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Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman: Selected Secondary Bibliography

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Aarons, Victoria. "A Community of Women: Surviving Marriage in the Wilderness." Portraits of Marriage in Literature. Eds. Anne C. Hargrove and Maurine Magliocco. Macomb, IL: Essays in Lit., 1984. 141-149.

Alaimo, Stacy. Undomesticated Ground : Recasting Nature as Feminist Space. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2000.

Anderson, Donald R. "Giles Corey and the Pressing Past."  American Transcendental Quarterly 14.2 (Jun 2000): 113-128.

Ashton, Susanna. "Veribly a Purple Cow: The Whole Family and the Collaborative Search for Coherence." Studies in the Novel 33.1 (2001): 51-79.

Bader, Julia. "The Dissolving Vision: Realism in Jewett, Freeman, and Gilman." American Realism: New Essays. Ed. Eric J. Sundquist. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1982. 176-198.

Barnstone, Aliki. "Houses within Houses: Emily Dickinson and Mary Wilkins Freeman's 'A New England Nun'." The Centennial Review 28.2 (1984): 129-145.

Bauer, Dale M. "The Politics of Collaboration in The Whole Family." Doan, Laura L. (ed. & introd.); Auerbach, Nina (fwd.) Old Maids to Radical Spinsters: Unmarried Women in the Twentieth-Century Novel. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991. 107-22.

Behling, Laura L. "Detecting Deviation in Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's 'The Long Arm'." American Literary Realism 31.1 (1998): 75-91.

Bendixen, Alfred. The Wind in the Rose-Bush and Other Stories of the Supernatural. Chicago: Academy Chicago, 1986.

Berkson, Dorothy. "'A Goddess behind a Sordid Veil': The Domestic Heroine Meets the Labor Novel in Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's The Portion of Labor." Redefining the Political Novel: American Women Writers, 1797-1901. Ed. Sharon M. Harris. Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1995. 149-68.

Bernardi, Debra. "'the Right to Be Let Alone': Mary Wilkins Freeman and the Right to a 'Private Share'." Our Sisters' Keepers : Nineteenth-Century Benevolence Literature by American Women. Eds. Jill Bergman and Debra Bernardi. Tuscaloosa, AL: U of Alabama P, 2005. x, 299 pp.

Blum, Virginia L. "Mary Wilkins Freeman and the Taste of Necessity." American Literature 65.1 (1993): 69-94.

Brand, Alice Glarden. "Mary Wilkins Freeman: Misanthropy as Propaganda." New England Quarterly 50 (1977): 83-100.

Brown, Lynda. "Anderson's Wing Biddlebaum and Freeman's Louisa Ellis." Studies in Short Fiction 27.3 (1990): 413-14.

Camfield, Gregg. "'I never saw anything at once so pathetic and funny': Humor in the stories of Mary Wilkins Freeman." American Transcendental Quarterly 14.2 (Jun 2000): 215-232.

Campbell, Donna M. "Howells' Untrustworthy Realist: Mary Wilkins Freeman." American Literary Realism 38.2 (2006): 115-31.

---. "'Where Are the Ladies?' Wharton, Glasgow, and American Women Naturalists." Studies in American Naturalism 1.1-2 (2006): 152-69.

Carter, James Bucky. "Princes, Beasts, or Royal Pains: Men and Masculinity in the Revisionist Fairy Tales of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman." Marvels & Tales: Journal of Fairy-Tale Studies 20.1 (2006): 3, 30-46.

Cherciu, Lucia. "'a Veritable Guest to Her Own Self': Mary Wilkins Freeman's Humorous Short Stories." Journal of the Short Story in English 35 (2000): 21-41.

Church, Joseph. "Reconstructing Woman's Place in Freeman's 'The Revolt of 'Mother'." Colby Quarterly 26.3 (1990): 195-200.

Couch, Ben. "The No-Man's-Land of 'a New England Nun'." Studies in Short Fiction 35.2 (1998): 187-98.

Crowley, John W. "Freeman's Yankee Tragedy: 'Amanda and Love'." Markham Review 5 (1976): 58-60.

Csicsila, Joseph. "Louisa Ellis and the Unpardonable Sin: Alienation from the Community of Human Experience as Theme in Mary Wilkins Freeman's 'A New England Nun'." American Literary Realism 30.3 (1998): 1-13.

