nuclear exchange is finally averted, China then attempts to invade Taiwan, but is repelled successfully, thanks to U.S.-supplied arms and fierce resistance. More scenario than novel, complete with endnotes, a timeline, and an index, characters in this book are lucky if they have names--personalities are out of the question. The narrative reads like a set of war-gaming instructions, punctuated by detailed commentary on the state of the relevant stock exchanges (U.S. interests are represented by the price-per-share of Boeing). The Japanese exchange is being cleverly manipulated by the Chinese to yield them huge returns at the end of the war so that even though China has been forced to retreat and has gained none of its obvious war aims, it has earned so much through financial wizardry that it is able to finance a superior military which will be able to threaten the world more seriously next time. None of the countries involved seems to have any regulatory mechanisms in place to prevent their open markets from being used as weapons of war. The novel almost suggests that the entire war has been a feint to conceal this financial coup. Sequel: Dragonfire.

Hay, John. The Invasion. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1968.
Australian pluck and a convenient flood defeat the Chinese occupying a rural sheep station after the continent's coastal cities have been destroyed by atomic "satellite bombs." The invaders belong to the South East Asian Republic, formed in the wake of the fall of Vietnam and other dominoes. Late in the novel we learn that the war began when a U.S. test missile accidentally hit China, and that the twenty nations possessing nuclear weapons have been largely destroyed. The novel deals with the problems caused by white racism among the Australians.

Hayashi Kyoko. "The Empty Can." First published 1978. Translated from Japanese by Margaret Mitsutani. In Kenzaburo Oe, ed. The Crazy Iris and Other Stories of the Atomic Aftermath. Tokyo: Shueisha Press, 1984. New York: Grove, 1985.
Thirty years after the Nagasaki bomb, a group of women revisiting their old school remember the memorial service for the victims of the bombing. They discuss the effects of the attack, relating various tories including that of a girl who daily brought her parents' bones to school in a can. Bits of glass still imbedded in the protagonist's back must still be removed. The author was herself a survivor of the Nagasaki bombing.

Heinlein, Robert A[nson]. The Day After Tomorrow (expanded from a slightly different version entitled Sixth Column which was published in Astounding, January, February, March 1941 under the name "Anson MacDonald," and reprinted New York: Gnome, 1949). New York: Signet, 1951. London: Mayflower, 1962.
After the country is conquered by vile Asiatics, the resistance mounts a plot against them involving the Ledbetter effect. This multipurpose marvel slices through rock, kills viruses, and--most important of all--damages Asians while sparing Caucasians. In the retitled version, Heinlein updated the text by adding a few references to atomic bombs having been used in the preceding war (the original contains references to atomic power and radiation but not to atomic bombs as such). He also slightly toned down the racism of the text, changing "yellow apes" to "apes," for instance. A token Good Oriental sacrifices his life to stop a renegade resistance leader who aims to make himself the new dictator. Heinlein insists that the victors be generous; the ruthlessness of Versailles must not be repeated.

___. The Door Into Summer (The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction October, November, December 1956). New York: Doubleday, 1957. London: Victor Gollancz, 1973. New York: Del Rey, 1986. In A Heinlein Trio Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1980.
There are brief mentions of "Six Week War" which destroyed several US cities in the recent past, but the war has almost no effect on the plot or setting of the rest of the novel.

