Nuclear Holocausts: Atomic War in Fiction

by Paul Brians

Nuclear Holocausts Bibliography: S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P  R S T U V W Y Z

Table of Contents

Saberhagen, Fred. Empire of the East (originally separately in three vols.: The Broken Lands. New York: Ace, l968. The Black Mountains. New York: Ace, l97l. Changeling Earth. New York: Ace, l973). New York: Ace, l979.
An epic fantasy set in a far-future postholocaust world, reminiscent of Sterling E. Lanier's Hiero's Journey and Piers Anthony's Battle Circle. Bizarre defenses have blocked nuclear warheads but altered the nature of the world, creating locales of good and evil, creating magic. The hero uses an ancient, atomic- powered supertank which he masters with surprising ease.

St. Clair, Margaret [as Idris Seabright]. "The Hole in the Moon." In Fantasy and Science Fiction, February 1952.
The Earth lies in ruins, the moon marked, by a holocaust. Part of the war involved the infection of women with a virus which made them promiscuous. The male protagonist fantasizes sex with a beautiful woman, then accepts a real, less attractive one who offers herself.

___. "Quis Custodiet . . . ?" (Startling Stories, July l948). In Groff Conklin, ed. The Science Fiction Galaxy. New York: PermaBooks, l950.
The half million survivors of a nuclear war battle giant mutants called "Blown Ups" who love death and are obsessed with destroying all life. When the opportunity arises to sterilize all the Blown Ups, a female scientist insists that they must be spared to remind the rest of the humanity of the danger of nuclear war.

Sallis, James. "The Anxiety in the Eyes of the Cricket." In Langdon Jones, ed. The New S.F. London: Hutchinson, l969. Also in James Sallis. A Few Last Words. New York: Macmillan, l970. A sequel to "Jeremiad."
Jerry continues his wanderings through various devastated landscapes, including Vietnam, haunted repeatedly by the thought of his dead wife and child in destroyed London. The image of a city in flames constantly recurs.

___. "Jeremiad" (New Worlds, Feb l969). In A Few Last Words. New York: Macmillan l970. Sequel: "The Anxiety in the Eyes of the Cricket."
The first of two linked stories impressionistically conveying images of holocaust. Jeremiah (Jerry) Cornelius, wounded refugee from the cataclysm, lives and makes love with another young man in an armored house on the brink of a crater. The protagonist's name would seem to be an inside joke. Michael Moorcock, who edited New Worlds, has written a series of novels called the Jerry Cornelius Chronicles.

Salmonson, Jessica Amanda. "The View from Mount Futaba." In John Mcloy, ed. Nukes: Four Horror Writers on the Ultimate Horror. Baltimore: Macloy, 1986.
In the distant past a buddhist warrior-nun was sent to hell by the curse of a priest, and finds herself in Hiroshima just as the atomic bomb falls. After viewing scenes of horror, she struggles with the priest in the ruins of the city, kills him, and finds herself back in her own world. The same nun is also the protagonist in Salmonson's three-volume Gozen saga. Sambrot, William. "Invasion" (Saturday Evening Post, July l956). In Island of Fear and Other Science Fiction Stories. New York: PermaBooks, l963. London: Mayflower, l964.
When the Russians invade West Germany, American bombers head toward the Soviet Union. The story depicts the very casual, cool behavior of the crew as they ignore radio news that the Russians have capitulated to the nuclear threat. They evidently intend to ignore the news and bomb Russia anyway. This volume contains two other stories which involve a near-war ("Deadly Decision") and the approaching danger of war ("The Second Experiment.")

Sanderson, Ivan Terence. See Roberts, Terence.

Saunders, Jake and Howard Waldrop. The Texas-Israeli War: l999. (portions appeared originally in Galaxy, July l973, as "A Voice and Bitter Weeping"). New York: Ballantine, l974.
In a worldwide atomic war, the British have allied themselves with Russia against Ireland, China, and South Africa. Only ten percent of the world's people survive, but of all the nuclear powers, only Israel has maintained itself relatively intact. The Israelis now make their living by being professional soldiers in the neofeudal world created by the war. The novel concerns a plot to rescue the president of the United States who has been kidnapped by the Texas Rangers on behalf of the rebellious Republic of Texas, which is dominated on the S.S.-like Sons of the Alamo. Bacteriological and chemical agents widely used have caused famine to be the major cause of death. The Israelis use women in combat. The only positive side effect of the war noted is that Dallas is now free of smog. The novel's premise might lend itself to satirical treatment, and there are a few humorous touches: renegade Indians confronting the Israeli tanks; mutated cockroaches. But this is essentially an ordinary pulp war novel, aimed at the market which enjoys fantasy war games. There are several nostalgic references to Vietnam. This is another case in which a nuclear war serves primarily as the justification for a conventional war which the authors find more interesting. [page?]

Sargent, Craig. The Last Ranger [#1]. New York: Popular Library, 1986.
The first volume in a postholocaust adventure series. When the war breaks out in 1990, a wealthy ex-Green Beret takes his wife and family into the shelter he has built and lives there for five years. When he dies, his rebellious on leads the rest of the family outside, only to see his mother raped and killed and his fifteen-year-old sister kidnapped by a biker gang. Using his father's training, and initiated by an Indian tribe, he single-handedly destroys most of Denver and the villains who run it in quest of his sister; but she has been taken to Pueblo, Arizona.

___. [Last Ranger #2] The Savage Stronghold. New York: Popular Library, 1986.
Second volume of the Last Ranger series. The protagonist and his pit bull pursue his sister's captors to Pueblo, which they discover is dominated by the violent and repressive Church of the New Darkness. Allying himself with an underground resistance, he destroys most of the enemy only t o find that his sister has been snatched by an evil dwarf and carried off to his hideout in Utah.

___. [Last Ranger #3] The Madman's Mansion. New York: Popular Library, 1986.
Third volume of the Last Ranger series. The protagonist is rescued from bikers by his dog and returns to the family shelter to heal and regroup. He then links up with a travelling medicine man who claims to be able to heal radiation poisoning, and assaults a super-decadent, sadistic plea sure place in Vernal, Utah, called the Last Resort. At an auction of certifiably non-radiated, AIDS-free breeder women he tries to buy his sister; but he is seized, put through a grotesque series of ordeals (including a fight with a giant whose face was melted by a bomb), and narrowly rescues his sister from crucifixion, along with a truck load of other women. Various climatic disturbances have result from the war, including an increase in the fall of meteors.

___. [Last Ranger #4] The Rabid Brigadier. New York: Popular Library, 1987.
Fourth volume of the Last Ranger series. Five years after the war the protagonist finds himself forced to go through brutal training and attack a gang of cannibalistic bandits under an old Vietnam War buddy of his father's: General Patton III. The crazed general plans to use a leftover nuclear missile against a gathering of gangs, but the protagonist turns the tables by uniting the gangs against Patton, shooting down the missile just as it is being launched. However, Patton has escaped to seek other nuclear missiles. Chernobyl is mentioned in passing.

___. [Last Ranger #5] The War Weapons. New York: Popular Library, 1987.

___. [Last Ranger #6] The Warlord's Revenge. New York: Popular Library, 1988.

___. [Last Ranger #7] The Vile Village. New York: Popular Library, 1988.

___. [Last Ranger #8] The Cutthroat Cannibals. New York: Popular Library, 1988.

___. [Last Ranger #9] The Damned Disciples. New York: Popular Library, 1988.

___. Last Ranger #10]Is This the End? New York: Popular Library, 1988.

Sargent, Pamela. The Shore of Women. New York: Crown, 1986. New York: Bantam, 1987. London: Pan, 1988.
Women live in walled cities, mating with each other and monopolizing technology, while men blamed for the nuclear holocaust are banished to live in barbarism in the wilderness outside. A rebellious young woman finds love with an exceptionally sensitive male. Seeking refuge with an isolated heterosexual tribe, they discover that the latter has reinvented old-fashioned male dominance. At the end of the novel they are still seeking a home; but the story of their romance has begun to transform both the female cities and the male tribes.

Sarrantonio, Al. Moonbane. New York: Bantam, 1989.
Werewolves from the Moon use nuclear bombs to shatter it, transforming the satellite into a ring whose light is capable of sustaining their power on Earth at all hours. A routine and rather silly SF-horror novel.

Sata Ineko. "The Colorless Paintings." Trans. Shiloh Ann Shimura. In Kenzaburo Oe, ed. The Crazy Iris and Other Stories of the Atomic Aftermath. Tokyo: Shiueisha Press, 1984. New York: Grove, 1985.
The narrator tells the story of his friend, a painter, who died of liver cancer induced by the Nagasaki bomb. He remembers going with his friend to an anti-bomb meeting, and ponders the meaning of the monochromatic paintings the artist left behind. The painter's sister-in-law is suffering from delayed atomic bomb disease. This story was first published in Japanese in 1961.

Satoh Minoru. Nezuni Kozo: "The Rat." In David G. Goodman, ed & trans. After Apocalypse: Four Japanese Plays of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1986.
An experimental drama blending images of nuclear holocaust with traditional Japanese religion.

Savage, John. "Trouble at Tuaviti." See under Collier's.

Savage, Richard [pseud. of Ivan Roe]. When the Moon Died. London: Ward, Lock, l955. London: Digit, l963.
A frame story depicts aliens from a distant universe who are studying what destroyed the Earth and shifted its magnetic poles. They determine that the cause was a nuclear war and listen to a tape recording left behind by Karsh, the narrator whose story makes up the bulk of the book. Living in a despotic technocracy, he gains access to a device for viewing past times and discovers that the history of the dictatorship has been concealed. In l999 (his own time is 2800 A.D.) scientists used nuclear blackmail to stop a threatening war, blowing up the moon for demonstration purposes. After a period of chaos, they begin to consolidate their control over the Earth, lowering clouds of radioactive dust onto rebellious towns. They create a sterile urban utopia where an immensely lengthened life span is combined with full employment by keeping most of the population frozen in the Chambers of Rest and wiping their brains of memories when they are revived. Love and imagination languish, technological innovation ceases, and poetry is considered a speech defect. Karsh seeks to destroy the dictatorship by broadcasting the truth and reanimating masses placed in suspended animation by the government to ensure full employment. The plan almost backfires when the dictatorship splits into two enemy camps bent on destroying each other in a nuclear war. In the course of his quest for the past, Karsh falls in love with the image of a young woman who has been frozen. He defrosts and liberates her. Karsh's tape ends before the triumph the story line leads us to expect, leaving us uncertain how the Earth died: of war, or of old age. An inept conglomeration of clichés. [More]

Sayles, John. "Fission." In The Anarchists' Convention and Other Stories. Boston: Little, Brown, 1979. New York: Pocket Books, 1980.
A teenaged hitchhiker who is picked up by an overweight, sexually desperate female drug dealer accidentally consumes a dose of LSD and finds himself transported to a bomb shelter where an old fellow, obsessed with the possibility of nuclear attack lives with his sexy young daughter. The old man tells the youth about his experiences as a Marine sent into Nagasaki after the atomic bombing. Caught in bed with the daughter, the youth flees.

