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|Crane's grave barely marked
Edition of Crane's works
"The Bicycle Speedway"
Translations of The Red Badge of Courage
Children of Jonathan Townley Crane
Hemingway on Crane
Carrott in Red Badge
"In a Park Row Restaurant"
Origins of Whilomville
Crane's work in the public domain?
I am a composer in Perth, Australia, and would like to set one of Stephen Crane's poems (War Is Kind) to music to be part of a song cycle for public performance. Are his works still in copyright, is there a copyright holder, or are the works in the Public Domain?
Simon Holt 11.13.05
Stephen Crane's published works are in the public
domain. An edited text may, however, be copyright, and, it is in
any event a conventional courtesy to request permission to reprint
a text from the publisher, if this is feasible.
--Stanley Wertheim, 11/21/05
I am looking for a copy of a
page of Stephen Crane's manuscripts- taken from any document,
I would like to see the words in Crane's cursive.
Can you direct me to a web site that might have this?
Thank you very much,
You can see a small sample on our News
and Announcements page, but I don't know of a site that has full pages of his manuscripts
Crane quoting Emerson in Demorest's
: In May of 1896, a letter from Crane was published in Demorest's Family Magazine under the title, "A Remarkable First Succeess." In this letter Crane discusses his success with Red Badge and he ultimately goes on to Quote Emerson as saying, "There should be a long logic beneath the story, but it should be kept carefuly out of sight." My problem is that I can not find where this Emerson quote originates . . .any ideas?
Jason Edward Murray firstname.lastname@example.org
Crane misquotes from Emerson's "Intellect," but
he preserves the essential meaning of the passage: "We want
in every man a long logic:
we can not pardon the absence of it, but it must not be spoken.
Logic is the procession or proportionate unfolding of the intuition,
but its virtue is as silent method; the moment it would appear
as propositions and have a separate value, it is worthless."
--Stanley Wertheim, 10/25/05
|Maggie and Dialect
I'm interested in exploring the text of "Maggie" as a way to get my students (11th-12th grade) involved in linguistics. Crane's use of dialogue to convey a variety of meanings through the use of repetitive phrases fascinates me and seems very like the slang that teen-agers often use. I'd like to guide the class through a reading of "Maggie" that culminates in a data collection excercise in order to focus students upon the tremendous variety of languages that we all encounter everyday. I wonder if anyone knows of someone who has used the text of "Maggie" in this way and would like to discuss his results? Do you know of any materials that would assist me in designing a unit like this based upon an examination of "Maggie"?
Ed Noveshen email@example.com
Here are two books that may be helpful:
Jones, Gavin. Strange
Talk: The Politics of Dialect Literature in Gilded Age America. Berkeley, CA : U of California P, 1999.
Slotkin, Alan. The Language of Stephen Crane's Bowery Tales:
Growing Mastery of Character Diction . New York: Garland
Publishing Co., 1993.
D. Campbell, 10/25/05
Crane's Nonfiction Writings on Crime
Does anyone know of any non-fiction writings by Crane dealing with actual crimes? If so, I'd appreciate hearing from you.
Harold Schechter firstname.lastname@example.org
|Link for "The Open Boat"
The link to the Stephen Crane "Open Boat" short
story is broken. Where can it be found? Id like to read it. Thanks!
Sorry--I will fix the link very soon. Since the site
changed servers, there are some broken links, and they'll be fixed
as soon as possible.
Thanks for letting me know about this one.
D. Campbell 9/29/05
Update 10/25/05: I just tested the link on the Short
Stories page and found
"The Blue Hotel" at our site: http://www.wsu.edu/~campbelld/crane/blue.htm
Is there another link that you tried and found broken? If so,
please let me know. Thanks.
|Early Criticism of Red Badge
I'm doing a critical history on "The Red Badge
of Courage" but am having trouble finding early criticism.
The earliest date in 1939. Any ideas on where to proceed?
Ethan email@example.com 9/29/05
|Edition of Maggie used in Signet Classic
a professor teaching Maggie, and the bookstore substituted the
Signet Classic edition (ed. Alfred Kazin, 1991) for the Bantam
one I ordered. I'm finding substantial differences in the texts.
The Bantam claims to reproduce the 1893 text, but there are no
textual notes in the Signet. Is it possible that they used the
revised 1896 edition? I looked up the edition in the Library of
Congress, but could find no information. I can also find no ISBN
for the Sgnet or information on their website. If there is a textual
scholar there, can you help me?
One example of the differences is that the "micks" referred
to in the 1893 1st chapter are called "mugs" in the
Thanks for your help!
