|If you have an answer to one of these queries,
please use the Queries
and Replies Form.
You can also Search this Site for answers to your questions. Queries and replies will be posted directly to this page (not sent to you by e-mail), so check back to read your query and any replies.
General questions ("Help! I have to write a research paper on The Red Badge of Courage or 'The Open Boat'") other than those already listed will not be posted, since help is available by reading the questions and responses below. The library will still be the best source of information for criticism on Crane. An (X) after a question indicates that a response has been posted, as does the green box beside the question.
How did Crane die?
Questions on Crane's Life and Work
Analyzing Jack Potter and Scratchy Wilson (X)
Literary Devices in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky" (X)
Use of Color in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
Crane: Married? Children?
Naturalism in "The Blue Hotel"
"The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
"The Open Boat"
References in Maggie
Potter and his wife in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
Title for Red Badge of Courage (X)
Round and Flat Characters (X)
Report on Crane
Color in The Red Badge of Courage
Sunshine in The Red Badge of Courage
"The Sergeant's Private Madhouse"
Contemporary works inspired by Stephen Crane
"The Wayfarer" (X)
Stephen Crane and Modern
|Stephen Crane's Siblings
NAME: David Bates, firstname.lastname@example.org
QUESTION: How did Stephen Crane's siblings decease? I am using it in an English paper for a major grade and that's why I need to know this.
|Use of Color
in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
QUESTION: I would like some insight regarding Crane's use of color in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky".
|Crane: Married? Children?
Hi I'm a student in H.S. and I'm doing a research project. I'm wondering
if you could answer some of my Questions, thanks.
1.Was he married, if so, to who?
2. Did he have children, if so, what were their names?
|Crane had a common-law marriage with Cora Stewart.
Her husband would not divorce her, so she and Crane could not be legally
married, although Crane always called her "Mrs. Crane." The two had
You can find this information in various biographies of Crane, The Stephen Crane Encyclopedia by Stanley Wertheim, and and also in The Crane Log by Paul Sorrentino and Stanley Wertheim. --D. Campbell
|Naturalism and "The Blue Hotel"
|This is an interesting question. You might want to think about how Crane uses stereotypes and beliefs in your discussion of this story. Here are some articles on "The Blue Hotel" to help you.|
|"The Bride Comes to Yellow
NAME: Christy nguyen
QUESTION: analyzing in The bride comes to Yellow sky of Stephen Crane
|"The Open Boat"
NAME: Joanne Carlson
QUESTION: I have to write a 750 word essay explaining how Steven Crane protrays the nature of the universe as "other" and how he defines human's relationship to it and each other in "The Open Boat." Any hints as to any "symbolic passages to the universe" this work contains? I really don't know where to begin. thanks for any tips you can give me.
|Many good articles have been written on this story; you might try doing a search of the bibliographies here at the SCS site. Look also at how Crane uses the sea, the sky, the birds, and the sharks in this story. Look also at his use of the tower. See the suggestions in the answer below.|
|How did Crane die?
NAME: Britta Spaulding,loverofJesus_343@yahoo.com
QUESTION: I'm a student in M.S. and we're reading Crane's
|Crane died of tuberculosis, a common cause of death
before antibiotics and other drugs were discovered to treat the disease.
He had had the disease for a long time. According to The Crane Log,
he suffered a lung hemorrhage on 29 December 1899 but kept writing to pay
the bills throughout the spring of 1900. He had more hemorrhages
on March 31st, and by April 14, the Academy, a journal, noted that
Crane was "lying seriously ill at the mediaeval house in Sussex, Brede Place,
where he has been living for the past two years." At the end of May, 1900,
Cora Crane takes Stephen to Badenweiler, Baden, for treatment, in a last-ditch
effort to save his life. Crane continues to dictate portions of his
last novel, The O'Ruddy, but dies on June 5, 1900.
About Crane's interest in war: see the questions below for some possible resources.
|Questions on Crane's Life
NAME: Hanan Benjelloun, galatea1@caramail .com
QUESTION: what in Crane's life made of him a writer ? Was he a prolific writer? What are the themes that he deals with? What are the themes that he deals with ? What kind of man was he ?
|A good source for answering these questions would be
the many books and articles on Crane. Your library may have Patrick
Dooley's bibliography on Crane (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1992), which is annotated;
that would be a good place to start. If your library does not have
this book, here are some suggestions:
|Analyzing Jack Potter
and Scratchy Wilson
What are the characteristics of JACK POTTER AND SCRATCHY WILSON? Ike O.
|This is the kind of question that can best be answered
by looking in the books suggested above or by sitting down, drawing a line
down the center of a piece of paper, and thinking for a while about the
question. Once you've thought about the story, start writing Jack Potter's
characteristics on one side and Scratchy's on the other. Here are some questions
to get you started:
Devices in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
QUESTION: I have a report on literary devices due in 2 weeks. Crane's story"The Bride comes to yellow sky" is the story I have to identify all the literary devices. I have no clue where to start! If you or anyone know some of the literary devices he used please tell me! , Sarah
|This is another question where rereading the story carefully
in light of the question and consulting the books mentioned above will help.