Scarborough, Elizabeth Ann. Nothing Sacred. New York: Doubleday, 1991. New York: Bantam Spectra, 1991.
A woman captive in a old Tibetan monastery discovers she is in the fabled Shangri-La (called the the locals "Shambala") after the destruction of most of the rest of the world in a nuclear holocaust. Mostly a gruelling account of imprisonment with a surprisingly fantastic ending involving the fabled youth-preserving qualities of Shangri-La.

___. Last Refuge. Sequel to Nothing Sacred. N.Y.: Bantam, 1992.
Fantastic quest novel in which a young woman with godlike powers journeys outside the safety of the isolated Tibetan land of Shambala (the fictional Shangri-La), to do battle with ghosts, demons and other evils in a post-holocaust wasteland. she learns that the war was begun by Middle Eastern nations attacking Israel with nuclear weapons, leading to a world-wide conflict which destroyed almost the entire human race and wrecked most of the Earth outside Shambala. Simultaneously grim and frivolous.

Schenk, Hilbert. A Rose for Armageddon. New York: Timescape, 1982.

Pakistan has used a nuclear bomb against India, and a worldwide conflict looms. An elderly archaeologist dreams of the holocaust to come; as the bombs fall, she is transported into the past along with the man she has secretly loved, to get a second chance at life. Rather well written, despite its bizarre premise; but only incidentally touching on nuclear war.

Schilliger, Josef. The Saint of the Atom Bomb. Originally Der Heilige der Atombombe: Die Geschichte Dr. Takashi Nagai. Würzburg: Arena-Verlag, 1953. Trans. from German by David Heimann. Westminster, Md.: Newman, 1955.
A pious fictionalization of the deeds of a Christian doctor in Nagasaki during the bombing and afterwards. Contains an effective description of the damage and wounds.

Schmidt, Arno. The Egghead Republic: A Short Novel from the Horse Latitudes. Originally Die Gelehrtenrepublik. Karlsruhe: Stahlberg, l957. Trans. Michael Horovitz. London: Marion Boyars, l979. Salem, N.H.: Marion Boyars, l980.
In the postholocaust future, mutated creatures abound. The first one the narrator meets is a sexy young centaur. He fights giant spiders and encounters unicorns. However, the bulk of the story is a tour of an enclave divided into American and Russian sectors and called the "International Republic of Artists and Scientists." Lots of male sexual fantasies. Secretaries double as call girls. Aging Soviet leaders have their brains transplanted into young, healthy bodies (and vice versa). One male writer has had himself put in a female body. Young people's brains are put into Siberian wolf hounds and horses. On the western side people are deep-frozen. Both sides are repellent. Written in an experimental style with italicized phrases at the beginning of each paragraph, bizarre futuristic punctuation. The centuries preceding 2000 A.D. are called "The Happy Teens."

Schoonover, Lawrence. Central Passage. New York: William Sloane, l962. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l962. New York: Dell, l964.
The first part of this novel depicts proliferation of atomic weapons through the carelessness of the Soviet Union, one of whose allies decides to precipitate an East-West Armageddon by exploding a bomb aboard one of its ships in the Panama Canal. In the ensuing Twenty-Minute War, both countries are devastated; but the Isthmus of Panama is entirely destroyed, altering the course of the Gulf Stream and creating a drastic fall in worldwide temperatures. (At the site of the bombing itself, temperatures are high enough, at least at first, so that people can pull cooked fish and boiled lobster directly from the sea.) The most effective part of the novel deals with a French Canadian fisherman, his wife and ten children fleeing the new ice age, Noah-like, aboard his fishing boat. When he sees the strange light emitted by the bombs, he thinks, "But a light could not be wicked. Light was the first thing le bon dieu made when He created the world. His brother, the cur had always loved the story of the creation and had often mentioned that light was the first thing God called good. But this light had not looked good, so perhaps God had not made it." The novel downplays the importance of fallout, although a dust shroud of the sort now predicted to cause a nuclear winter does contribute to the drop in temperature. The fisherman joins the enormous crews trying to rebuild the isthmus and restore Earth's climate to normal. Scenes of savagery among survivors are mentioned only in passing, not depicted in detail. When the fisherman's son asks to learn to shoot, he replies, "I don't think you'll ever shoot a gun as long as you live. There's been too much of it, and it's gone out of style." Months of labor using conventional construction techniques make little progress; in the end the project can only be accomplished through the use of atomic bombs planted on the sea floor. Two years and eight months after the war, the thaw begins. Then the novel takes a bizarre but all too familiar turn as the generation of children born during the brief atomic war turn out to be a race of superhumans called the "Intruders," bent on replacing their predecessors. A ruthless drive of extermination is launched against them, but in the final pages of the novel it is revealed that the narrator himself is an Intruder. Clearly, they will prevail.

Schulman, Joel. "Nirvana Is a Nowhere Place." In After the Fall, ed. Robert Sheckley. New York: Ace, 1980.
The Comptroller of Heaven panics at the prospect of finding enough room in Heaven for Earth's billions when an impending nuclear war will end the world, and tries to seek room in the rival afterlife abodes of other religions. But it turns out that all the myriad afterlife abodes, including Heaven and Nirvana, will end as well. Part of an collection of "upbeat end-of-the-world stories."

Schwartz, Harry. "Miracle of American Production." See under Collier's.

Scortia, Thomas N. Earthwreck! Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett, l974.
A nuclear war begins in the Middle East as Israel is attacked and retaliates by bombing Egypt's Aswan Dam. The primary axis of conflict, however, is between the Russians and the Chinese, both using MIRVs (multiple independent reentry vehicles). The U.S., trying to stop the escalation, issues an ultimatum which leads to a worldwide holocaust which, with the assistance of a Russian biological weapon, renders Earth uninhabitable. These events are witnessed by Americans and Russians in separate orbiting space stations. Because the Americans have allowed only one, unfortunately infertile, female on board, they are faced with the necessity of merging with the sexually balanced Russian crew in order to perpetuate the human race. Anti-Communist officers, fearing Red treachery, almost succeed in sabotaging the plan, which involves colonizing first the moon then Mars. A serendipitous moonlet swings the station into the proper orbit, and the crew (placed in suspended animation), heads for its new home which will be seeded with plants mutated from seeds gleaned from space station visitors' feces and transformed into an earthlike place ("terraformed"). A child is born to the only woman to be rescued from Earth, giving the novel an optimistic conclusion. The station's psychiatrist interestingly comments that whereas devotion to his wife and family renders him emotionally unstable when they are killed, the fanatical anti-communism of another officer gives him a source of strength. There is a good deal of focus on sex; and a surprisingly sympathetic homosexual affair is discretely alluded to.

Seabright, Idris. See under St. Clair, Margaret.

Seymour, Alan. The Coming Self-Destruction of the United States of America. London: Souvenir Press, l969. New York: Grove, l97l.
A prolonged and vicious race war in America is climaxed by the use of atomic weapons against black enclaves in the cities. As the novel ends more atomic weapons are threatened, and a United Nations dominated by nonwhites is threatening nuclear retaliation against the white military junta ruling the U.S.

See, Carolyn. Golden Days. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1987.
A marvelous satire of upper-middle-class Southern California fads. As international tensions rise, with nuclear bombs being used in Central America and the Middle East, most people ignore the impending holocaust. A therapist suggests that nuclear war is a metaphor for all the other fears that plague us today, but the patient replies, It's my view that the other fears . . . are a metaphor for my fear of nuclear war. Much of the novel deals with the growth of a crackpot cult and the heroine s development of psychic powers. The narrative abruptly leaps from the brink of war to the aftermath in which civilization has been destroyed, the beach has been melted into glass, and the survivors, hideously wounded and starving, try to make the best of things. The ever-optimistic heroine continues to use positive thinking to deal with the shattered world around her, and to insist that all is well.

Service, Pamela F. Winter of Magic's Return. New York: Atheneum, 1985.
Five hundred years after the Devastation, nuclear winter is finally ebbing in Britain. The destruction of the ozone layer and the development of threatening "muties" make life hazardous, as do feral dogs. Into this ominous setting Merlin appears reborn as a young boy, freed from his mountain prison when its top was blasted off by a nuclear bomb. His magic works unpredictably and comically, but he renews his struggle against the wicked Morgan Le Fay. In the course of his wanderings he discovers a newly-evolved unicorn. At the conclusion of the novel he reaches Avalon, discovers Arthur alive, and returns him to Britain.

___. Tomorrow's Magic. New York: Atheneum, 1987.
Sequel to Winter of Magic's Return. Continues the tale of the struggle between King Arthur and Morgan Le Fay. Features a fourteen-year-old girl and her two-headed mutant dog. At one point it is argued that Morgan's victory would be a worse calamity than universal extinction through nuclear war. Morgan hurls Merlin and the heroine back in time to London, just before outbreak of the holocaust. Merlin succeeds in returning to the future and using the force of the exploding bombs to defeat Morgan.

Shaara, Michael. "All the Way Back" (Astounding, July 1952). In Soldier Boy. New York: Pocket Books, 1982. Also in Brian Aldiss, ed. Galactic Empires, vol. l. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1976. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1976. New York: Avon, 1979.
Men seeking new worlds discover a paradisiacal planet, albeit pocked with ancient atomic bomb craters, only to learn that the former inhabitants are about to recolonize it as part of a Galactic struggle against an evil race which has been destroyed in most sectors of the universe. The evil race is humanity, and the explorers are killed; but since there is no clue to their planet of origin, a fear remains at the end of the story that humans will prevail and rule the Galaxy.