Cutter, Martha J. "Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's Two New England Nuns." Colby Quarterly 26.4 (1990): 213-225.

Cutter, Martha J. "Frontiers of Language: Engendering Discourse in 'The Revolt of 'Mother'." American Literature 63.2 (1991): 279-91.

Cutter, Martha J. "Beyond Stereotypes: Mary Wilkins Freeman's Radical Critique of Nineteenth-Century Cults of Femininity." Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 21.4 (1992): 383-95.

Daniel, Janice B. "Freeman's A Church Mouse." Explicator 53.1 (1994): 43-44.

Daniel, Janice. "Redefining Place: Femes Covert in the Stories of Mary Wilkins Freeman." Studies in Short Fiction 33.1 (1996): 69-76.

Dixon, Terrell F. "Nature, Gender, and Community: Mary Wilkins Freeman's Ecofiction." Beyond Nature Writings: Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocriticism. Eds. Karla Armbruster and Kathleen R. Wallace. Under the Sign of Nature: Explorations in Ecocriticism: UP of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 2001. x, 372.

Donovan, Josephine. "Silence or Capitulation: Prepatriarchal 'Mothers' Gardens' in Jewett and Freeman." Studies in Short Fiction 23.1 (1986): 43-48.

Donovan, Josephine. "Women's Masterpieces." Challenging Boundaries: Gender and Periodization. Eds. Joyce W. Warren and Margaret Dickie: U of Georgia P, Athens, GA, 2000. xxiv, 296.

Elbert, Monika M. "Mary Wilkins Freeman's Devious Women, Harper's Bazaar, and the Rhetoric of Advertising." Essays in Literature 20.2 (1993): 251-72.

Elbert, Monika M. "The Displacement of Desire: Consumerism and Fetishism in Mary Wilkins Freeman's Fiction." Legacy 19.2 (2002): 192-215.

Elrod, Eileen Rezarri. "Rebellion, Restraint, and New England Religion: The Ambivalent Feminism of Mary Wilkins Freeman." Literary Calvinism and Nineteenth-Century American Women Authors. Ed. Michael Schuldiner. Studies in Puritan American Spirituality (SPAS). Series No: 6. Lewiston, NY: Mellen, 1997. 225-63.

Eppard, Philip B. "Local Colorists: Sarah Orne Jewett, Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, and Mary N. Murfree." American Women Writers: Bibliographical Essays. Eds. Maurice Duke, Jackson R. Bryer and M. Thomas Inge. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983. 21-46.

Eppard, Philip, and Mary Reichardt. "A Checklist of Uncollected Short Fiction by Mary Wilkins Freeman." American Literary Realism 23.1 (1990): 70-74.

Fienberg, Lorne. "Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's 'Soft Diurnal Commotion': Women's Work and Strategies of Containment." The New England Quarterly 62.4 (1989): 483-504.

Fisken, Beth Wynne. "'Unusual' People in a 'Usual Place': 'The Balking of Christopher' by Mary Wilkins Freeman." Colby Library Quarterly 21.2 (1985): 99-103.

Gardner, Kate. "The Subversion of Genre in the Short Stories of Mary Wilkins Freeman." The New England Quarterly 65.3 (1992): 447-68.

Gentile, Kathy Justice. "Supernatural Transmissions: Turn-of-the-Century Ghosts in American Women's Fiction: Jewett, Freeman, Wharton, and Gilman." Approaches to Teaching Gothic Fiction: The British and American Traditions. Eds. Diane Long Hoeveler and Tamar Heller. Approaches to Teaching World Literature (Atwl) Number: 79: Modern Language Association of America, New York, NY, 2003. xiv, 310.

Getz, John. "Mary Wilkins Freeman and Sherwood Anderson: Confluence or Influence." Midamerica: The Yearbook of the Society for the Study of Midwestern Literature 19 (1992): 74-86.

Glasser, Leah Blatt. "Mary E. Wilkins Freeman: The Stranger in the Mirror." Massachusetts Review 25.2 (1984): 323-339.

Glasser, Leah Blatt. "Legacy Profile: Mary E. Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930)." Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers 4.1 (1987): 37-45.

