and Social History
Third national census records 7,239,881 people
John Jacob Astor founds the Pacific Fur Company.
In 1811, this company establishes a trading post at Astoria at the mouth
of the Oregon River. Astor loses this post during the War of 1812.
Jared Ingersoll (1782-1862), Inchiquin, the Jesuit's Letters,
a volume defending the American scene against the criticisms of English
|7 November. Battle of Tippecanoe at
which William Henry Harrison and his troops engage Shawnee and Creek forces
led by The Prophet. Tecumseh has earlier sought allies among the
Creek Indian tribes.
State of Louisiana enters the union.
1 June. Despite the opposition of
most New England and Middle Atlantic states, President Madison asks for
a declaration of war against Great Britain because of the impressment of
seamen and the blockade of American ports. War is declared on 19 June.
The British attack Sacketts Harbor, New York, on Lake Ontario in early
James Madison re-elected to a second term as
president, defeating New York's DeWitt Clinton.
Kirke Paulding (1778-1860), The
Diverting History of John Bull and Brother Jonathan, a satiric account
of the founding and rebellion of the American colonies
of 1812 continues as various negotiations break down.
of HMS Shannon firing a broadside at the US frigate Chesapeake off Boston
Harbor on 1 June 1813 courtesy of the War
of 1812 website.)
5 October. Death of Tecumseh and defeat
of the British in the Battle of the Thames (north of Lake Erie).
17 December. Embargo on British trade
Act is officially repealed.
Creek War ends with the Creek nation ceding two-thirds
of its land in southern Georgia to the U. S.
August. British forces invade Washington and set fire to the Capitol,
the White House, and other buildings. (Image courtesy of
of American Political History site.)
11 September. American naval forces gain
control of Lake Champlain.
Congress purchases Thomas Jefferson's 7,000-volume
library to replace the books burned in the Library of Congress.
24 December. Treaty
of Ghent ends the War of 1812.
Francis Cabot Lowell builds the first American
factory to combine cotton weaving and spinning in Waltham, Massachusetts.
||Francis Scott Key, "The
|8 January. Unaware that the War of
1812 has ended, the British attack Andrew Jackson in New Orleans, losing
2,036 soldiers. U. S. casualties include eight killed and 13 wounded.
The North American Review (1815-1939)
In Philadelphia, African Americans establish
the first African Methodist Church.
This is the "year of no summer" in New England;
10 inches of snow fall in Massachusetts in June.
Indiana is admitted to the union as a free state.
Founding of American Colonization Society, the
purpose of which is to return freed slaves to Africa.
James Monroe is inaugurated as fifth president
of the U. S.
N. Y. legislature authorizes construction of
the Erie Canal, which opens in 1825.
of Good Feeling" ensues since both Democratic-Republicans and Federalists
are pleased at Monroe's election.
Cullen Bryant, "Thanatopsis"
First Pension Act provides for veterans of the
Congress limits the number of stripes on the
flag to 13 for the original colonies.
Andrew Jackson begins his
First Seminole War campaign in Florida.
Cullen Bryant, "To a Waterfowl"
Arkansas County of the Missouri Territory reorganized
as the Arkansas Territory.
Congress offers a $50 reward for reporting
the illegal importation of slaves into the United States.
Ellery Channing's sermon "Unitarian Christianity" underscores the
differences between Unitarians and other Christian denominations.
Irving's "Rip Van Winkle" appears in the May 1819 first installment
of The Sketch Book
Mordecai Noah's drama She Would Be a Soldier
produced and then published. It is the story of Christine, who disguises
herself as a soldier during the Battle of Chippewa (5 July 1814) and is
rescued by the American soldier she loves.