Shafer, Robert. The Conquered Place. New York: Putnam, l954.
An exceptionally detailed and well-written thriller depicting the resistance against Communist invaders occupying the conquered eastern half of the United States. Most of the world has been overrun by the Russians and Chinese, and the new rulers treat the conquered peoples with calculated brutality modeled partly on the deeds of the Nazis in World War II Europe, engaging repeatedly in mass reprisals for acts of resistance. After an uprising, Youngstown, Ohio was entirely destroyed. Unlike most novels of the sort, The Conquered Place depicts realistically conflict between the regular army and the underground and the confusion surrounding an attempt to smuggle out an obnoxious but crucial scientist and his family. The style is vivid and powerful, the characters interesting, the conflicts credible. The Russian rulers are not simple cardboard villains. Shafer displays considerable political sophistication in understanding that it is not in the best interests of the invaders to antagonize the population too much. Principal targets of hatred are collaborators called "snooks"; again these are modeled on Nazi collaborators. Has a love story, featuring a young woman who rebukes the hero for being too slow sexually; but she is killed in the near-catastrophic ending by a stray bullet from the gun of the scientist she has helped rescue. The army has nuclear-bombed Center City as a diversionary tactic and as a way of ensuring the cooperation of the resistance. Little attention is paid to the hope for the future represented by the secret weapon which will be built: this is rather a story of individual character under stress.

Shaw, Bob. Ground Zero Man. New York: Avon, l97l. Slightly revised as The Peace Machine. London: Gollancz, 1985.
A British near-future thriller about a scientist who designs a device to detonate all the world's atomic weapons in order to force nuclear disarmament. He fails and the book's last line is "What's the use of trying?" The author seems to express no particular point of view--pro- or antidisarmament. The protagonist's lousy marriage gets more detailed attention than the threat of nuclear war.

Sheckley, Robert. After the Fall. London: Sphere, 1980. New York: Ace, 1980.

An anthology of postholocaust fiction, including post-nuclear war stories.

___. "The Battle" (If, September l954). In Citizen in Space. New York: Ballantine, l955. Also in The Robert Sheckley Omnibus. London: Gollancz, l973. Also in James L. Quinn and Eve Wulff, eds. The First World of If. Kingston, N.Y.: Quinn, l957. Also in J. E. Pournelle and John F. Carr, eds. There Will Be War. New York: TOR, l983.
The army insists on using robots to fight Satan's minions in Armageddon. The machines win, but Christ then appears, resurrects the fallen robots, and carries them off to Heaven, leaving humanity behind.

___. Journey Beyond Tomorrow (expanded from "The Journey of Joenes," Fantasy and Science Fiction, October, November l962). New York: Signet, l962. London: Gollancz, l964. London: Corgi, l966.
A comic, Kafkaesque modern version of Candide, written in the form of folktales told by various Pacific islanders and others. Voltaire's framework is followed in many details, and the tone is reminiscent of the Frenchman's as well. Joenes, a naive young man from the island of Manituatua, goes to the United States where he meets Lum, his guitar-playing, dope-taking hip sidekick. His story satirizes many aspects of contemporary life: the courts, prisons, universities, utopian politics, government bureaucracy, and the military. Joenes winds up in the "Octagon" in Washington, D.C., where he reenacts part of the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur in his wanderings through the maze of hallways. The U.S. has recently demolished Io, moon of Jupiter, in a bomb test. The Russians have responded by blowing up Neptune. Joenes is sent on a diplomatic mission to the USSR and learns that a border war has broken out between the Russians and the Chinese. On the way home an American automatic radar station mistakenly identifies his plane as an enemy craft and fires missiles at it, beginning a war of the U.S. against itself, each coast believing the other has been seized by the enemy. Lum and Joenes escape and go to Fiji, where Lum becomes a guru and Joenes builds an empire founded on the elimination of all metal by dumping it in the sea. When his fanatical antimetal policy is criticized, Joenes answers, "Man, you ever try to build a atom bomb out of coral and coconut shells?" The only civilization left is on the Pacific islands. Compare Poul Anderson's Maurai tales.

___. "The Store of the Worlds" (originally "The World of Heart's Desire." Playboy, September 1959). In The Wonderful World of Robert Sheckley. New York: Bantam, 1979. Also in Isaac Asimov, Martin Harry Greenberg and Charles G. Waugh, eds. Catastrophes! New York: Fawcett, 1981. Also in Walter M. Miller, Jr., and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Beyond Armageddon: Twenty-one Sermons to the Dead. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985.
An effective trick ending story. A man gives all his worldly goods and ten years of his life to experience another reality, which turns out to be life as we know it. It is then revealed that he lives in a devastated world and that all his earthly goods are a pair of boots, a knife, two coils of copper wire, and three small cans of corned beef.

Sheckley, Robert and Harlan Ellison. See Ellison.

Sheffield, Charles. Trader's World. New York: Del Rey, 1988.
The adventures of a brilliant, courageous trader/negotiator in the varied neofeudal kingdoms into which Earth has divided in the wake of the Lostlands War, which left much of the planet a radioactive wasteland. Some nations are rearming and are at the end of the novel poised once more at the brink of nuclear war.

Sheldon, Alice. See Tiptree, James Jr.

Sherred, T. L. "E for Effort" (Astounding, May, l947). In T. L. Sherred. First Person, Peculiar. New York: Ballantine, l972. Also in Groff Conklin, ed. The Big Book of Science Fiction. New York: Crown, l950 (omitted from Berkley edition). Rpt. as The Classic Book of Science Fiction. New York: Bonanza, 1978. Also in John W. Campbell, Jr., ed. The Astounding Science Fiction Anthology. New York: Simon & Schuster, l952. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l953. New York: Berkley, 1956. Also in John W. Campbell, Jr., ed. The Second Astounding Science Fiction Anthology. London: Grayson, l954 (not in the same title published by Four Square). Also in John W. Campbell, Jr., ed. Astounding Tales of Space and Time. New York: Berkley, l957. Also in John W. Campbell, Jr., ed. The First Astounding Science Fiction Anthology. London: Four Square, l964 (not in the same title published by Grayson). Also in Damon Knight, ed. A Century of Great Short Science Fiction Novels. New York: Delacorte, l964. New York: Dell, l965. London: Gollancz, l965. London: Mayflower, l968. Also in Ben Bova, ed. Science Fiction Hall of Fame, vol. 2B. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l973. New York: Avon, l974. Also in Martin H. Greenberg and Charles G. Waugh, eds. Hollywood Unreel. New York: Taplinger, 1982. Also in Stanley Schmidt, ed. War and Peace: Possible Futures from Analog. New York: Dial, l983. Also in Isaac Asimov and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. The Great Science Fiction Stories: 9 (1947). New York: DAW, 1983.
A machine that can view the past is used to make historical films with the twin aims of making money and educating the public to the true nature of war. When it is revealed that no one's secrets are safe, including nuclear secrets, the army seizes the device, its inventors are jailed, the people riot, and a catastrophic war breaks out. The policy of atomic secrecy is criticized as retarding progress. The people and their leaders are depicted as uniformly stupid.

Sherwood, Robert E. "The Third World War." See in Collier's.

Shinnell, Grace. "Atlantis Discovered: Meet the Skyscraper People of the Burning West." In Nuke-Rebuke: Writers & Artists Against Nuclear Energy & Weapons. Iowa City, Iowa: The Spirit That Moves Us Press, 1984.
A satirical account of our culture by an ignorant historian two millenia after the holocaust.

Shirley, John. Eclipse (A Song Called Youth: Book One). New York: Popular Library, 1985.
A group of Arab terrorists triggered an EMP bomb in space which almost set off a holocaust: three Cruise missiles had to be aborted, and fortunately two more were shot down by the Soviets. . . . The pulse wiped out the U.S. Banking system and destroyed the country's economy, as in Strieber and Kunetka's Warday. In 1998 a treaty eliminating all but small tactical weapons was negotiated. However, the Soviet Union has invaded Western Europe, attacking out of fear of the newly-installed Strategic Defense Satellites which were about to become operational. Although their advance has been halted by the use of NATO's remaining nuclear bombs, the war rages on five years after it began. Neurotoxins and gigantic building-crushing machines are being used as well. Most European cities are largely depopulated. The plot concerns the battle of a gang of rock-loving youngsters against the fascists who seize a space colony and threaten to take over the Earth. An author's note at the beginning states: This is not a post-holocaust novel. Nor is this a novel about nuclear war. It may well be that this is a pre-holocaust novel. The series is labelled by its publishers "The ultimate cyberpunk saga."

Shute: Nevil [pseud. of Nevil Shute Norway]. On the Beach. London: Heinemann, l957. London: Pan, l966. New York: Morrow, l957. New York: Signet, l958. New York: Bantam, l968. New York: Scholastic Book Services, l968.
The best seller in which a nuclear war ends all human life through blast or delayed radiation effects. Set in Australia, which had assumed it would be safe. By and large, people are passive, try to pretend life will go on, or plunge into a fatalistic frenzy of pleasure. The submarine captain insists on remaining faithful to his wife. Although she is almost certainly dead along with their children and everyone else in America, he persists in fantasizing that he will return to her; the Australian woman who loves him goes along with his fantasy, sacrificing her own desires to his psychic need to deny the reality of the nuclear war which took his family but left him alive, if only temporarily. The theme of sexual abstinence is part of a larger theme of breakdown and failure in the novel, in which life as usual becomes impossible in the face of universal death, and those who pretend that life can go on as normal are deluding themselves. Stanley Kramer's 1959 film version of the novel falsifies this aspect of the novel by satisfying audience desires that the couple should enjoy one night of love together. Helen Clarkson criticizes what she takes to be Shute's puritanism in The Last Day when one of the characters criticizes a novel clearly meant to recall On the Beach: "A man and woman fall in love. He's married, but his wife is in another part of the world and is almost certainly dead. So what do they do? They say: This is no time for dirty little love affairs. What a strange culture we live in! A culture where love is 'dirty' and a hundred megaton bomb is 'clean'. If Stone Age Man had thought life dirty and death clean, we would not be here today. I'm beginning to think that modern man is, quite literally, too dainty to live." Despite the criticisms made of its central scientific premises, the novel is still a moving and powerful depiction of the death of the human race. According to Grant Burns's The Atomic Papers, the novel was also rendered as a newspaper comic strip (p. 283). Remade as a TV movie, 2000. In Magill: 4, l603-07. [More, More, More & More]

Siegel, Barbara and Scott. Firebrats no. 1: The Burning Land. New York: Archway, 1987. London: Teens, 1988.
First novel in a series of survivalist tales aimed at young people. A teenaged boy and girl are sheltered in the basement of a community theater when nuclear war breaks out. They suffer a mild case of radiation sickness and are besieged by wild dogs. When an earthquake destroys the building over their heads a month later, they dig their way out to find themselves threatened by a gang of escaped convicts. They escape to head for California, where the hero hopes to find the rest of his family still alive. Compare with Tony Phillips: Turbo Cowboys.

