The Western Journal of Black Studies

Volume 32, Issue 2

Confronting the Crisis:
Organ Transplantation in the African American Community
Wayne Moore—North Carolina A & T State University

Organ donation and access to transplantation is a major public health problem confronting African American communities. African Americans are more likely to die awaiting transplant or not offered this treatment option despite advances in organ, tissue, blood, and bone marrow transplantation over the last decade. Life saving breakthroughs through transplantation has been thwarted by the donor shortage problem, past allocation policy, and matching protocols used in organ allocation. It is critical to understand transplantation and donor issues. This article examines factors which contribute to African Americans not being offered transplantation as a treatment option, the urgent need to be active in supporting organ and tissue donation, and strategies to address the ambivalence towards becoming an organ and tissue donor.
pp. 1-12

Not Even a Blue Box: Afro-Indian Relations in Black History Textbooks
Rhett Jones—Brown University
pp. 13-17

What’s Race Got to Do With it? Looking for the Racial Dimensions of Gentrification
Elizabeth Kirkland—Metropolitan Interdenominational Church First Response Center

In popular conceptualization, gentrification is often a fundamentally racial transformation: the pre-gentrified neighborhood is inhabited mostly by African Americans or other people of color, and the in-movers are typically white. Many academic depictions of gentrification, on the other hand, either omit reference to the racial dimensions of the phenomenon, or acknowledge race and ethnicity but forego examination. This article describes the scholarship that does exist concerning how the process of gentrification affects persons differentially depending upon their race, but illuminates the absence of a consideration of race in the bulk of analyses of gentrification. Also advanced is evidence that gentrification not only replicates but amplifies the contemporary system of racial residential segregation.
pp. 18-30

Instructional Technologies Designed by and for African Americans:
An Examination of Several Works

Patricia A. Young—University of Maryland, Baltimore County

African Americans have actively participated in creating instructional technologies to educate themselves throughout history. This research examines three instructional technologies made by and for African Americans using historical and critical discourse analysis; they include: 1866, The Freedman’s Torchlight (a newspaper/textbook); 1920–1921, The Brownies’ Book (a children’s periodical); and 1977, Bridge: A Cross-Culture Reading Program (a reading curriculum). The findings extrapolated from the analyses reveal a treasure of cultural remnants. Cultural remnants are the racial, ethnic, linguistic, political, social, historical, educational and economic artifacts embedded in discourses. This research suggests that culture specific instructional technologies can be created effectively, and given the proper design specifications, they have the potential to improve the academic performance of learners.
pp. 31-40

Afros and Elephants: Black Republican Candidates Running Statewide in 2006

Michael K. Fauntroy—George Mason University

The Republican Party is at a low point relative to the support it receives from Black voters. In recent years, the party has used the recruitment of prominent African American office seekers as part of a strategy to win more Black support. This article explores the 2006 campaigns of J. Kenneth Blackwell of Ohio, Michael Steele of Maryland, and Lynn Swann of Pennsylvania as part of that strategy. While these candidates were more widely known and better funded than typical African American Republican candidates. They also were able to win more Black support than Republican registration rates would suggest. However, this research found that these candidacies were unable to garner sufficient support among Black voters to win statewide elections.
pp. 41-50

Book Reviews

From Black Power to Black Studies:
How A Radical Social Movement Became An Academic Discipline

Author: Fabio Rojas
Reviewer: Jonathan Fenderson,
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
pp. 51-53

Black Women’s Intellectual Traditions: Speaking their Minds
Authors: Kristin Waters and Carol B. Conaway
Reviewer: Jack Carson,
University of Wisconsin, Madison
pp. 53-55


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