___. Farnham's Freehold (If, July, August, September 1964). New York: Putnam, 1964. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964. New York: Signet, 1965. London: Corgi, 1967.
A family with the sort of overbearing, garrulous father typical of Heinlein is catapulted into the distant future by a new kind of atom bomb, into a land where dark Southern races have inherited the Earth and instituted a despotic society based on racism and cannibalism. Mr. Farnham--like his creator, an ex-navy man--jokes at the very instant his shelter is being rocked by a nuclear blast. He also argues that a nuclear war will improve the breed, but the result doesn't seem to bear him out. Another character manages this awful pun: "'We've got to eat, even if this is Armageddon.' 'And Armageddon sick of it,' Karen offered." The protagonist's beautiful young daughter argues that if their family is to be stranded in the postwar world with a few nonrelatives, she should be allowed to mate with her father. He is shocked at the suggestion, but she clearly gets the best of the argument. In the novel the issue is rendered moot, however, because the daughter is already pregnant by a student from her college. The novel also contains a classic scene of love among the ruins as the father passionately makes love with a young woman he barely knows inside the shelter while the war is raging outside and his alcoholic wife is sleeping. In the morning his daughter congratulates them both and wishes she had a lover with whom she could do likewise. This is the only one of these works in which the game of bridge is featured more prominently than nuclear war.

___. "Free Men." In The Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1966. Also in Expanded Universe: The New Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1981.
After the Russians conquer the U.S. in a nuclear war, a rebel underground fights back. The enemy bombs cities which shelter rebels. One rebel becomes a renegade, is pursued and killed while the heroic leader, fatally wounded, sends the rest of his band to continue the fight, leaving him to die.

___. "The Long Watch" (American Legion Magazine, December 1949). In The Green Hills of Earth. Chicago: Shasta, 1951. New York: Signet, 1952. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1954. Also in The Past Through Tomorrow. New York: Putnam, 1967. Also in The Best of Robert Heinlein. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1973. Also in Reginald Bretnor, ed. The Future at War, Vol. 1: Thor's Hammer. New York: Ace, 1979.
The hero prevents a coup by a renegade lunar base official when he sacrifices his life to disarm nuclear weapons his superior wants to use to blackmail the Earth into surrendering.

___. "On the Slopes of Vesuvius." In Expanded Universe: The New Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1981.
A physicist in a New York bar gives a Heinleinian lecture on the danger of nuclear attack. The bartender, panicked, flees; sure enough, New York is bombed. A barely disguised editorial, dated 1947 by Heinlein, but not previously published.

___. "Project Nightmare" (Amazing, April, 1953). In The Menace from Earth. New York: Gnome, 1959. New York: Signet, 1962. London: Dobson, 1966. London: Corgi, 1968. Also in Expanded Universe: The New Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1980.
The army trains psychics to detonate bombs; but when it is discovered that the Russians have mined thirty-eight American cities with atomic bombs which will be detonated unless the country surrenders, the military uses the psychics to prevent the bombs from going off. At story's end they are asked to detonate bombs still in the USSR The most powerful of them is a sweet little old lady named Mrs. Williams who concludes the story by asking for a large pot of tea while she goes to work obliterating the enemy.

___. "Solution Unsatisfactory" (Astounding, May 1941). In The Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1966. Also in Expanded Universe: The New Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1981. Also in Richard Curtis, ed. Future Tense. New York: Dell, 1968.
The invention of an atomic dust weapon brings universal peace, at the cost of the loss of liberty. [More]

___. Starship Troopers (expanded from "Starship Soldier," Fantasy and Science Fiction, October, November 1959). New York: Putnam's, 1959. New York: Signet, 1961. New York: Berkley, 1968. London: Four Square, 1961.
A militaristic youth novel of interplanetary combat involving troopers who carry and use personal H-bombs.

___. "The Year of the Jackpot" (Galaxy, March 1952). In The Menace from Earth. New York: Gnome, 1959. New York: Signet, 1962. London: Dobson, 1966. London: Corgi, 1968. Also in Expanded Universe: The New Worlds of Robert A. Heinlein. New York: Ace, 1980. Also in H. L. Gold, ed. Second Galaxy Reader of Science Fiction. New York: Crown, 1954.
For some unexplained reason, a number of cycles come to a climax simultaneously, producing a series of disasters, including a devastating nuclear war; but the story's climax comes when the sun goes nova. Sex never plays a more traditional role than in this story in which it is said of the narrator: "Aside from mathematics, just two things worth doing--kill a man and love a woman. He had done both. He was rich." The unconscious absurdity of this statement is underlined by the fact that the only killing depicted in the story was actually committed by the hero's girlfriend, not by himself.