___. Firebrats no. 2: Survivors. New York: Archway, 1987. London: Teens, 1988.
The protagonists cross a huge river on a raft, are taken in by a kindly old survivalist who teaches them various useful techniques and helps them destroy a pack of bandits. The hero and heroine take turn's rescuing each other from peril throughout this series.

___. Firebrats no. 3: Thunder Mountain. New York: Archway, 1987.
The protagonists take shelter in a cave, where they meet three young children who have been living there. They are rescued from a lion by a friendly veterinarian who, like Noah, is trying to preserve various animal species. Huge swarms of insects created by the nuclear war sweep over the landscape, but the protagonists escape and head west again.

___. Firebrats no. 4: Shockwave. New York: Archway, 1988. London: Teens, 1988.
As nuclear autumn persists the protagonists foil a band of slave-trading bikers and save Denver from flooding caused by a lake which was formed by the bombing.

Silverberg, Robert. The Election. In Elizabeth Mitchell, ed. After the Flames. New York: Baen, 1985.
The radiation is dying down and the forest is returning fifteen years after the Blowup, which, along with the ensuing Anarchy, destroyed from sixty to seventy percent of the population and disintegrated the United States. An emissary of the Provisional Federal Government, centered in Kentucky, arrives in a small isolated down to prepare them to participate in a forthcoming national election; but the residents are not so sure that reviving t he federal government is a good idea. The local political boss makes instead a strong case for benign dictatorship.

___. "The Four" (Science Fiction Stories, August l958). In Dimension Thirteen. New York: Ballantine, l969. Also in World of a Thousand Colors. New York: Arbor House, 1982. Also in Sunrise on Mercury. London: Gollancz, 1983.
In an undersea domed city populated by telepathic holocaust survivors a rebellious woman joins with three others in a forbidden act: to explore mentally the world outside. They have been taught that Earth's surface is now a lethal wasteland, but it appears lush and beautiful. Condemned to death by drowning, they use their powers to teleport themselves to land, knowing that the backwash from their escape will doom five hundred of their fellow citizens. The idyllic vision turns out to be a hoax by one of her comrades as they perish horribly in the still-radioactive landscape.

___. "Road to Nightfall" (Fantastic Universe, July l958). In Dark Stars. New York: Ballantine, l969. Also in Parsecs and Parables: Ten Science Fiction Stories. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l970. Also in The Best of Robert Silverberg. New York: Pocket Books, l976. Also in Hans S. Santesson, ed. The Fantastic Universe Omnibus. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, l960.
When the food dole to New York City is cut off by the surviving regional government in Trenton after twenty-four years of war, the survivors resort to cannibalism. A savage, fairly effective tale.

___. The Thirteenth Immortal. New York: Ace, l957.
After the Great Blast of 2062, a new dark age descends on the world. Animal and human mutants abound, and twelve immortals divide the neofeudal world between them. The hero's quest turns into a story of self-discovery and he learns that he is the thirteenth immortal whose destiny it is to break down the walls isolating his father's highly technological Antarctic desmene from the other, more primitive ones. "Machines have destroyed civilization, people said. But had they? No, not the machines. It was man's use of the machines. . . ."

___. Tom O Bedlam. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985. London: Orbit, 1987.
A story of contact with aliens, somewhat reminiscent of Arthur C. Clarke's Childhood's End, set in 2103 in a world contaminated by fallout from the Dust War, in which radioactive clouds were used rather than bombs. Religious cults and various forms of mysticism play a major role in the work.

___. "When We Went to See the End of the World." In Terry Carr, ed. Universe 2. New York: Ace, 1972. Also in Unfamiliar Territory. New York: Scribner's, 1973. Also in Earth Is the Strangest Planet. Nashville: Nelson, 1977. Also in Terry Carr, ed. The Best Science Fiction of the Year, no. 2. New York: Ballantine, 1972. Also in Lester del Rey, ed. Best Science Fiction Stories of the Year (1972). New York: Dutton, 1973. Also in Gregory Fitz Gerald & John Dillon, eds. The Late Great Future. Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett, 1976. Also in Scott Edlestein, ed. Future Pastimes. Nashville: Aurora, 1977.
In a future chaotic society plagued by violence, including the use of nuclear weapons in urban riots, wealthy travelers voyage to the future to witness the end of the world, but each sees something different. The implication is that the end that matters is the dreadful present. Says a time-travel company representative, "Of course, we have to expect apocalyptic stuff to attain immense popularity in times like these."

Simak, Clifford D. "Lobby" (Astounding, April 1944). In Groff Conklin, ed. The Best of Science Fiction. New York: Crown, l946. New York: Bonanza, 1963. Rpt. as The Golden Age of Science Fiction. New York: Bonanza, 1980.
Agents of the conventional power industry sabotage a nuclear power plant to prevent the implementation of the new energy technology, but as the story ends it is claimed that atomics will prevail and scientists rule the world. The atomic explosion which results from the plant's sabotage earns it a place here, although it is not strictly speaking an act of war.

Simpson, George E. and Neal R. Burger. Fair Warning. New York: Delacorte, 1980. New York: Dell, 1981.
A lengthy, complex thriller which concerns a plan to ship a planeload of scientists working on the atomic bomb to Japan to convince the enemy that it should surrender rather than be hit by the new weapon. A Russian spy ring operating in the Manhattan Project learns of the plan and diverts the plane, hoping to kidnap the scientists and seize the valuable papers on board. They are foiled by a heroic security agent, but the Japanese are warned too late: the bomb has already been dropped. The ending is hardly tragic, however, since the whole idea of warning the Japanese is presented in a most unsympathetic manner.

Sinclair, Andrew. The Project. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.

A mad scientist sets a test superweapon to hit Russia and explode all other weapons on Earth. Most of the novel is devoted to relationships among the scientists working on the project. On the last page universal annihilation seems inevitable, but has not actually yet taken place.

Sinclair, Upton. A Giant's Strength: A Three-Act Drama of the Atomic Bomb. Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius, 1947. London: Werner Laurie, 1948.
An American family reacts to radio broadcasts of the bombing of Hiroshima and the surrender of Japan, and years later must flee from the impact of an atomic attack on the U.S. The two most interesting members of the family are a nuclear physicist and his faithless, frivolous wife. He has worked on the bomb, later has security problems. In the third act, mysterious sneak attacks are carried out involving nuclear bombs planted in the harbors of ten large American cities. The Oak Ridge and Hanford plants are bombed from the air. As the family flees for a cave in South Dakota, the war spreads to Europe and the USSR. The U.S. has retaliated against the latter without being certain that it was the initial aggressor. Seventy-five bombs are dropped over a period of months. The family cave is invaded by three thugs, one of whom turns out to be dangerously radioactive. The physicist's wife leaves with them to set up a protection racket. Industry is being moved underground as the war stretches on with no end in sight. The son of the family ends the play with a passionate plea for peace. Much of the play is given over to satirizing the frivolous nature of radio programming and advertising.

___. O Shepherd, Speak! New York: Viking, 1949. London: Werner Laurie, 1950.
The culminating novel in the ten-volume series of Lanny Budd novels, set during the latter part of World War II. The hero, a secret agent and art appraiser for the army, manages to be on the spot for all the high points: the Battle of the Bulge, the seizure of Nazi atomic energy secrets, the capture of Werner Heisenberg, the liberation of Dachau, the Trinity test, the Nuremberg trials, etc. Budd is depicted as a friend of Einstein, Roosevelt, Gring, and Hitler. The danger that the Germans will develop the atomic bomb first is a theme that runs throughout the early part of the novel. Budd is briefly involved in the Manhattan Project as an observer, but hears of Hiroshima and Nagasaki from a distance. Much of the latter part of the novel is given over to socialist-pacifist preachments, as the hero tries to spend the million dollars left him by an aunt to promote peace.

Sisson, Marjorie. The Cave. Hemingway Grey: Vine Press, 1957.
In the distant future, after the destruction of New York (perhaps in a nuclear war), Prof. Adamson is exploring a prehistoric cave with his little daughter Yvette when another, catastrophic war breaks out. The two stay sealed up in the cave for years, waiting for the devastation outside to abate, then emerge into a Edenic world to become the new Adam and Eve. A 20-page story bound as a volume with illustrations.

Skobolev, Eduard. Catastrophe. Orig. 1983. Trans. from Russian by Sergei Sossinsky. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1989.
A ruminative philosophical novel told from shifting perspectives, set on a mythical tropical island which still suffers in the postcolonial era from imperialist domination. A varied cast of characters discusses human nature, the future of communism, and the madness of nuclear weapons. Two-thirds of the way though the novel nuclear war breaks out, a few characters find refuge in a super-shelter, but end by murdering each other. A remarkably gloomy view of humanity's nuclear future from a Byelorussian author.

Slesar, Henry. "After: Four Fables of the Post-Bomb World" (Playboy, July l960). In Anon, ed. From the "S" File. Chicago: Playboy, l97l.
Consists of four short sketches:
     "Doctor." A memory expert finds his skills are no longer in demand in the postholocaust world, but he finds work teaching courses in how to forget.
     "Lawyer." Because there are eight hundred female survivors for every male, a murderer is condemned to marry his victim's eighteen wives.
     "Merchant." The haberdashery business will thrive after the war since mutants will need twice as many hats.
     "Chief." Also in Judith Merril, ed. 6th Annual Edition: The Year's Best S-F. New York: Simon & Schuster, l96l. New York: Dell, l962. Rpt. as The Best of Science Fiction. London: Mayflower, l963. Also in Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander, eds. l00 Great Science Fiction Short-Short Stories. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l978.
White scientists seeking refuge from World War III arrive on a tropical island and check the natives for radioactivity. The latter are impressed by the magical power that the whites have to cause the Geiger counter to click wildly, so they kill and eat them. They celebrate, "for now, they too were gods. The little boxes had begun to click magically for them, also."