Glasser, Leah Blatt. In a Closet Hidden: The Life and Work of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1996.

Grasso, Linda. "'Thwarted Life, Mighty Hunger, Unfinished Work': The Legacy of Nineteenth-Century Women Writing in America." American Transcendental Quarterly 8.2 (1994): 97-118.

Hamblen, Abigail Ann. The New England Art of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, 1966.

Harris, Susan K. "Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's 'a New England Nun' and the Dilemma of the Woman Artist." Studies in American Humor 3.9 (2002): 27-38.

Howard, June. Publishing the Family. Duke UP Durham, NC, 2001.

Johanningsmeier, Charles. "Sarah Orne Jewett and Mary E. Wilkins (Freeman): Two Shrewd Businesswomen in Search of New Markets." New England Quarterly 70.1 (1997): 57-82.

Johanningsmeier, Charles. "The current state of Freeman bibliographical and textual studies."American Transcendental Quarterly 14.2 (Jun 2000): 173-197.

Johns, Barbara A. "'Love-Cracked': Spinsters as Subversives in 'Anna Malann,' 'Christmas Jenny,' and 'An Object of Love'." Colby Library Quarterly 23.1 (1987): 4-15.

Johnsen, Norma. "Pieces: Artist and Audience in Three Mary Wilkins Freeman Stories." Colby Quarterly 29.1 (1993): 43-56.

Kendrick, Brent L. The Infant Sphinx: Collected Letters of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1985.

Klemans, Patricia A. "The Courageous Soul: Woman as Artist in American Literature." CEA Critic: An Official Journal of the College English Association 43.4 (1981): 39-43.

Koppelman, Susan. "About 'Two Friends' and Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman." American Literary Realism 21.1 (1988): 43-57.

Luscher, Robert M. "Seeing the Forest for the Trees: The 'Intimate Connection' of Mary Wilkins Freeman's Six Trees." American Transcendental Quarterly 3.4 (1989): 363-381.

Maik, Thomas A. "Dissent and Affirmation: Conflicting Voices of Female Roles in Selected Stories by Mary Wilkins Freeman." Colby Quarterly 26.1 (1990): 59-68.

Maik, Thomas A. "Mary Wilkins Freeman's 'Louisa': Liberation, Independence, or Madness?" North Dakota Quarterly 60.4 (1992): 137-48.

Mann, Susan Garland. "Gardening as 'Women's Culture' in Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's Short Fiction." New England Quarterly 71.1 (1998): 33-53.

Mann, Susan Garland. "A House of One's Own: The Subversion of 'True Womanhood' in Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's Short Fiction." Colby Quarterly 34.1 (1998): 39-54.

Marchalonis, Shirley. "Another Mary Wilkins Freeman: Understudies and Six Trees." American Transcendental Quarterly 9.2 (1995): 89-101.

McElrath, Joseph R., Jr. "The Artistry of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's 'The Revolt'."  American Literary Realism (1980): 255-61.

Meese, Elizabeth. Crossing the Double-Cross: The Practice of Feminist Criticism. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1986.


Monteiro, George. "The 'Ordinary' Poetry of Mary E. Wilkins and Emily Dickinson." American Literary Realism 33.3 (2001): 252-.

Morey, Ann-Janine. "American Myth and Biblical Interpretation in the Fiction of Harriet Beecher Stowe and Mary E. Wilkins Freeman."  (1987): 741-763.

Oaks, Susan. "The Haunting Will: The Ghost Stories of Mary Wilkins Freeman." Colby Library Quarterly 21.4 (1985): 208-220.

Orr, Elaine. "Reading Negotiation and Negotiated Reading: A Practice with/in 'A White Heron' and 'The Revolt of 'Mother"." CEA Critic: An Official Journal of the College English Association 53.3 (1991): 49-65.

Patrick, Barbara. "Lady Terrorists: Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers and the Ghost Story." American Women Short Story Writers: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Julie Brown. Garland Reference Library of the HumanitiesWellesley Studies in Critical Theory, Literary History and Culture (GRLH), Hamden, CT. Series No: 1737 8. New York: Garland, 1995. 73-84.