Herbert, James. Domain. New York: Signet, 1985.
A grisly horror tale in which mutated rats (developed by scientists from a stock of previous mutants created by atomic bomb testing) war on humans in the London tube and a connected network of underground shelters after a devastating nuclear attack. The rats are controlled and directed by a monstrous intelligence. The effects of radiation disease are vividly depicted, and EMP is dealt with. At the end of the novel it is revealed that the war was the result of a Chinese plot. The authorities brought the conflict to a halt before creating a world-wide holocaust, but London is left in the hands of the rats.

___. The Dragon in the Sea (originally as "Under Pressure," Astounding, November, December 1955, January 1956). Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1956. New York: Avon, 1967. Boston: Gregg, 1980. London: Gollancz, 1960. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1961. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963. As 21st Century Sub . New York: Avon, 1956.
Sabotage aboard a submarine during a prolonged war, one of whose effects was the destruction of the British Isles by atomic bombing.

___. Dune Messiah (portions originally published in Galaxy, July, September 1969). New York: Putnam, 1969. New York: Berkley, 1970. London: Gollancz, 1971. London: New English Library, 1974.
"Atomics" are referred to as banned in various places in the Dune novels. In one episode of this volume, a radioactive weapon called a "stone burner" is used.

Higgins, Marguerite. "Women of Russia." See under Collier's .

Hilburn, John Edward. The Last Days. New York: Carlton, 1965.
This brief allegory denounces militarism and promotes Christian love as the solution to world strife. The U.S. is condemned for its racism and cultural imperialism in presuming to "democratize" Japan by force after World War II. A "Psychical Love of Mankind Pill" is offered the human race, but the nations reject it and destroy the world in a nuclear war. The work includes several pages of poems by the author, and quotes the Bible and The Man of La Mancha: "To dream the impossible dream. . . ."

Hill, Douglas. Alien Citadel. New York: Atheneum, 1984.
Sequel to Warriors of the Wasteland. The aliens leave Earth, having found an uninhabited, less troublesome planet to exploit. Hope is expressed that humanity will learn from experience and not destroy its own world once again. The message is confused by the fact that the Slavers have been expelled only by relentless, ruthless violence.

___. The Huntsman. New York: Atheneum, 1982.
After the holocaust alien invaders take over the Earth: vicious Slavers breeding beast-men. They are excessively logical, and lack imagination. A young boy and his older companion who have been bred for survival battle the slavers, then head for the Wasteland to regroup and carry on the struggle. Sequel: Warriors of the Wasteland.

___. Warriors of the Wasteland. New York: Atheneum, 1983.
Sequel to The Huntsman. Adventures in the mutated Wasteland. The protagonist joins a group of rebels and discovers his sister with a band of women warriors. It is stated that the cause of the war is unknown. Sequel: Alien Citadel.

Hilton, James. Nothing So Strange. Boston: Little, Brown, 1947. London: Macmillan, 1948. London: Pan, 1950.
A mild-mannered British scientist's experimental discoveries in electromagnetism are stolen by his Nazi mentor. His wife stabs the older man to death. The final chapter is an account of his work on the Manhattan Project, told to the narrator after Hiroshima. The scientist is troubled by the ethical issues involved.

Hinz, Christopher. Liege-Killer. New York: St. Martins , 1988 (paper). London: Methuen, 1988.
In the wake of the nuclear Apocalypse of 2099, the remnants of humanity live on in relative peace within various orbiting space colonies. But in the twenty-third century, political schemers loose especially bred pre-Apocalypse killers who were placed in suspended animation upon the colonists. Society has rejected advanced technology and in particular military technology, but finds it must resort to ruthless violence to meet the threat posed by the killers.

