Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Hardy Plants for Waterwise Landscapes

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi with Thyme in foreground (V.I. Lohr)

Plant form

Evergreen, low, spreading groundcover.


3-10" tall, 4 to 20 feet spread.


Blooms in spring.


Reddish fruit develop color in late summer.

Native area

Found throughout the northern hemisphere; native in Washington State.

Water use


Culture and maintenance

Easy to grow. Grows best in well-drained soils. Foot traffic may result in dead branches. Prune to control growth. May get leaf galls, which cause unsightly swellings on the leaves. Insects may also eat notches out of the edges of the leaves. These problems usually do not harm the health of the plants significantly.


Full sun or partial shade.


USDA Zone 2.


We have had success with 'Vancouver Jade.'


Leaves develop burgundy coloration in the fall and winter. Fruit are attractive to wildlife.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (V.I. Lohr)


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