Pennell, Melissa McFarland. "The Liberating Will: Freedom of Choice in the Fiction of Mary Wilkins Freeman.". Critical Essays on American Literature (CEAL)., 1991. 207-21.

Petry, Alice Hall. "Freeman's New England Elegy." Studies in Short Fiction 21.1 (1984): 68-70.

Pryse, Marjorie. "The Humanity of Women in Freeman's 'A Village Singer'." Colby Library Quarterly 19.2 (1983): 69-77.

Pryse, Marjorie. "An Uncloistered 'New England Nun'." Studies in Short Fiction 20.4 (1983): 289-295.

Pryse, Marjorie. "Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, 1852-1930." Modern American Women Writers. Eds. Elaine Showalter, Lea Baechler and A. Walton Litz. New York, NY: Scribner's, 1991. 141-53.

Reichardt, Mary R. "Mary Wilkins Freeman: One Hundred Years of Criticism." Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers 4.2 (1987): 31-44.

Reichardt, Mary R. "'Friend of My Heart': Women as Friends and Rivals in the Short Stories of Mary Wilkins Freeman." American Literary Realism 22.2 (1990): 54-68.

Reichardt, Mary R. "The Web of Self-Strangulation; Mothers, Daughters and the Question of Marriage in the Short Stories of Mary Wilkins Freeman." Joinings and Disjoinings: The Significance of Marital Status in Literature. Eds. JoAnna Stephens Mink and Janet Doubler Ward. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1991. 109-19.

Reichardt, Mary R. A Mary Wilkins Freeman Reader. Lincoln, NE: U of Nebraska P, 1997.

Reichardt, Mary R. Mary Wilkins Freeman: A Study of the Short Fiction. New York, NY: Twayne, 1997.

Robillard, Douglas. "Mary Wilkins Freeman." Supernatural Fiction Writers: Fantasy and Horror, 2: A. Ed. Everett Franklin Bleiler. E. Coppard to Roger Zelazny. New York: Scribner's, 1985. 769-773.

Romines, Ann. "A Place for 'A Poetess'." Markham Review 12 (1983): 61-64.

Romines, Ann. The Home Plot: Women, Writing & Domestic Ritual. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1992.

Schreck, William J. "The Shadow Narrative in Mary Wilkins Freeman's 'Silence.'"American Transcendental Quarterly 14.2 (Jun 2000): 233-247.

Scofield, Martin. "The Cambridge Introduction to the American Short Story."2006. New York.

Shaw, S. Bradley. "New England Gothic by the Light of Common Day: Lizzie Borden and Mary E. Wilkins Freeman's 'The Long Arm'." New England Quarterly 70.2 (1997): 211-36.

Thomas, Heather Kirk. "'It's Your Father's Way: The Father-Daughter Narrative and Female Development in Mary Wilkins Freeman's Pembroke." Studies in the Novel 29.1 (1997): 26-39.

Toth, Susan Allen. "'The Rarest and Most Peculiar Grape': Versions of the New England Woman in Nineteenth-Century Local Color Literature." Regionalism and the Female Imagination: A Collection of Essays. Ed. Emily Toth. New York: Human Sciences, 1985. 15-28.

Turkes, Doris J. "Must age equal failure?: Sociology looks at Mary Wilkins Freeman's Old Women."American Transcendental Quarterly 14.2 (Jun 2000): 197-206.

Urgo, Joseph. "Capitalism, Nationalism, and the American Short Story." Studies in Short Fiction 35.4 (1998): 339-53.

Voller, Jack G. "Mary Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930)." Gothic Writers: A Critical and Bibliographical Guide. Eds. Douglass H. Thomson, Jack G. Voller and Frederick S. Frank: Greenwood, Westport, CT, 2002. xxv, 516.

Weinstock, Jeffrey Andrew. Scare Tactics: Supernatural Fiction by American Women. New York, NY: Fordham UP, 2008.

Westbrook, Perry D. Mary Wilkins Freeman. Boston: Twayne, 1988.

Westbrook, Perry D. "Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930)." Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio- Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Eds. Denise D. Knight and Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997. 139-49.

Wilson, James D. "The 'Fairy Web' and the Raft: Domesticity and Nature in 'A New England Nun' and Huckleberry Finn." Xavier Review 14.2 (1994): 42-51.