___. The Paratwa. London?: Mandarin, 1991.
Volume 3 of the Paratwa Saga.

Hoban, Russell. Riddley Walker. London: Cape, 1980. London: Pan, 1982. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1980. New York: Washington Square Press, 1982.
A brilliant novel written in a carefully constructed future English based on the assumption that after a nuclear war literacy will vanish and orthography will have to be reinvented. Wild dogs are a major threat to the primitive people of the postholocaust world. The visionary hero sets off on a pilgrimage to Canterbury in search of the secret of nuclear power, which had destroyed the old world dominated by Eusa. Far from blaming nuclear technology for the cataclysm, these people hope that its rediscovery will somehow restore the vanished golden age of before the war. Riddley witnesses the reinvention of gunpowder instead. Moving and funny like Miller's A Canticle for Leibowitz, this novel is ultimately more serious. It contains a heavy emphasis on folklore and oral tradition--even a Punch and Judy show. See Paul Kincaid: "The Mouse, the Lion, and Riddley Walker: Russell Hoban Interviwed by Paul Kinciad," Vector, 124/125: (April/May 1985): 5-9; David J. Lake: "Making the Two One: Language and Mysticism in Riddley Walker," Extrapolation 25 (1984): 157-70, John W. Schwetman: "Russell Hoban's Riddley Walker and the Language of the Future," Extrapolation 26 (1985): 212-19, and Paul Kincaid "The Mouse, the Lion and Riddley Walker," Vector 124/25 (1985): 5-9. [More & More]

Hofrichter, Paul. Roadblaster [#1]: Hell Ride. New York: Leisure, 1987.
First volume in yet another postholocaust thriller series. This one begins promisingly, with a fairly sophisticated scenario of an escalating East-West conflict centered on Iran, leading to all-out nuclear war between the U.S.S.R. and America. Details of the destruction and of radiation disease are much more detailed and accurate than usual; but the novel quickly deteriorates into a typical rape-and-slaughter, vicious bikers vs. heroic vigilantes fantasy, this time set in central California.

___. Roadblaster #2: Death Ride. New York: Leisure, 1988.
Like the first volume in this series, this one, set in San Francisco, contains a good deal of accurate detail on damage wreaked by nuclear weapons, and the "action" scenes make up a surprisingly small proportion of the book. The hero has gone to the city to alert the Air Force to the existence of a downed plane inland, still loaded with nuclear weapons. This is a rare instance of a good vigilante eagerly and patriotically cooperating with the U.S. military. One unique theme is a sympathetic portrait of a gang of macho gay males who are persecuted by vicious homophobic thugs who fear them as spreaders of AIDS in a pattern clearly modelled on Medieval anti-Jewish hysteria during the Black Death. A sympathetic Chicano character--thoroughly assimilated, however--is another unusual feature of the novel (he's killed shortly after being introduced, however). An over-the-top rat stampede and a routine gun battle round out the book.

___. Roadblaster#3: Blood Ride. New York: Leisure, 1988.
This volume contains considerably more detail on the international background of the war. U.S. vs. U.S.S.R. submarine battles are still going on, as the Soviet Union invades West Germany. The plot is an oddly aimless one, with our hero and his companions fruitlessly seeking relatives of one of their number in Sausalito. The trip across the bay allows the author to describe his heroes clambering across the cables of the broken Golden Gate Bridge, and introduces a happily promiscuous young woman for some vivid sex scenes. Recrossing the bay by boat, the hero is told by the military authorities to return inland and secure the nuclear warheads on the downed plane, which he does, fighting off marauding thugs who want to use the weapons for their own purposes. Though many of the villains are killed, their leader survives to witness the missiles being moved to a cave, and the threat they pose persists. However, the series was not continued.

