Department of Horticulture

Hardy Plants for Waterwise Landscapes

Abies concolor
White fir

Abies concolor form (V.I. Lohr)

Plant form

Tall, conical, evergreen tree.


50 feet tall by 25 feet wide; up to 100 feet tall in older, native stands.


Curving needles; 1.5 to 2.5" long. Needles usually appear blue, gray, or whitish, but can also be green, especially in shaded conditions. Needles sweep upward on branches in sun and lie flatter (almost 2-ranked) in lower light. Needles are the same color on both sides.


White fir cones are produced in the tops of mature trees and can be hard to see. The cones on all true firs, including the white fir, disintegrate or fall apart while still on the tree, so you won't find cones on the ground under fir trees.

Native area

Western United States.

Water use

Moderate to low.


Full sun or partial shade.


USDA Zone 3-7.


Popular Christmas tree and landscape tree throughout the Northwest.

More photos

Click here.


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