Hunting &GatheringAgriculture
small bands (25-250), semi-nomadic existencesedentism, expanding population
seasonal migrationpermanent living sites
wide variety of food sources (typically 350 plant varieties)replaces diversity with monoculture
exploits territory extensivelyexploits intensively
security through diversitysecurity through specialization
small (portable) tool kit tool kit, technology expands exponentially


Social Organization/Control

Hunting &GatheringAgriculture
communal lifeprivate life, property increasing
little specialization in social or economic rolessocial and economic specialization
gender roles (?) gender-specific roles
relatively egalitariansocial hierarchy emerges
cultural/technical information is widely diffused cultural/technical information expands and becomes a form of property
custom, tradition rulecoercion becomes necessary

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