Hogan, James P. Voyage from Yesteryear. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1982.
On the brink of nuclear war in the year 2021, a spaceship is launched for Alpha Centauri, carrying machinery capable of creating human colonists at its destination. The world recovers from the war, divided into three authoritarian empires. Having learned that the colonists have been planted on a suitable world, one of these sends a second ship with more settlers aboard to follow them. The bulk of the novel deals with the encounter of the second wave with the original settlers of the planet Chiron, who have established a utopia, where money is unknown and instant gunplay settles all legal questions. Most of the new Earthlings are seduced by Chiron's charm, but some of their leaders are narrowly deterred from using nuclear weapons to subdue the utopians. As the confrontation is building, news comes that Earth has suffered another devastating nuclear war. Hogan's moral seems to be that human nature can be altered only if an entire generation is cut off from the rest of humanity. Then the infectious good nature of the utopians can be spread, even being carried back to Earth at some future time. Since the peaceloving Chironians make their points both with an abundance of sidearms and devastating superweapons, the novel can be classed with other stories of muscular disarmament. It is difficult to see why their reliance on deterrence should not lead to the same sort of conflict which destroyed Earth.

Holdridge, Herbert. The Fables of Moronia. Sherman Oaks, Calif.: The Holdridge Foundation, 1953.
A feeble political allegory set on an alien world whose inhabitants end by blowing it apart in a catclysmic war.

Holm, Sven. Termush. Originally Termush, Atlanterkavskysten. 1967. Trans. from Danish by Sylvia Clayton. London: Faber, 1969.
An understated narrative depicting the plight of the residents of an exclusive hotel/shelter who are eventually driven out into a nuclear war-blasted world after being besieged by other survivors seeking medical attention.

Hood, Hugh. "After the Sirens" (Esquire, August 1960). In Flying a Red Kite. Toronto: The Ryerson Press, 1963. Also in William F. Nolan, ed. Man Against Tomorrow. New York: Avon, 1965. Also in Donald Stephens, ed. Contemporary Voices: The Short Story in Canada. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1972. [According to a communication from the author, this story has been widely reprinted elsewhere, but no further details were provided.]
A couple and their baby, wakened in the night by the air raid sirens and learning that they have fifteen minutes to prepare, scramble to take refuge in their cellar. The baby sleeps through the attack, although the house collapses around them, pinning the man's legs. The war is over in a half hour, with no winners. When they are rescued and taken to the aid center they learn that "they were the seventh, eighth, and ninth living persons to be brought there after the sirens." All other area residents have died.

Hotchkiss, Michael. "Student Details Final Minutes Before a Nuclear Holocaust." Originally in The Daily Pennsylvanian. Abridged and rept. in U.: The National College Newspaper, October 1988.
The story of a boy who sees nuclear war approaching without his elders having done enough to prevent it. He imagines his own fate, then realizes both sides have launched. The last sentence reveals that the protagonist is a Russian living in Moscow. Interesting because of its attempt to view the nuclear threat from a Soviet point of view. Written by a student at the University of Pennsylvania.

Hotta Kiyomi. The Island. Originally Shima, 1957. Translated from the Japanese by David G. Goodman. In After Apocalypse: Four Japanese Plays of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1986.
The play is set near Hiroshima during the Korean War (1951-52). The characters discuss the impact of the bomb on their lives. One character has leukemia contracted when searching for the remains of his sister in the radioactive ruins. Another dies of A-bomb disease in the course of the play.

Hough, S[tanley] B[ennett]. Beyond the Eleventh Hour. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1961.
A Chinese invasion of Nepal leads the Americans to use nuclear weapons, which prompts the Russians to blockade Berlin. This action precipitates a series of escalations leading to a worldwide nuclear war. Hough presents a detailed scenario depicting how brinksmanship practiced in a seemingly reasonable fashion could lead to a disaster as the nations which depend on nuclear weapons for their world power are destroyed and the two which refuse to take part (Britain and India) inherit the Earth. In this respect, Hough's novel resembles Strieber and Kunetka's Warday. Some of the more unusual features of this above-aveage nuclear thriller include a patriotic French crew which bombs Moscow on a suicide mission to avenge Paris, secret antiballistic missile defenses which stop the vast majority of missiles from penetrating, and Western nations which bomb their own cities to destroy the Russian troops occupying them. Britain's policy of appeasement, unlike in World War II, leads to peace and prosperity, and India prospers because radiation effects a drastic decline in the birth rate. Hough seems to be arguing that nuclear weapons cannot be used to advantage by any nation.