___. "Ersatz." In Harlan Ellison, ed. Dangerous Visions. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l967. New York: Signet, l975.
The ultimate tale of homophobia: the threat of sex with a transvestite he meets in a bar is enough to drive a soldier back out into a nuclear battle. [62]

___. "The Old Man" (The Diner's Club Magazine, September l962). In Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Microcosmic Tales: l00 Wondrous Science Fiction Short-Short Stories. New York: Taplinger, l980. Made into an episodde of The Twilight Zone, 1963, titled "The Old Man in the Cave" (season 5, episode 7).
The younger postholocaust generation rebels against the unseen elder who runs their society, slays his keepers, and destroys what turns out to be a computer. Without its knowledge, they soon die.

Slonczewski, Joan. The Wall Around Eden. New York: Morrow, 1989. New York: Avon, 1990. London: The Women's Press, 1991.
Small pockets of survivors of World War III find themselves enclosed in protective domes created by benevolent aliens while the rest of the world succumbs to nuclear winter. A strongly pacifist feminist story asserting the need to abandon violence as a means of survival. Deals conscientiously with radiation-induced diseases and birth defects. Compare with Octavia Butler's Xenogenesis trilogy.

Smith, Clark Ashton. "Phoenix." In Time to Come. New York: Farrar, Straus & Young, l954. New York: Berkley, l958. Also in Other Dimensions. Sauk City, Wis.: Arkham House, l970. Also in Richard J. Hurley, ed. Beyond Belief. New York: Scholastic Book Services, l966. Also in Isaac Asimov, Martin Harry Greenberg and Charles G. Waugh, eds. Catastrophes! New York: Fawcett, l98l.
Centuries after numerous nuclear wars the sun has grown cold and the human race has retreated underground. Leftover weapons are fired into the sun to rekindle its heat, but the heroes who fly on the mission die in the process.

Smith, Cordwainer [pseud. of Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger]. The Planet Buyer (expanded from "The Boy Who Bought Old Earth," Galaxy, April l964). New York: Pyramid, l964. London: Sphere, 1975. Most of this story and its sequel, "The Store of Heart's Desire" (If, May 1964) were incorporated, with other materials, in the posthumously published novel Norstrilia . New York: Ballantine, 1975.
Telepathic survivors of the holocaust sell an immortality drug excreted by their mutated giant sheep.

Smith, E[dward] E[lmer]. Triplanetary (shorter version in Amazing, January, February, March, April 1934). Reading, Pa.: Fantasy, 1950. New York: Pyramid, 1965. London: Boardman, 1954.
The first third of the book, added in the 1950 version, surveys Earth's history as the battleground of the evil Eddorians and the benign Arisians. Atlantis is destroyed by an atomic missile manipulated by the Eddorians. Chapter 6 depicts a devastating atomic missile conflict, and later chapters depict the use of typical thirties-style atomic rays and bombs in space combat. This book forms the introduction to the popular "Lensman" series, but was completed last.

Smith, Evelyn. "The Last of the Spode" (Fantasy and Science Fiction, June l953). In Groff Conklin, ed. l7 X Infinity. New York: Dell, l963. Also in Annette P. McComas, ed. The Eureka Years. New York: Bantam, 1982.
A satire in which a tiny surviving remnant of the British upper class carries on with stiff upper lip despite the nuclear holocaust. They confront with courage the ultimate horror: the possibility that they may run out of tea.

Smith, George H[enry]. The Coming of the Rats. London: Pike, l96l. London: Digit, l964. Israel: Priory, n.d.
A soft-core pornographic novel written in response to the "missile gap," which it discusses. The war is called the "Blow-Up." A Los Angeles ad agency executive provisions a cave shelter in the country on land belonging to an elderly Mexican and his sexy eighteen-year-old daughter. The latter seduces him. Learning that rats are more resistant to radiation than humans, he provides himself with cats, dogs, and ferrets to do battle with the anticipated hordes. He is also in love with an idiotic blonde who insists on keeping her virtue and who resists being rescued when the bombs fall ("Really! Atomic War! . . . Some men will do anything to get a girl to do what they want her to do," she comments). She continues to refuse her favors and services in the cave, nagging at him insufferably. Finally he takes a trip into a nearby town and finds it almost uninhabited as a result of radiation and bacteriological warfare. He encounters a wino with fistfulls of now worthless cash, desperate for a drink. A fourteen-year-old girl whose hair is falling out from radiation disease propositions him, wanting canned food. He gives her canned dog food, which horrifies her. He takes a dog from some men planning to eat it. His first battle with rats takes place in an army-navy surplus store where he acquires a few supplies. He comes upon a gang intent on raping a woman and her fourteen-year-old daughter; although he cannot prevent the mother from being assaulted, he works his way free and kills the men. When he returns, the blonde complains that he didn't bring the nice clothes and makeup she had wanted. The protagonist, frustrated, finally rapes the blonde; she responds enthusiastically. Three vicious teenagers kill the old Mexican and threaten to rape the women (there is good rape and bad rape in this novel: this is bad rape). The blonde sides with the hoods and must be rescued against her will as the protagonist forces them to dig their own grave and then kills them. He finally realizes that he has loved little Rosa all along, the blonde repents and together they battle an onslaught of giant rats (perhaps mutated as a result of bomb test fallout) in a scene reminiscent of the conclusion of A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. The novel ends with both women, having served as draft animals in the plowing and having become pregnant as well, looking forward to a prosperous life with the protagonist. The (very mild) sex scenes are written according to the rigid but peculiar formulas of late fifties and early sixties porn in which prudery is vicious, sexual generosity admirable, and women respond enthusiastically to abuse.

___. Doomsday Wing. Derby, Conn.: Monarch, l963.
In this complement to Peter George's Red Alert, published one year after Eugene Burdick and Harvey Wheeler's Fail-Safe, an insane Russian general takes advantage of a new Berlin blockade to make a first strike against the U.S. in order to force his country to fight an all-out nuclear war. The complete destruction of America by short-range missiles launched from Soviet merchant vessels is narrowly avoided when the hero flies to Russia and escorts a group of experts back to Denver to inspect the Doomsday Wing he helps to command--a battery of cobalt bombs designed to kill all life on Earth. During this flight he cleverly diverts some heat-seeking missiles into burning Stalingrad. The Russians agree to what promises to be a lasting peace. This is one of the better-researched nuclear war novels, replete with references to Herman Kahn's On Thermonuclear War (1978) and other works. It debunks the bomber and missile gaps. It also portrays a more rational Soviet Union (with the unfortunate exception of the mad general) than most. Perhaps to justify the building of a doomsday weapon, it stresses the inadequacy of our defenses against a nuclear attack: "The White House and Capitol were vaporized instantly and the Pentagon with its deeply buried War Room ceased to exist." It also argues that the navy has been allowed to shrink dangerously. Another passage seems aimed at protesters: "Another thirty-megaton weapon devastated Holy Loch, Scotland, catching two Polaris subs and their tenders. Wiped out with them were three hundred Ban the Bomb marchers who had been picketing the base." Communications between the two warring nations are made unnecessarily difficult by making it impossible for the two heads of state to use the hot line while they are in transit. An officious senator (the hero's father-in-law) tries to assume command and order the doomsday weapons to be used out of sheer stupidity. The lesson to be learned is rather unclear. On the one hand, the doomsday weapons are portrayed as monstrous, and those who would use them as irresponsible. Yet it is the existence of the Doomsday Wing alone that prevents the complete destruction of the United States and brings peace. A moderately happy ending for the hero is achieved when it is discovered that his two children have survived but that his obnoxious wife has been killed, leaving him free to love a beautiful colleague.

___. "Take Me to Your Leader." In Isaac Asimov, Martin Harry Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Microscopic Tales: l00 Wondrous Science Fiction Short-Short Stories. New York: Taplinger, l980.
A man travels from a parallel Earth to warn that the Russians have just attacked the U.S. in his home world, but the version of Earth in which he has arrived can't use his warning: the Russians are still ruled by the czar and the U.S. is governed by a hereditary successor of Jefferson Davis.

Smith, George O. "The Answer." Astounding, February l947.
Although the United Nations has banned the production of plutonium, the dictator of an unnamed country plans to create his own bombs. He discovers, however, that all U.N. correspondence previously sent him was done on paper especially designed to become highly radioactive--even explosive--if plutonium is created anywhere in its vicinity, turning his nation's offices into a huge bomb. Only known example of the world being saved through bureaucratic paperwork.

___. "The Undamned." Astounding, January l947.
After nuclear war was frustrated by the invention of effective defensive shields, Earth united and colonized Mars, which rebelled against the mother planet. During the Third Interplanetary War atomic bombing was resumed. The story discusses attempts to deal with a Martian telepathic bomb fuse that detonates when anyone thinks about defusing it.

Smith, L. Neil. Nagasaki Vector. New York: Ballantine, 1983.
A time traveler is plunged into an alternative universe when he flies his ship through Nagasaki at the moment the atomic bomb exploded there. He winds up in an anarchist utopia where atomic bombs are used for construction and it has never occurred to anyone to use them as weapons. A comic adventure story.

Smith, Margaret Chase. "Russia's Rebirth." See under Collier's.

Smith, Martin Cruz. Stallion Gate. New York: Random House, 1986.
The story of the building of the atomic bomb from the point of view of Robert Oppenheimer's Indian driver, who is set to spy on him by the paranoid head of the military intelligence unit. This well-crafted novel mixes history and fiction, dealing in equal parts with the morality of the building of the bomb, the paranoia about spies (the protagonist catches Klaus Fuchs, but his boss is more interested in Oppenheimer), and the treatment of the local Indians. At the climax, the protagonist sneaks away from his job long enough to win a prize fight that will earn him the money to buy a jazz nightclub, but he is killed in the end when he is trapped at the Trinity test site when the bomb goes off. Stallion's Gate is the original name of the site selected for the test. Smith, better known for Gorky Park, is, according to the dustjacket, part Indian.

Smith, Red. "Moscow Olympics." See under Collier's.

Snow, C[harles] P[ercy]. The New Men. London: Macmillan, 1954. New York: Scribner's, 1955.

The narrator's brother is a nuclear physicist working on the British atomic bomb project. After an initial failure, fission is achieved. The project is interrupted by the successful American construction of a bomb. The use of the weapon at Hiroshima comes as a shock, and concern is expressed that science will be discredited because of it. Physicists are noted as being more concerned about the consequences of their actions than engineers. At the end of the story, it is discovered that British scientists have passed information to the Russians.

Snyder, Guy. Testament XXI. New York: DAW, 1973.
An astronaut returns from an expedition to Bernard's (sic) Star to find the Earth, 136 years after the holocaust, a wasteland divided into feudal underground kingdoms. Detroit is dominated by a ruthless priesthood which wages continuing nuclear war with Chicago.

