(7) What are the forms of the verb?
In English there are several different kinds of verbs. All verbs
except modal auxiliary ("helping") verbs have at least three distinct forms:
A few irregular verbs have only these three forms -- verbs like cut
and put. The past tense and the past participle forms
of these verbs are the same as the simple forms.
the simple (or uninflected or base) form: dance, play,
type, hurry, concentrate, communicate, pull, lives, cut, put, bring, run,
sing, drink, speak, write
the 3rd person singular present tense (or -s) form: dances,
plays, types, hurries, concentrates, communicates, pulls, lives, cuts,
puts, brings, runs, sings, drinks, speaks,writes
the present (or -ing) participle and gerund form: dancing,
playing, typing, hurrying, concentrating, communicating, pulling, living,
cutting, putting, running, bringing, singing, drinking, speaking, writing
Most verbs are regular. Regular verbs and some irregular verbs
(like bring) have four forms, the three above, a fourth form which
serves as both the past tense and the past participle form:
A small number of irregular verbs have four forms, the top three and a
past tense form which is distinct from the past participle form.
The simple form of this kind of irregular verb is used where a past participle
form would be used.
Some irregular verbs have five distinct forms: the three forms that
all verbs have and a separate past tense and past participle form.
the past tense and past participle form: danced, played, typed,
hurried, concentrated, communicated, pulled, lived, brought
the past tense form: sang, drank, spoke, wrote
the past participle form: sung, drunk, spoken, written
||Past Tense Form
||Past Participle Form
The verb be
The verb be has more forms than any other verb. It has
a simple form, an -ing participle form, a past participle form, a first
person singular present tense form, a third person present tense (-s)
form, a plural present tense form, a singular past tense form, and a plural
past tense form:
The modal auxiliaries
the simple form: be
the -ing participle form: being
the past participle: been
the first person singular present tense form: am
the third person present tense (-s) form: is
the plural present tense form: are
the singular past tense form: was
the plural past tense form: were
auxiliary has only one form*: can, could, shall, should, will, would,
may, might, and must.