Whitman’s Poetic Techniques
Free verse: lack of metrical regularity and conventional
Use of repeated images, symbols, phrases, and
grammatical units
Use of enumerations and catalogs
Use of anaphora (initial repetition) in lines and
“Epanaphora” (each line hangs by a loop from the line
before it)
The Whitman “envelope”
Contrast and parallelism in paired lines