Sohl, Jerry. Point Ultimate. New York: Rinehart, 1955. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1955. New York Bantam, 1959.
In 1969 the Russians conquered the U.S. with H-bombs, having safeguarded themselves by erecting an impregnable barrier around their own country. They subdue the population by setting loose a plague virus which must be inoculated against every month. Thirty years later a young man who is immune to the virus sets off on a quest to find other rebels against their cruel dictatorship. After various captures, escapes, and near-misses, he joins a group smuggling immune women and children to Mars. One of the most fantastic of the Russian-occupation novels.

Soldati, Mario. The Emerald. Originally Lo Smeraldo. Milano: Arnoldo Mondadori, l974. Trans. from Italian by William Weaver. New York: Harcourt, l977.
A bizarre fantasy in which a man of the present dreams he has entered a future in which the Earth is divided into northern and southern sectors as the result of a plot of the industrialized nations to protect themselves from the Third World. "Satellites" (it is not clear what Soldati means by this term, they seem to be missiles) have been used to create a radioactive barrier called the "Line;" but due to an error, it bisects Russia, Italy, and several other countries. The northern zone is ruled by an East-West coalition called "The United Socialist States of America Europe Asia." Family life is discouraged, homosexuality encouraged to keep the birth rate down. Movies are prohibited, but the other arts are encouraged. The story depicts the protagonist's journey across the Line--no longer radioactive, although most people do not know this--carrying an emerald as a gift for a woman with whom he is sexually obsessed. His quest ends in disaster, but he awakes to discover he has been writing this dream in his room. Rather well written, and unusual in depicting homosexuality and masochism sympathetically, but the novel has little bearing on the subject of nuclear war. Compare Lan Stormont's Tan Ming.

Somtow Sucharitkul. "The Last Line of the Haiku" (Amazing, November 1981). In Fire from the Wine Dark Sea. Norfolk, Va.: Starblaze, 1983.
In the year 2022, on a dying postholocaust Earth, a philosophical whale communicates telepathically with a young Japanese woman, offering to teach humanity how to face death by radiation and plague. Whale embryos are implanted in her ovaries, to be removed and transported to another world by starship. When it is revealed that humans were the creation of ancient cetetian scientists, the Japanese realize they have been guilty of parricide in carrying on the whale hunt, and masses of them commit suicide. When her father kills himself, the young woman decides reluctantly to go on the starship to colonize a new world.

___. Starship and Haiku. New York Pocket Books, 1981.
Essentially the same story as the above, told at greater length. A moving novel.

Southwell, Samuel B[eall]. If All the Rebels Die. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l966. New York: Avon, l968.
The U.S. surrenders to the Soviet Union after a nuclear exchange and is occupied by enemy troops. America is forced to disarm itself of nuclear weapons. Washington D.C., and many other cities are spared because the Russians aim at conquest rather than mere annihilation. The novel is set in Texas, where a local oil millionaire organizes aid and resistance until he is arrested and shot. The protagonist is a professor at a Texas college who overcomes his liberal scruples and those of his colleagues to become a local leader in the underground resistance struggle, coordinated nationwide into an eventually successful revolt. The Russian occupation is ruthless: everyone must register, a curfew is imposed, the young are drafted into forced-labor brigades, all business and industry is nationalized, guns are confiscated as well as second cars; deformed children and the insane are killed, birth control is prevented; censorship is imposed; the colleges are controlled; Marxist study groups are set up; exemplary killings of citizens in reprisal for attacks on Russians are carried out; a Babi Yar-style mass execution is perpetrated, and food is exported from the U.S. to Russia while Americans are fed contaminated meat and vegetables. It is pointed out unlikely the Russians will respond to a rebellion by massive bombing of the cities since too many of their own troops are stationed there.

Most of the book consists of a very detailed and fairly convincing account of the building of a resistance movement. The objections of intellectuals and ordinary citizens who find resistance distasteful are mercilessly satirized, although the novel is not simplistically one-sided. The conclusion is ambiguous: the rebellion seems to be successful, but the last scene depicts the protagonist dying in guilt and despair as he realizes that he has failed to prevent the deaths by nuclear bomb (triggered by the resistance to kill enemy troops) of thousands of teenagers left behind in the evacuated city. He is blinded by the bomb blast just before being shot. His wife is depicted as hysterically foolish, his son and daughter as heroic. Comparable in theme to C. M. Kornbluth's much better known Not This August, but Southwell's book is superior on several counts: it is much more sophisticated about Russia and communism (although still clearly quite biased); it explores the reactions of people to the occupation in a far more detailed, complex, and credible manner; and it takes seriously the moral ambiguities involved in a ruthless resistance struggle.

Spinrad, Norman. "The Big Flash." In Damon Knight, ed. Orbit 5. New York: Putnam, l969. New York: Berkley, l969. Also in Norman Spinrad. The Star-Spangled Future. New York: Ace, 1979. Also in Stephen Whaky and Stanley J. Cook, eds. Man Unwept: Visions from the Inner Eye. New York: McGraw-Hill, l974. Also in Damon Knight, ed. The Best from Orbit. New York: Berkley, l975. Also in James E. Gunn, ed. The Road to Science Fiction #3: From Heinlein to Here. New York: Signet, l979. Also in H. Bruce Franklin, ed. Countdown to Midnight: Twelve Great Stories About Nuclear War. New York: DAW, 1984. Also in Walter M. Miller, Jr., and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Beyond Armageddon: Twenty-one Sermons to the Dead. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1985.
A rock group is secretly sponsored by the military which uses it to promote the idea that the use of nuclear weapons in Southeast Asia is acceptable. They are all too successful: the idea of a nuclear holocaust as an apocalyptic solution to the world's problems becomes popular. The result is an all-out nuclear war. [33]

___. "A Child of Mind" (Originally "Your Name Shall Be . . . Darkness," Amazing Stories, January l964). In The Last Hurrah of the Golden Horde. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l970. New York: Avon, l970. New York: Popular Library, l975. London: MacDonald, l97l.
An explorer reluctantly uses doomsday bombs to destroy all life on a planet which produces insidiously attractive females who threaten the survival of the human race.

___. The Iron Dream. New York: Avon, l972. Boston: Gregg, 1977. New York: Jove, l978. New York: Timescape, l982.
A frame narrative establishes that the bulk of the book is a novel entitled Lord of the Swastika by Adolph Hitler in an alternate history in which he remained an illustrator and writer instead of becoming fhrer. The nuclear war--called the "Time of Fire"--resulted in a massive mutation-screening program to preserve the pure human genotype. Feric Jaggar begins as the leader of a motorcyle gang, and battles the mutant Doms whose telepathic power controls their armies. His genocidal crusade fails to stop the launching of a devastating salvo of leftover nuclear weapons. Jaggar sterilizes everyone, plans to repopulate the world with perfect S.S. clones, and sends out ships to conquer other star systems. Like in much of Spinrad's other fiction (for instance, The Men in the Jungle), here he seems to deplore violence while revelling it. He provides his own criticism and self-defense in an afterword that presents a critique of Hitler's novel as a phallic violence fantasy. See Casey Fredericks, The Future of Eternity: Mythologies of Science Fiction and Fantasy (Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, l982), l02-05; Theodore Sturgeon's introduction to the Gregg Press edition. In Magill, 3: l062-67. [

___. "Once More, With Feeling" (Knight l969). In The Last Hurrah of the Golden Horde. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l970. New York: Avon, l970. New York: Popular Library, l975. London: MacDonald, l97l.
An American soldier on leave encounters a strange young Russian woman in a bar, a time-traveling thrill-seeker from the grim post-Big War future dominated by the victorious World Union of Soviet Socialist States. It is revealed that he too is a time-traveler--from that very war, in which he was responsible for the nuclear bombing of Moscow. She's turned on; he's disgusted.

___. "Riding the Torch." In Threads of Time. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1974. Also in Isaac Asimov, Martin Harry Greenberg, and Charles G. Waugh, eds. The 7 Cardinal Virtues of Science Fiction. New York: Fawcett, 1981. Also in Isaac Asimov, Martin Harry Greenberg, and Charles G. Waugh, eds. The Deadly Sins and Cardinal Virtues of Science Fiction. New York: Bonanza, 1982.
Humanity survives only in space after the Earth has been contaminated by the Slow Motion War. The hopeless search for a new planet is maintained by "voidsuckers" who foster the myth of a future home for humanity because they are addicted to the experience of space. A filmmaker experiences space himself, learns the truth, but makes a deceptive film, continuing the lie. A fine story.

___. Songs From the Stars. New York: Simon and Schuster, l980. New York: Pocket Books, l98l.
A postholocaust future rejects what is called "black" technology. A couple encounters a new generation of scientists which sends them to an orbiting space station containing tapes from a galactic civilization which will transform life on earth. A new twist on the old anti-technology theme. Muted optimism in the Heinlein vein.

___. "Technicality" (Analog, August l966). In The Last Hurrah of the Golden Horde. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, l970. New York: Avon, l970. New York: Popular Library, l975. London: MacDonald, 1971. As "Down the Rabbit Hole." In James Sallis, ed. The War Book. London: Hart-Davis, 1969.
Earth has been overrun by fanatical green bunny rabbits who respond to H-bombs with weapons like barf gas and suicide and love rays. Directly assaulted, they passively allow themselves to be killed, for they are militant pacifists who are driven to conquer but cannot kill.

___. "World War Last." In Elizabeth Mitchell, ed. After the Flames. New York: Baen, 1985.
A complex and bizarre farce concerning drug-dealing, kidnapping, and nuclear terrorism in the Middle East. A fanatical Arab plots to get the superpowers to annihilate each other and Israel in a nuclear conflict. A plane accidentally bombs the French coastline, the Russians and the Americans both bomb the Arab, and the resulting crater is turned into a resort. The Middle Eastern oilfields are set on fire by the conflict. The Russian premier is a computer-activated corpse.

Springer, Nancy. "Serenity." In Fantasy and Science Fiction, January 1989.

Spohr, Carl W. "The Final War" (Wonder Stories, March, April 1932).
A prolonged war involving many technological innovations, including electric ones, becomes more and more lethal, until the use of atomic weapons destroys civilization and annihilates most of humanity. Years later a world government is formed by the survivors, hoping to put an end to war. Effectively portrays modern warfare as self-destructive madness. Spohr was a German artillery officer in WW I.

