Poetry Terms

Matching exercise

Choose the correct word for each picture

The repetition of identical consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words, in close proximity. Example: pensive poets
Unacknowledged reference and quotations that authors assume their readers will recognize.
unstressed unstressed stressed.
Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of a line throughout a work or the section of a work.
A narrative poem composed of quatrains (iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter) rhyming x-a-x-a. Ballads may use refrains. Examples: "Jackaroe," "The Long Black Veil"
A type of poem, derived from the theater, in which a speaker addresses an internal listener or the reader.
"seize the day." Poetry concerned with the shortness of life and the need to act in or enjoy the present. Example: Herrick’s "To the Virgins to Make Much of Time"
exaggeration for effect
An elaborate and extended metaphor or simile that links two apparently related fields or subjects in an unusual and surprising conjunction of ideas.
A short but definite pause used for effect within a line of poetry.
The first eight lines of an Italian or Petrarchan sonnet, unified by rhythm, rhyme, and topic.
A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter, composed of three quatrains and a couplet rhyming abab cdcd efef gg
A four-line stanza or poetic unit.
A sonnet (14 lines of rhyming iambic pentameter) that divides into an octave (8) and sestet (6)
stressed unstressed unstressed
two unstressed feet (an "empty" foot)
stressed unstressed
unstressed stressed
unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Words that seem to rhyme because they are spelled identically but pronounced differently. Example: bear/fear, dough/cough/through/bough

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