Washington State University
BUSINESS POLICIES AND PROCEDURES MANUAL

FINANCE
30.05
Revised 12-09
Controller's Office
335-2013
Budget Office
335-9681

Establishing, Naming, and Terminating WSU Accounts

PDF link

ACCOUNTS

University units track financial transactions by monitoring University accounts.

Code Components

Account codes are made up of several components which permit University personnel to precisely identify each financial transaction. These components are:

Fund

An accounting entity with self-balancing set of accounts for recording assets, liabilities, a fund balance, and changes in the fund balance. Separate accounts are maintained for each fund to ensure observance of limitations and restrictions placed on the use of the resource.

Appropriation

A legislative authorization to incur expenditures for specific purposes and limited as to time and amount from designated resources.

Subfund

A managerial division of a fund used to provide greater detail. In state-appropriated accounts, e.g., Fund 001, this may also be referred to as an appropriation.

Program/Subprogram

The various operating functions within the University (e.g., instruction, administration, and plant operation). See also 70.03.

Budget

The accounting level for an administrative unit within the institution.

Project

The accounting level for a unique activity within a subdivision or an administrative unit.

Example of a State Account

001-01-07S-2561-0002

001

Fund: State General Fund

01

Subfund: General University

07S

Program: Organized Activities Related to Education

2561

Budget: Veterinary Clinic Supervision

0002

Project: Small Animal Hospital

Example of a Sponsored Account

145-01-11V-2452-0066

145

Fund: Grants and Contracts

01

Appropriation: Federal

11V

Program/Sub-Program: Federally Sponsored Research

2452

Budget: Chemistry

0066

Project: NSF Grant No. GP-9252

ESTABLISHING ACCOUNTS

New accounts are established to classify and track revenue and expenditures.

Only departmental personnel with expenditure authority may approve expenditures from a given account. The department completes and submits Expenditure Authority Delegation forms to make changes to authorized signatures. See 70.02.

Programs 01-10

Educational and general accounting programs

Budgets

Usually new budgets are established at the beginning of the biennium or when new functions are authorized by a special legislative session. In these cases, the Budget Office advises the administrative unit and Controller's Office of the account.

If an administrative unit identifies the need for a new budget component of the account code, the dean or equivalent area administrator directs a memorandum to the Budget Office. The request outlines the circumstances which require the new budget code, suggests a budget title, and identifies the source of the funds, and the nature of the proposed expenditures.

The Budget Office advises the administrative unit as to the disposition of the request for a new budget coding.

NOTE: For accounts in Fund 148-01, the area administrator sends a memorandum to the Controller's Office requesting a revenue transfer to fund the new account.

Projects

Departments may establish projects within a budget as necessary for the administration and management of the unit.

Administrators must provide the following information to the Controller’s Office:

The Controller's Office is available to assist an administrative unit in establishing new projects.

Programs 11-14

Sponsored programs

As the University is awarded grants or contracts for projects with specified objectives, the Sponsored Programs Services assigns and approves account codes. See 40.04.

Programs 15-33

Auxiliary enterprise, service funds, trust or agency funds or similar accounts

Sources of revenue for these miscellaneous major activities vary. The revenue source usually determines the kind of account and the responsible administrative unit.

The General Accounting Section of the Controller's Office works with the administrative units to establish and control these accounts.

The Executive Director, Business Services/Controller approves the establishment of new accounts. The appropriate unit routes the approval request to the Controller's Office. This request may be a Service Center Application (see 30.15), a Special Course Fee Request (see 30.95), or a memorandum if requesting a different type of account. The request must include the budget number of the requesting administrative unit, the source of funds, and planned expenditures.

Discretionary Accounts

Discretionary accounts (scholarship and development) supported by private donations are established through the Finance and Gift Accounting section of the WSU Foundation; telephone 335-1686. See 30.70.

RSO Accounts

WSU Pullman registered student organization (RSO) accounts are established through the Financial Services Office located in Compton Union Building 60; telephone 335-1085.

RSO accounts at the regional campuses are maintained by the following offices:

Scholarship Accounts

Scholarships with recipient selected by donor are processed by the Student Accounts Section of University Receivables, Controller's Office.

Service Center Accounts

Service center accounts are administered by the Controller's Office. See 30.15.

Special Fee Accounts

Service fee (student) and special course fee accounts are administered by the Student Accounts Section of University Receivables, Controller's Office. See also 30.95.

Other Accounts

Other miscellaneous major activity accounts are established and coordinated by the General Accounting Section of the Controller's Office. Examples include Auxiliary Enterprise Funds (e.g., Housing and Dining Services, ASWSU and Athletics), and Suspense and Clearing Accounts (e.g., employee withholdings).

Programs 34 and Above

Capital Outlay Projects

Major Capital Projects

The Controller's Office, the Budget Office, and the Office of Facilities Services, Capital coordinate to establish major capital project codes.

Minor Capital Improvements

Facilities Services, Operations interacts with the Budget Office and Controller's Office to establish minor capital improvement accounts.

Miscellaneous Revolving Funds

The Budget Office and the Controller's Office interact to establish these account codes.

CHANGING ACCOUNT TITLES

Titles Reflect Activity

Account titles are to reflect the associated financial activity. An account title may be updated periodically if the update does not infer a different financial activity. Establish a new account if a different financial activity exists.

Title Limits

A full account title is made up of a budget title and a project title.

Each budget title may not exceed 45 characters. Each project title may not exceed 45 characters.

Budget Titles

Budgets are usually titled after the departments they service, e.g., Veterinary Clinic. An area administrator may change a budget title within his or her area by submitting a memorandum to the Budget Office.

Project Titles

Projects are usually titled after departmental subunits, e.g., Small Animal Hospital, or activities, e.g., Visiting Speakers. An area administrator or department head may change a project title under his or her control by submitting a memorandum to the Controller's Office.

TERMINATING ACCOUNTS

Terminating Budget Number

Notify the Budget Office when a budget number is no longer required or utilized. The Budget Office notifies the General Accounting Section of the Controller's Office of the change.

NOTE: Notify University service centers (e.g., University Stores, University Publishing, etc.) to cancel any service center requisition numbers (blanket orders) associated with the terminated project.

Used Budget/Project Numbers

Those budget and project numbers which have been previously assigned and terminated may not be used again for a period of four years.