Make a copy of the story so that you can underline and circle important
words and phrases.
|Animal References in Maggie
QUESTION: I'm researching Crane's novel, "Maggie". I was wondering if there were any references I could use explaining the animal behavior in his book. Jackie, email@example.com
|Relationship of Potter
and his wife
QUESTION: Hello there, I have to write about "Bride
comes to Yellow Sky". Can anybody help me with the question about the
relationship of Potter to his wife?
|You might want to start by looking at Crane's description
|Title for Red Badge
NAME: D. Caputo
Was there an original title to The Red Badge of Courage? Does anyone know what it was?
|In his background reading for "The Red Badge of Courage,"
Crane almost undoubtedly encountered some of the published personal narratives
by Union veterans who had seen action in the ranks such as Wilbur F. Hinman's
Corporal Si Klegg and His "'Pard'" (1887 or Warren Lee Goss's popular "Recollections
of a Private/A Story of the Army of the Potomac" (1890). These memoirs traced
the development of a recruit into a veteran. Crane most likely set out to
write such a narrative and first titled his manuscript "Private Fleming/His
Various Battles." Somewhere along the line his focus shifted from external
to internal battles and the relationship of the individual to society and
the cosmic processes as reflected in the mind of a single soldier. Consequently
he changed his title to "The Red Badge of Courage/An Episode of the American
Stanley Wertheim 5/7/02
|Round and Flat Characters
QUESTION: im doing a paper on the bride comes to yellow sky on character
the two main characters of the story how do i define if they are round
or falt and what examples do i use?? im really lost
|Your teacher will be your best source of information on this. Also, see the questions above for answers about this story. Round characters, according to E. M. Forster, are dynamic; they are capable of surprising us in a convincing way. Flat characters serve other functions but do not grow and change as round characters do.|
|Crane's Philosophy of Life
QUESTION: What is Crane's philosophy on life??
|A good biography would tell you a lot about this question
(see below). You can also get a good sense of this by reading his
works, perhaps especially his poems. Here are some questions to ask
yourself while reading:
1. Would you say that Crane has an optimistic outlook on human nature?
2. Does he think that man lives in harmony with nature and that nature protects man?
3. If you are reading his poems, where does he speak of God? What does God say and do in those poems in which he appears?
4. Are events in Crane's stories carefully planned so that the good people always triumph and the bad people are always punished, or is Crane's perspective more complex than that?
5. Does Crane use irony? Where and for what purposes?
|Report on Crane
I am doing a report on the Red Badge of Courage and I need some Info
1. How many works did Stephen Crane write in his life?
2. What was his most known or popular novel he wrote?
3. What was Henry's last name?
4. What were some of the names of the places he went?(I have to create a map of Important places)
|You can find the answers to all of these
in the biographies of and books about Stephen Crane. Here are some
titles to help you get started:
Stanley Wertheim and Paul Sorrentino,
The Crane Log
P. S. The answers to numbers 2 and 3 are 2) Red Badge of Courage and 3) Fleming.
|Color in The Red Badge of
QUESTION: After reading the Red Badge of Courage for my Junior Literature class, I decided I wanted to write my term paper on the novel. The topic I chose was the symbolism of the color red in the Red Badge of Courage, but I have yet to find any critical essays mentioning Crane's use of color. Can you help? Sources and websites would help, along with any advice.
|Sunshine in The Red Badge of Courage
QUESTION: I'm writing a paper on the meaning of the use of sunshine in Crane's "The Red Badge of Courage". I could really use some help on this subject.- Liz, firstname.lastname@example.org
|QUESTION: I have to do a research paper on the psychological and social aspects of Crane and his short story "The Sergeant's Private Madhouse." Is there a site that can help me?|
inspired by Stephen Crane
QUESTION: What sort of contemporary works were inspired by Stephen Crane? I have tried, without avail, to locate a single site which states that Crane or any of his works were an inspiring factor in anything. I would quite seriously appreciate any help or recommendations. Thank you,
Will Dobbins, email@example.com
What message is Stephen Crane attempting to portray in "The Wayfarer"? In what ways, if any, does this theme relate to his life?