___. [as Rex Gordon]. Utopia Minus X. New York: Ace, 1966. As The Paw of God. London: Tandem, 1967.
A nuclear war in the distant past has precipitated the development of a computer-run utopia which makes provision for its brightest citizens, dissatisfied with the Perfect World, to colonize Alpha Centauri. The novel contains little about the war itself. It is noted that the victory of the West in the fighting so alienated people that it paradoxically strengthened the hand of the Communists.

___ [as Rex Gordon]. Utopia 239. London: Heinemann, 1954. London: Consul, 1961.
Seeking to escape an impending nuclear war, a scientist persecuted by the government during a Red scare builds a time machine in which he and his beautiful daughter and her fiancé flee into the distant future. There they find themselves in an anarchist utopia of high technology and free love. Most of the world and its resources having been despoiled by the war, the planet is largely covered with sand which has been stopped from drifting by the planting of endless fields of a specially developed grass. The bombing cracked the Earth's surface and changed the outlines of the continents. Most materials are artificial; the sole energy sources are the sun, wind, and plant materials. The utopia maintains an ideal state of anarchy, with coexisting communist, cooperative, and capitalist enterprises, no central government, and a modified form of mob law which punishes violators for only one offense: malice. The utopia's major commandment--love thy neighbor--is taken in a sexual sense, with public nudity and sex, orgies, and sexually open marriages being the norm. In other nations less ideal modes of life continue, along with war and oppression. In its protest against conservative values and its bold stand in favor of anarchism, the novel is reminiscent of the utopias of the turn of the last century.

Household, Geoffrey. Arrows of Desire. Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press (Little, Brown), 1985. London: Michael Joseph, 1985.
This brief satirical novel is set seven centuries after the Age of Destruction (a devastating war followed by high levels of radioactivity).

Hoy, Jeffrey J. The Long and Winding Road. iUniverse, 2004.
Adventures after a nuclear war in the U.S. Effects of a strike on Los Angeles depicted in detail. From an online custom-publisher.

Hoyle, Trevor. Kids. London: Sphere, 1987. N.Y. Berkley, 1990.
A group of children given super-intelligence and telepathic powers by an artificial virus which escaped from a biochemical warfare lab use nuclear blackmail to try to force the destruction of all U.S. biological warfare weapons. In the end one of them detonates a traveling train loaded with missiles. Another variation on the "muscular disarmament" theme.

Hubbard, L[afayette] Ron[ald]. Battlefield Earth: A Saga of the Year 3000. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1982. Los Angeles: Bridge, 1984.
After three decades away from fiction, the late L. Ron Hubbard, a former pulp writer, celebrated his fiftieth anniversary as a writer by publishing this 819-page novel in the genre which first made him famous: blood and thunder swashbuckling adventure on a grand scale. Centuries after huge, nigh-invincible, vicious Psychlos have wiped out most life on Earth with gas and taken it over as a mining colony: some thirty-five thousand humans live on in scattered primitive tribal groups unnoticed by most of the invaders. The hero, Jonnie Goodboy Tyler, leads a motley army of proud Scots, Tibetan monks, Russians, and others to defeat the enemy, free the Earth, destroy their home planets, and dominate seventeen "universes" (galaxies). In a few short years and many long pages, humanity leaps from primitive barbarism to supersophisticated technological civilization. The Psychlos' weak point is the fact that when radioactivity contaminates their atmosphere ("breathe-gas"), it explodes violently. Jonnie uses this fact to manufacture uranium bullets which can kill the enemy. In an elaborate plot, he arranges to have live nuclear bombs teleported to the Psychlos' home planet, but to no avail: a shield prevents them from doing any damage. A similar, even more elaborate plot with much more powerful weapons proves more effective. Exploring old ruins, Jonnie's followers discover the unused U.S. and USSR missiles still aimed at each other, and salvage them. In one passage, a peacekeeping proposal often heard among antinuclear groups today is repeated: each group should be put in charge of the other's weapons, acting as hostages for each other. Degenerate humans called "Brigantes," who engage in cannibalism, public sex, and various other forms of barbarism, collaborate with the Psychlos, maintaining the traditions of ancient Fascism. The novel is very reminiscent of the hardware-oriented science fiction of the thirties. Women play only slight roles, mainly serving as victims to be rescued. Even the female Psychlos are stereotyped: they sell out for makeup and clothes. Filled with wild coincidences and improbabilities of all kinds, the work still possesses a certain cartoonlike verve. The author was the founder of Dianetics and Scientology. Made into a film as Battlefield Earth: A Saga of the Year 3000 in 2000.