Stacy, Ryder. Doomsday Warrior. New York: Zebra, 1984
Yet another blood-and-thunder anti-Red combat novel from Zebra. In 2089, one hundred years after a panicky Russian first strike on September 11, 1989, hero Ted "Rock" Rockson, the "ultimate American," leads his band of resistance fighters against the evil Russian occupation forces who indulge in all manner of tortures, including the use of a laser brain-burning device. Conflict between the KGB and the Party is a prominent theme. The Earth's axis has been tipped and 90 percent of all plant and animal species are extinct. Most of the rest have mutated. Ninety million Russians died in the attack that even more severely devastated the U.S. Russian Star Wars technology destroyed most incoming missiles; only twenty-four got through. Cities with large black populations were especially targeted, because the Soviets knew that blacks would make formidable resistance fighters. Radioactive "acid storms" wreak havoc. Contains the most stupid fallout shelter ever depicted: a vast underground city was created by trapped commuters in a highway tunnel outside Denver when it was bombed shut. The novel ends with a particle beam weapon being used to defeat a party of Russians.

___. Doomsday Warrior, No. 2: Red America. New York: Zebra, 1984.
More struggles with the Russians. The laser torture device is being used in Pavlov City to reprogram American workers into zombie soldiers to fight the resistance. One scientist predicts the sheltered Russians will eventually die, whereas the Americans have become hardened to radiation by constant exposure. At one point the captured Rockson is fiendishly tortured by being injected with an aphrodisiac and strung up opposite a chained nude young woman. She manages to escape her manacles and relieve his frustration. Toward its end the novel lapses into self-parody as the rebels meet jive-talking, motorcyle-riding Indians called "the Crazy Alligators" who model themselves on beatniks.

Stacy, Rider. American Paradise (Doomsday Warrior no. 13). New York: Zebra, 1988.

___. American Rebellion (Doomsday Warrior no. 6). New York: Zebra, 1985. London: Futura, 1988.

___. America's Last Declaration (Doomsday Warrior #5). New York: Zebra, 1985.
Landing in Lake Superior, Rock kills a Plesiosaurus (a product of regressive evolution ). He battles man-eating plants, is captured by French-speaking, panther-keeping Amazons who force him to have gang sex with them. He also encounters living metal filings. In a strangely anachronistic diner the locals deny a nuclear war ever happened. He uses his psi powers to win a car in a poker game. Then he combats cannibalistic bandits.The Russians are now allied with vat-bred Nazis, and have invaded the U.S. Rock develops a network of mutant telepaths and uses them to defend Century City (built in a tunnel outside Denver) from the invaders. One of the defenders is a heroic Jew. Technicians shoot down incoming jets with particle beam rifles, but one of them succeeds in dropping a neutron bomb which severely damages Century City, but does not entirely destroy it. There is a brief reference to nuclear winter early in the novel.

___. Bloody America (Doomsday Warrior #4). New York: Zebra, 1985.
A radioactive "Ocean of Death" erupts from the earth. Rock is captured by the KGB, tortured, and taken to Moscow, where rebellious starving Russians have recently been slaughtered. He sees rows of dissidents crucified along the highway into the city. He es capes, aided by members of a jazz-loving dissident underground living in the old subway system. He is recaptured, and forced to fight in the gladiatorial games with a three-armed fang-toothed black giant. Led by Rock, the prisoners defeat this and other foes and assault the spectators in the stands. They join forces with the jive-talking jazz rebels, who use ultrasonic instrument-weapons to free other prisoners. Rock destroys the missile control center, and knocks out the Soviet satellite system, then steals a MIG and flies to the U.S., parachuting down over the Great lakes.

Sequel no. 14 American Death Orbit

___. Doomsday Warrior, No. 4: Bloody America. New York: Zebra, 1985.
Captured and tortured by the KGB, Rock is taken to Moscow in the midst of a violent uprising by starving Russians. The latter are slaughtered, and rows of their crucified corpses line the highway to the city. Rock escapes with the aid of the jazz-loving dissident underground which lives in the abandoned subway system. Rock and his companions are captured and set to fight in the Moscow gladiatorial games with a three-armed, fang-toothed black giant. However, the prisoners turn on the audience in the stands and join the jive-talking jazz rebels who use their ultrasonic instrument-weapons to free other prisoners. Rock destroys the Missile Control Center, steals a tank, knocks out all the satellites, and escapes in an MIG to the Great Lakes.

___. Doomsday Warrior, No. 14: American Death Orbit. New York: Zebra, 1988.

Star Blazers. See Nishizaki.

Stevens, Julie. "Miles to Go Before I Sleep" (Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, April 1982). In Shawna McCarthy, ed. Isaac Asimov's Space of Her Own. New York: Dial, 1983. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1984.
Country folk blame city dwellers for the Great Conflagration and the germ warfare that followed. The heroine, using borrowed methane-powered cars abandoned by other travelers balked by broken bridges, is stranded in a rural town and fails to save a young man who had tried to escape to a city. She does, however, succeed in rescuing a young crippled girl. It is revealed at the end of the story that the heroine is a city Mayor.

Stolbov, Bruce. Last Fall. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1987.
A neobarbarian tribe which calls itself "the Survivors" struggles against the constant threat of starvation a generation after a nuclear winter. They annually reenact a commemoration of the holocaust. Two solutions to their problem of nutrition are offered at the end of the novel; one is hopeful an ear of corn for planting, the other ominous cannibalism. A grim and gloomy tale told with considerable art, although the tribe does seem to have developed a neobarbarian culture rather too quickly to be credible since there are still preholocaust survivors living.

Stopa, Jon. "Hot Water." Astounding, February l958.
A man uses a nuclear weapon to close the water-supply tunnel for Denver in an individual protest. The narrator suggests that this action illustrates that government tyranny can be ended by individual possession of atomic bombs. See Jack Williamson, "The Equalizer."

Stormont, Lan. Tan Ming. New York: Exposition, l955.
An amusing fantasy in which a department store window dresser falls in love with a robot mannequin and manages to conjure into its body the soul of a princess named Tan Ming from a postholocaust future. They travel through the countryside and join forces with an old farmer who detests the ranting of the apocalyptic cult to which his sister belongs. The narrator notes that the preacher's sermon depicts scenes resembling a "world-encompassing atomic chain reaction": "The day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are there shall be burned up." The three companions make their way into Tan Ming's time, which is the world after the Great Blast--a fact which it takes them an inordinately long time to discover. Few people have survived, disease is rampant, the sky is overcast, looting is frequent, there is no electricity, and even the calendar has been abandoned. Explosives of all kinds have been banned, and no science except medicine is permitted. Women outnumber men, and polygamy is common (to encourage fertility in a world where many deformed babies are born). Apocalyptic religion, magic, and witchcraft flourish, however. Evil magicians prove to be the worst enemies the protagonists face in their quest to restore Tan Ming's soul to her comatose body. Doing battle with a witch, the window dresser extemporizes the following spell: "One-zol, zig-zol-zam, / Bobtail, vinegar, tiddle-um-tam; / Nuclear fission, mushroom smoke, / Atomic blast I now invoke. . . . . Isotopes and bombs terrific, / Bloody Mary, South Pacific! / Uranium, Plutonium and Chlorophyll galore. / Pop-up toasters! Boogie Woogie! / Much worse things in store. / Alpha, Beta, Gamma ray-- / You must now do as I say!" He is successful, but her final curse thrusts him back into his own time in northern Ontario. He tries in vain to warn people of the approaching nuclear war and returns in the end to the future of his beloved Tan Ming. The message of the novel is somewhat confused by the fact that this future world is actually quite attractive, including a delightful trip on a steamboat right out of Mark Twain. This story of a meek little man thrust into a world of eroticism and magic is reminiscent of the novels of Thorne Smith. The dust jacket states that "Lan Stormont" was the pseudonym of the vice-president and general manager of an important industrial firm in Westmount, Qubec.

Strasser, Todd. Fallout. Somerville, Massachusetts: Candlewick Press, 2013.
An alternative-history young adult novel in which the Cuban Missile Crisis results in a strike on the US. The story is set in a family backyard bombshelter which various neighbors have forced their way into.

Strieber, Whitley, and James Kunetka. Warday: And the Journey Onward. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, l984. New York: Warner, 1985. Available on tape, read by Richard Lavin and Larry Brandenburg, on three cassettes. Brilliance Corporation, P. O. Box 114A Grand Haven, Mich. 49417.
Despite its unremarkable style, its rudimentary plot, its political improbabilities and its shallow characters, this is by far the most thoroughly researched of all the attempts to depict nuclear war realistically. It reads almost like a collection of notes on various studies and reports. The book consists mainly of a tour of America, four years after the war, narrated in a documentary format, complete with transcripts of fictional interviews, results of public opinion surveys, and purloined secret government reports. Warday is October 28, l988, and the conflict lasts thirty-six minutes. Because of the immediate collapse of command and control networks, the war is limited after only a few targets are hit, but the results are nevertheless catastrophic. By depicting a very limited nuclear war in great detail, Strieber and Kunetka make the point that even the most strictly limited nuclear war imaginable would be self-defeating. It turns out that our allies have made secret agreements among them not to join in an East-West nuclear exchange. With the two great powers laid waste, they are free to dominate the world. The U.S. fragments into semi-autonomous areas, some dominated by the British, others by the Japanese. America is turned into a collection of underdeveloped Third World nations. Warday' s account of the blast effects of the bombs is far more detailed than most. Civil defence plans are depicted as absurd and useless. The authors place great stress on the effects of electromagnetic pulse damage in ending industrial civilization and preventing communication in the stricken U.S., where bizarre rumors are the most common form of information. Seven million die immediately, sixty million of later causes, including plagues and famine. The ravages of radiation disease are depicted in great detail. Science fiction's mutation myths are debunked, though a few super-bright babies are born. There are great increases in cancer, sterility, miscarriages, birth defects, and infant and childhood deaths. Victims are triaged, with the incurable ones being denied all treatment except that of "witches" practicing traditional herbal medicine. The thinning of the ozone layer is mentioned, but its effects are not depicted in any detail. Warday is heavily influenced by the Vietnam era. The narrators are able to escape a variety of hazards by using their old army skills; the nihilist "destructuralists" they encounter near Los Alamos are familiar radical sixties types, and the Chicano dream of an autonomous nation in the Southwest named "Aztlan" comes from the same period. California alone is relatively untouched by the war, and fiercely maintains a strict immigration policy which is a parody of the state's depression-era attitude toward dust bowl refugees. Alaska has been sold to Canada. The British navy patrols the seas, tracking and destroying still-menacing nuclear submarines whose commanders are unaware that the countries they are protecting no longer exist. New York has been abandoned to packs of wild dogs because chemical wastes have made it uninhabitable, but the salvaging of its materials is a major industry. Among the more moving passages is a group of children's essays on the fear of contaminated spring rains. Near the novel's end a trainload of children being sent south to escape an impending famine is turned back. The novel contains numerous private jokes and references: for instance, to public radio (Moon Over Morocco, the ZBS fantasy serial broadcast by National Public Radio, and "Lake Wobegon," fictional home of Garrison Keillor's A Prairie Home Companion). Science fiction author Chelsea Quinn Yarbro turns up as "Quinn Yarbro," and other people appear under their own names. Strieber and Kunetka's extensive research underlines strikingly how slipshod most of their predecessors have been.