| The theme of Crane's "The wayfarer" is reflected
in a later poem that was almost undoubtedly influenced by it, Robert Frost's
"The Road Not Taken." The narrator in Frost's poem comes to a crossroads
where two roads diverge in a Dantean "yellow wood," reflecting the ambivalences
and ambiguities of life. The two roads are fair, but the narrator understands
that he cannot travel both. He chooses "the one less traveled by,/And that
has made all the difference." In contrast, Crane's wayfarer perceives that
"the pathway to truth" is a relatively untraveled road choked with weeds
and briars and chooses a more comfortable path. Crane's own early years
were spent in a stable, conventional small-town environment but he chose
to, live a hectic and often dangerous life as an investigative reporter
and war correspondent. His career as a writer was devoted to the unrelenting
pursuit of his vision of truth, regardless of consequences. As he wrote
to a number of editors, "I understand that a man is born into the world
with his own pair of eyes and he is not at all responsible for his quality
of personal honesty. To keep close to my honesty is my supreme ambition."
In "The wayfarer" Crane satirizes people who choose the road more traveled
by and lead comfortable lives, experiencing and risking little.
Stanley Wertheim 8/20/02
Crane and Modern Literature
QUESTION: How did the works of Stephen Crane affect modern english literature?? Please reply asap.Neil Hodges, firstname.lastname@example.org
|This question might be best answered by a look at a
general essay or book on Crane, such as The Stephen Crane Encyclopedia,
the entries on Crane in the Dictionary of Literary Biography series,
or other such sources.
About replying ASAP: The questions in this column are answered when volunteers undertake to send in replies, so there are never any guarantees about when a given question might be answered.
|Bibliography on "The Blue Hotel"
QUESTION: I'm doing a research paper on the Blue Hotel and I'm having trouble finding critisims on the Blue Hotel?
Kostas Tsilianos email@example.com, 7/18/02
|You can check the bibliographies on Crane for some ideas; also, there is an online bibliography available.|
|Stephen Crane, Slums of New York and Sojourn in
QUESTION: I'm searching for more detailed information about Stephen Crane's works related to the slums of New York and information about his sojourn in England. Mara Gabrielli firstname.lastname@example.org
|Crane, God, and Deism
QUESTION: i'm writing a paper on deism and Crane's work and life. I was
looking for information supporting what religious beliefs Crane may have
held. His work, especially his poetry, seemed to showed a deistic view
of the world and God. Deism is the belief in God being responsible for
the creation of the universe, but other than that he doesnt really do
anything. Do you know of any information i could use for my paper or am
i completely off the mark with this thesis?Abigail D. Gastaldi, email@example.com
|Crane did not share the anthropomorphic,
omnipotent conception of God held by his Methodist forbears, and some of
his poems reflect the deistic conception that whatever force created the
universe somehow lost or relinquished control of a creation that subsequently
degenerated into purposelessness and chaos. This is reflected in the following
poem from The Black Riders:
Metaphor in "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky"
QUESTION: I'm doing an assignment on "The bride comes to yellow sky", but i can't seem to find the controlling metaphor... please help! Susan
|Some of the questions and answers on this page may help you to find the answer to this question.|
|Symbolism in The Red Badge of Courage
I am writing a term paper for my Honors English class of the symbolism in "The Red Badge of Courage." I've been having a hard time finding critical essays and/or articles about this topic. Can you help? Sites would be great. Thanks! firstname.lastname@example.org
I am doing a research paper on Steven Crane. I have to write about his
use of realism and naturalism, and his use of war themes. Can you offer
me anything good on these topics? I having problems finding a good starting
| Funnel-shaped tracks
I am doing a presentation concerning the last sentence of "The Bride
Comes to Yellow Sky":
|QUESTION: I am a high school sophomore & I am required to write a
research paper on Stephen Crane. One of the requirements is to find 3 main
influences why he wrote "The Red Badge of Courage". The 3 I came
up with are newspaper articles, conversations with war veterans & the
book "Battles & Leaders of the Civil War". Now I need specific
examples such as the name of the newspapers, the name of some of the veterans
& where to get a copy of the book. I have looked everywhere & am
hoping you can help me. My project is due within the next week. Any help
will be greatly appreciated.
Thank you in advance.
|Criticism on Crane's Poetry
QUESTION: I am writing a paper comparing some of the war poetry of Stephen Crane to the war poetry of Galway Kinnell. Part of the assignment is to find literary criticism on the poets and I am having trouble. Almost everything seems to be about Red Badge of Courage and his other stories. I am specifically looking for something written on the poems begining "Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind" and "All-feeling God, hear in the war-night"(Both from War is Kind). I am starting to wonder whether there is anything out there, but anything anyone has come across would be of great help.
|Why is the poem sometimes spelled The Red Badge of Courage, and others,
THE RED BANDGE OF COURAGE? (Notice that the second one is in all caps, and
"badge" has an "N" in it.)
Mark53189@aol.com (my e-mail address)
|"Bandge" is an incorrect spelling (probably a typo) for "badge."|