Who the Devil is the Devil?

IMAGES: Dante's Inferno.

Gustave Dore: images.

Satan cast out of heaven: Gustave Dore

Infinite Wrath and Infinite Despair

Complicated Monsters

Paradise Lost illustration index

A horned, hairy Satan munches tormented sinners in Hell in this detail from Fra Angelico's The Last Judgment (c. 1430-33).

Hans Memling's 15th-century The Last Judgment, a panel depicts assorted dreadful demons tormenting the damned.

A satyr leers at a nymph in the Hall of Amor and Psyche by Giulio Romano, in a 16th-century palazzo in Muntua, Italy.

In his 1505 version of St. Michael and the Devil, Raphael depicted the embodiment of Evil as a dragon defeated by Good.

Sanzio Raffaello's St. Michael Trampling the Devil and St. George Fighting the Dragon (1483-1520).

Hieronymus Bosch depicts Hell, Garden of Earthly Delights (1504).

In this 1795 work by Goya, demons lurk around a dying, impenitent sinner as Saint Francis of Borgia (1510-72) exorcises him.

Hans Baldung Grien: Eve, the Serpent, and Death, c. 1510-12. Grien was the first artist to create a large scale work in which death is a major character in The Temptation, acknowledging an important consequence of disobedience--humans must die.

Macbeth and the Witches, Henry Fuseli (1784)

The Nightmare

The Giant He-Goat of the Witches Sabbath, Goya (1821)

Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)

Sympathy for the Devil The Rolling Stones

The Witches of East wick (1987)

The Devil's Advocate (1997)