___. The End Is Not Yet. Astounding, August, September, October 1947.
In a frame which opens but does not close the story the narrator is visited by the ghostly image of a Professor MacIlwraith who gives him a book recounting the deeds of his counterpart in a parallel world: Charles Martel: A Biography, by Le Chat a faime. Martel is a secret agent for a conspiracy to prevent the development of nuclear weapons by other nations, but encounters another gigantic conspiracy run by the Fascist businessman Jules Fabrecken (the name chosen to suggest German arms manufacturer I. G. Farben). The aim of this conspiracy is to encourage a nuclear war between the superpowers, meanwhile assassinating all independent scientists. Fabrecken plans to rule over the ruins. Martel joins a group of scientists appalled at what politicians have done with the nuclear weapons they invented, and they try to take over using the strictly defensive force Martel has discovered, called "viticity" (it is somehow the opposite of nuclear fission). The scientists' conspiracy fails; Martel is jailed, only to be freed during the chaos of the nuclear attack on the U.S. He escapes to a huge underground city in North Africa where the conspirators plot an even more extravagant rebellion against Fabrecken's now-successful dictatorship. Great stress is laid on avoiding the use of weapons of mass destruction. Instead the conspirators use broadcast propaganda, weather control, and other miracles made possible by viticity. Finally, Fabrecken lures Martel to a phony peace conference where they kill each other, but the revolution has been successful. At the end, two of the victors comment that their new state, guided by scientist-priest advisers, will be a worse dictatorship than the one just overthrown: a view which renders the story rather pointless and probably reflects Hubbard's general skepticism about government.

Hughes, Edward P. "The Wedding March." In J. E. Pournelle and John F. Carr, eds. There Will Be War, Volume V: Warrior. New York: Tor, 1986.
Desperate measures are taken to beget offspring in small villages in Ireland after most people have become sterile in the wake of a (probably nuclear) catastrophic war.

Hughes, Langston. "Atomic Dream." In Simple's Uncle Sam. New York: Hill & Wang, 1965. Place of original publication unknown.
Jesse B. Semple dreams of blacks stampeding over whites to get into a fallout shelter, speculates that down South, shelters will be segregated. He also dreams of being in a shelter with Lena Horne when the bomb hits. His wife asks him what the matter is and what time he came in. "I said, 'Baby, don't bother me with them kind of questions. I have just been caught in the fallout.' 'What fallout?' says Joyce. 'Out of bed,' I said."

___. "Bomb Shelters" (Saturday Review, June 6, 1962). In Simple's Uncle Sam. New York: Hill & Wang, 1965.
The landlord is raising Simple's rent, claiming he is going to build a fallout shelter, but Simple is skeptical. He imagines a shelter built for two, with each member of this family refusing to be the only ones spared. He maintains his wife would say, "If the bomb does come, let's just all die neighborly."

___. "Joyce Discusses Hats and Bombs with Jesse B. Simple." Chicago Defender, July 17, 1954.
Jesse and his wife discuss the menace of fallout recently publicized by the Bikini bomb tests, the aftermath of Hiroshima, and speculate as to the future possible bombing of New York.

