English 210
Dr. Campbell
Paper 3 (Optional)

Deadline: November 17, 2011. Paper versions are due in class; electronic versions should be uploaded to Angel by 9 p.m.
Length: Length 3-4 typed, double-spaced pages (750-1000 words, but can be longer if you wish)

Paper 3 does not require secondary sources, although you should have a clear thesis and good development of your arguments. Here are some guidelines for you to follow:

1 Content is very important, but good organization, sentence structure, and editing skills are also important. Citations and the Works Cited page should follow MLA format.

2. Guidelines for turning in papers in this class are here: http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/format.htm. You also have that page in paper format; it's attached to the revised syllabus.

3. Remember, you can take the draft of your paper to the WSU Writing Center (http://universitycollege.wsu.edu/units/writingprogram/units/writingcenter/undergrad/) before turning it in for a free consultation with a tutor. This is especially useful if there were grammatical errors such as comma splices, fragments, awkward phrasing, and so on in earlier papers.

The following are suggestions for possible topics for your paper, but you can also develop your own topic in consultation with me or with your discussion leaders. Most of them ask you to compare and contrast at least two pieces of writing. These topics are quite general; it's expected that you will narrow the topic when you write your paper.

You can use works from our book even if we have not discussed them in class.

1. Your own topic.

2. What visions of the future inform the science fiction works that we have read? What kinds of problems did the writers anticipate that have actually come to pass? What kinds of issues or problems have disappeared? What kinds of new beings, if any, are envisioned? Are these utopian or dystopian visions of the future?

3. In what ways do the works of science fiction set in the future actually reflect the times in which they were written?

4. What is the perspective on race and social justice of Morrison, Alexie, Walker, and Espada (discuss any two). Could you compare the perspective of one of these authors with that of one of the earlier authors (McKay, Douglass, and so on)? What has changed, and what remains the same?

5. Either in our textbook or on the web, find examples of short stories by contemporary authors and choose one or two to discuss in combination with some of the stories we've read this semester. You might want to compare an earlier story with a contemporary one (for example, an earlier story about race or courtship with a contemporary one, or an adaptation of an earlier story to a contemporary setting).

6. Based on our discussions during the Laptop Days in which we looked at internet genres, locate or identify an internet genre and analyze its properties. You might want to consider some of the following:

7. NewMany of the contemporary authors we've read discuss the implications of having one's heritage stolen or of losing one's heritage. Write an essay in which you explore the implications of this theme in two or three works. You can also use fiction and poetry in our book that we haven't discussed in class; stories and poems by Yamamoto, James Baldwin, Louise Erdrich, Gloria Anzaldua, Joy Harjo, and Maxine Hong Kingston would work especially well with this topic.