Strieber, Whitley. Wolf of Shadows. New York: Knopf, 1985.
A moving young adult novel in which a naturalist who studies wolves in the wild survives a nuclear winter with her daughter and with the help of the friendly leader of the wolf pack. Wolves and humans aid each other as they battle starvation, wild dogs, and attacking men. Finally they reach a southern region where the land seems to be thawing; but an afterword by the author states that the true end of the story comes when we decide, as a species to dismantle the machine and use our great intelligence on behalf of the earth that bears us, instead of against her. Strieber is the author of Wolfen and the co-author, with James Kunetka, of Warday.

Stroup, Dorothy. In the Autumn Wind. New York: Scribner's, 1987.
The saga of a Japanese woman's attempt to protect her family and find happiness and prosperity in Hiroshima over a span of four decades, from 1945 to the present. The bomb affects the family fortunes in many ways: one son disappears immediately, a daughter dies of leukemia, another daughter whose wedding to a hibakusha is opposed because of the danger of defective offspring, marries as he is dying of stomach cancer, another son is badly injured in a student demonstration opposing the rearming of Japan, and the protagonist's brother dies of cancer. At the end of the novel the missing son's ashes are unearthed. The protagonist spends her last day observing the August 6 anniversary of the bombing at the Peace Park. Despite the terrible toll the bomb takes on this family, the novel is basically affirmative in mood: depicting warmly the energy and love with which the woman tries to rebuild her life and that of her family. This novel is highly unusual in that an American author has tried to depict Japanese culture from the inside, as a Japanese might view it.

Strugatsky, Arkady and Boris. Prisoners of Power. New York & London: Macmillan 1968.
The adventures of a young human with superpowers who crash-lands on an alien world damaged by a devastating nuclear war. Most of the plot concerns the use of radiation transmission devices which are disguised as antiballistic missile sites but which are in actuality used to control the minds of the population by the mutant rulers. The young man becomes involved in a rebellion, but discovers that he is frustrated by a larger Galactic Security Council plan to save the planet. To my knowledge, this is the only Soviet novel in English to depict the aftermath of a nuclear war, even in an incidental way.

Stuart, Don A. See under Campbell, John W., Jr.

Sturgeon, Theodore [pseud. of Edward Hamilton Waldo]. "August Sixth l945." Astounding, December l945.
The first published fictional response to the bombing of Hiroshima. A brief sketch printed in the letters column defending science fiction's prognosticative powers in light of the bomb. [

___. "Memorial" (Astounding, April l946). In Without Sorcery. Philadelphia: Prime, l948. Rpt. as Not Without Sorcery. New York: Ballantine, l96l. Also in Patricia S. Warrick, Martin H. Greenberg, and Harvey A. Katz, eds. Science Fiction: Contemporary Mythology--The SFWA-SFRA Anthology. New York: Harper & Row, l978. Also in Frederik Pohl, Martin H. Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Science Fiction of the 40's. New York: Avon, 1978. Also in Isaac Asimov and Martin H. Greenberg, eds. The Great Science Fiction Stories: 8 (1946). New York: DAW, 1982.
A scientist sets off an advanced nuclear device as a warning against war; but instead he triggers a nuclear war.

___. "Thunder and Roses" (Astounding, November l947). In Groff Conklin, ed. A Way Home, New York: Pyramid, l956. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1955. New York: Pyramid, 1956. London: Mayflower, 1955. Also in Thunder and Roses. London: Michael Joseph, l957. Also in Anthony R. Lewis, ed. The Best of Astounding. New York: Baronet, 1978. Also in James Gunn, ed. The Road to Science Fiction #3: From Heinlein to Here. New York: Signet, l979. Also in Stanley Schmidt, ed. War and Peace: Possible Futures from Analog. New York: Dial, l983. Also in H. Bruce Franklin, ed. Countdown to Midnight: Twelve Great Stories About Nuclear War. New York: DAW, 1984.
The U.S., devastated by a sneak nuclear attack, refuses to retaliate out of fear of ecocide. See Albert I. Berger, "Love, Death, and the Atomic Bomb: Sexuality and Community in Science Fiction, l935-55," Science-Fiction Studies 8 (l981): 289-90.] [

___. "Unite and Conquer" (Astounding, October l948). In Groff Conklin, ed. A Way Home. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, l955. New York: Pyramid, l956. London: Mayflower: l955. Also in Thunder and Roses. London: Michael Joseph, l957.
A surprise nuclear attack on the U.S. and the arrival of mysterious satellites in orbit suggest that Earth is about to be attacked by alien invaders. It turns out both have been invented and manipulated by a scientist aiming to unite humanity by presenting it with a threat from outside. In a twist ending, the physicist's military brother realizes that he is responsible for the weapons and summons a hired assassin; but when he hears his sibling's full explanation, he switches clothes with him and allows himself to be killed in his place. "Unite and conquer," writes Sturgeon, is the obverse of the slogan "Divide and rule."

Sucharitkul, Somtow. See Somtow Suchartikul.

Sullivan, Timothy Robert. "The Comedian." Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, June l982.
A man finds himself compelled to steal children by a strange semitransparent man who continuously impersonates various film, radio, and television comedians. The stranger is an emissary from a post-World War III world seeking genetic material to revive the human race. One of the few surviving sources of knowledge of the past is a collection of comedy tapes. The police arrive just as the last child has been seized; but at that moment a nuclear bomb goes off, and they are whisked into the future.

Sully, Kathleen M. Skrine. London: Peter Davies, l960. London: Consul, l963.
A violent, wandering tramp is mistakenly hailed as a miracle-working healer in a postholocaust village and made schoolteacher by its leaders. When he refuses to become a party to the village dictator's schemes for imperial conquest, the people are turned against him and he is killed. Contains a strong critique of Christianity. Skrine, the tramp, argues that people need to learn to forgive themselves. Only very vague references to nuclear war.

Sutton, Jeff. The Atom Conspiracy (originally "The Man Who Had No Brains," Amazing, August, September l96l). New York: Avalon, l963. New York: Ace, l966.
An empire which banned atomic research was founded in l999 after the day-long Atomic War of l970. Now, in 2449, mutant telepaths are relentlessly hunted down, but they organize secretly to revive nuclear science for the good of humanity. Some of them, like Kuttner's Baldies, are evil, and want to rule the world. The agent sent to infiltrate the conspiracy turns out to be a secret telepath himself and joins them.

___. H-Bomb Over America. New York: Ace, l967.
As the U.S. and USSR near agreement on nuclear disarmament, Chinese agents manage to launch a Russian cobalt bomb into orbit, hoping to precipitate an exchange which will destroy the two superpowers, leaving them to inherit the Earth. While the Russians voluntarily allow the U.S. to bomb the launching site for the weapon the Chinese have taken over, the Americans also launch an experimental near-space vehicle which sabotages the orbiting bomb and redirects it to Peking. The resolution of this novel is somewhat ambiguous. The Chinese replace their defeated premier, and the U.S. and USSR begin serious disarmament talks--but the face of the world is not transformed, as in most nuclear political thrillers. The book suffers from a lack of tension. The plot seems promising, but is narrated in such a way that it generates very little suspense. An earlier Sutton novel with a related plot is Bombs in Orbit (New York: Ace, l959) in which orbiting Russian bombs are successfully knocked out. [

Swindells, Robert. Brother in the Land. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1984. New York: Holiday, 1985.
A young boy struggles to survive in the wake of a nuclear attack on Britain. Civil defense plans collapse and the military turns renegade, setting up a brutal dictatorship, shooting wounded survivors and poisoning the mentally disturbed. The protagonist and his little brother join a resistance commune. Attempts to farm the land prove useless as radiation-damaged crops sprout worthlessly. People continue to die of radiation poisoning. A baby without a mouth is born and dies. A Swiss Red Cross helicopter arrives and denounces the resistance community as Communists, forces them to disarm. The starving colony attacks the military stronghold and conquers it. But the future is grim. The protagonist, his brother, and his heroic girlfriend are on their way to a hoped-for refuge when the little brother dies of radiation disease. Hope is slim as the novel closes. The most pessimistic of youth-oriented atomic war novels.

Szilard, Leo. "Grand Central Terminal" (University of Chicago Magazine, June l96l). In The Voice of the Dolphins and Other Stories. New York: Simon & Schuster, l96l. London: Gollancz, 1961. London: Sphere, 1967. Also in Groff Conklin, ed. Great Science Fiction by Scientists. New York: Collier, l962. Also in Robert Pierce, ed. Science Fiction 2. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1973.
Visiting aliens are puzzled by the disappearance of all life on Earth, seemingly caused by uranium explosions. One of them argues that a race which could invent pay toilets would also be capable of the unparalleled folly of intraspecies warfare.

___. "My Trial as a War Criminal" (University of Chicago Law Review, Fall l949). In The Voice of the Dolphins and Other Stories. New York: Simon & Schuster, l96l. London: Gollancz, l96l. London: Sphere, l967. Also in Judith Merril, ed. 7th Annual Edition: The Year's Best S-F. New York: Simon & Schuster, l962. New York: Dell, l963. As The Best of Science Fiction 2. London: Mayflower, l964.
After the Russians conquer the U.S. with bacteriological warfare, all of the scientists who worked on the nuclear bomb are arrested and brought to trial under the principles enunciated at Nuremberg. Szilard's defense is ineffectual, but the trial comes abruptly to a halt when the Russians prove not to be immune to the virus they have unleashed against America.

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