___. "Radioactive Red Caps" (originally "Charged With Atoms Simple Takes Charge," Chicago Defender , July 10, 1954). In Simple Stakes a Claim. New York: Rinehart, 1957. London: Gollancz, 1958. Also in The Best of Simple. New York: Hill & Wang, 1961.
Simple fantasizes about nuclear war. White Southerners, he speculates, will be forced to let Blacks share their fallout shelters for fear of being contaminated later by radioactive servants and railroad porters ("red caps"). He imagines taking revenge on his enemies by spreading radioactivity. When the narrator asks him how he expects to live himself, he answers: "If Negroes can survive white folks in Mississippi . . . we can survive anything."

___. "Simple and the Atom Bomb." Chicago Defender, August 18, 1945.
Simple muses that the bomb was used against the Japanese rather than the Germans because the former were colored and says that the money used in building it would have been better spent on the nation's poor, including the education of ignorant whites who elect racist representatives.

___. "Simple Supposes What Would Happen If Our People Were Immune to Atom Bomb," Chicago Defender, October 29, 1949.
Whites would be eager to marry blacks if they could ensure the immunity of their offspring to nuclear war.

Hughes, Riley. The Hills Were Liars. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1955. New York: All Saints, 1963.
This is an exceptional work because it is concerned primarily with the importance of preserving Catholicism in the era after a series of wars beginning in 1964. Civilization has been destroyed; a violent, atheist culture persecutes religion; and few people survive. The novel is the story of a young man in search of his parents and his faith who eventually becomes a priest and then pope. In New York City, the hero explores the horrors of a wax museum, and finds a religious community living in the subway system, now become a new catacombs. In the zoo, he wanders among the bones of dead animals. Money and jewels are useless, but a pair of field glasses proves valuable. The religious community leads an idyllic life for a while in The Cloisters, but is eventually attacked by a band of savage raiders. The hero must learn to reject violence and embrace the Christian way. The distinction between good and evil characters in this novel is simple: the good characters are Catholics, and all the rest are evil (no other faith is mentioned). None of the characters seems to find the world's calamity a cause for religious doubt; the theological problem of evil is not even discussed. It is said that villagers used to stand by the railroad tracks waiting in vain for trains that never came--an obvious parallel to the post-World War II South Pacific cargo cults.

Humble, Richard. See Bidwell, Shelford.

Hunter, Thomas O'D. Softly Walks the Beast. New York: Avon, 1982.
Essentially just a horror novel featuring mutated slime-ghouls, although the opening is a fairly thoughtful treatment of nuclear war and the dedication says, "I hope this will do for bomb lovers what VD films did for me in the Marine Corps." The kindly doctor who has kept this small colony alive after the holocaust on the edge of the Okeefenokee Swamp through his special antiradiation serum preaches a sermon in which he states, "The greatest moral crime of our age was the concealment by science and technology of the nature of nuclear war." The book ends on a positive note with the birth of a baby.

Huxley, Aldous. Ape and Essence. New York: Harper, 1948. New York: Bantam, 1958. London: Chatto & Windus, 1949.
The first post-Hiroshima novel about nuclear war by a major author, this aftermath story is presented as an abandoned Hollywood screenplay. In 2108 scientists from New Zealand, where civilization has survived an atomic and biological war, are exploring southern California. They discover that most of humanity has mutated to be without sexual desire except during a few weeks a year, when orgiastic satanic mating rituals take place, mingled with the slaughter of defective babies born the year before. The few "hots" who still feel normal sexual desires are persecuted. A scientist and a female hot fall in love and discover the delights of monogamy, successfully fleeing the savage culture for a colony of hots where they can find happiness. See Rudolf B. Schmerl, "The Two Future Worlds of Aldous Huxley," PMLA 77 (1962): 113-18, and Jerome Mechier, "Quarles Among the Monkeys: Huxley's Zoological Novels," Modern Language Review 67 (1973): 280-81. In Magill 1, 78-83.

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