I've recently studied current editions of Maggie,
and in short, all the Signet editions I've seen use the expurgated
1896 edition. The most significant difference between the 1893
and 1896 editions is that in the 1896 version, the second to last
paragraph in chapter 17 is cut. This eliminates the "huge
fat man" that
Maggie solicits, which in turn drastically limits the conclusions
one can make about Maggie's death. The 1896 version also cleans
up profanities and blasphemies intact in the 1893 version. Because
of these changes, most scholars seem to prefer the 1893 version.
I can make two recommendations for current editions of the 1893
Maggie. If you want something cheap, consider Dover Thrift's
The Open Boat and Other Stories, which includes the 1893 Maggie, "The
Open Boat", "Bride Comes to Yellow Sky", and "The
Blue Hotel", and costs $2. If you want a critical edition,
consider Bedford/St. Martin's Cultural Edition (Ed. Kevin Hayes).
Of course, if your students already have the 1896 version, you
could probably produce a good lesson by bringing in excerpts
from 1893 and comparing the changes. For an good analysis of
the two texts, find Joseph Katz's "The Maggie Nobody Knows" (In
Modern Fiction Studies. 12.2 (Summer 1966. pp. 200-12). Katz's
helped return the 1893 Maggie to the light of day.
Jeff Paschke-Johannes, firstname.lastname@example.org 10/4/05
Photos of Crane
I am doing photo research for
a US Department of State book of Stephen Crane's works. We are
looking for a photograph for the cover.
Are there any photographs of Crane or Crane with someone else
that are among the Society's collection?
I would appreciate a speedy reply. Could I have a phone number
with the reply?
As far as I know, the Stephen
Crane Society doesn't maintain a collection of Crane photographs,
although individuals within the Society may have their own collections.
There are good research collections, however, at Columbia, Syracuse,
and Virginia that have a lot of materials, including photographs:
Crane Papers at Columbia University. This searchable
site includes a description of the collection, lists of correspondents
and photographs, and other materials.
The Library of Congress includes some excerpts
from Crane's works in its Spanish-American War exhibit
and a short bibliography of contemporary sources on the Spanish-American
University Library has an online description of its extensive
Crane collection. (New URL)
Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature Special
Collection at the University of Virginia has a brief general
description of its collections and a picture
of a table said to have been owned by Crane.
I hope that other Crane Society members will provide further
-D. Campbell, 9/20/05
|Translating Red Badge
I am translating red badge into french. i can't find
a definition of gluttering (chapter 22). also should "correctness" (chapter
24) read "correctitude", which, according to the OED
fits the context better?
richard myers email@example.com
The printing of "gluttering" in Chapter 22 of The Red Badge is simply a misprint. Crane wrote "glittering." Perhaps "correctitude" would be more appropriate than "correctness" in Capter 24, but Crane was not familiar with the OED.
--Stanley Wertheim, 9/16/05
Crane and "Hell Bent"
I am researching the term "hell
I've found out the term first appeared in Stephen Crane's 1899 collection
of short stories. I know what the term means but need to know why
the two words together mean "to be determined".
Crane and Asbury Park
I honestly don't know much about him, but I'm currently reading a new book on the history of Asbury Park, NJ - Apparently Stephen Crane lived there and wrote for the local paper - yet I see no reference to his years there anywhere on this site or in most of the other official bios.
Bill Normyle 6/28/05
You can find some information about Crane's
house in Asbury Park at http://www.stephencranehouse.org.
Linda Davis's Badge of Courage and The Crane Log have
information on Crane in Asbury Park, and so does Donald Vanouse's
Crane"at the Literary Encyclopedia. Also see the Queries
We don't have an official Crane bio at this site yet--sorry.
The Real Whilomville?
I don't know if you answer questions like this, but I was wondering if the town of Whilomville is based on any particular city or region.
rmr Robert Repinorobert_repino@emerson.edu 6/23/05
I have been to the Crane house in Port Jervis,
NY. It is now a law office. The secretary let me in
and showed me the downstairs. In the backyard is a parking
lot where Crane wrote most of Red Badge. It is a stones throw
from the park where he would interview Civil War Veterans that
inspired his greatest work. The park is still there and has
not changed too much since Crane's lifetime.
According to this secretary, Crane's brother was a lawyer, owned the home and
allowed his wayward author sibling to stay there between his travels.
Jim Franzetti firstname.lastname@example.org
The imaginary town of Whilomville is modeled
on Port Jervis in Orange County, New York, where Crane lived from
the ages of six to eleven. The name conveys a suggestion of timelesness
or "once upon a time," but it may have a more specific family connotation
since Crane's maternal grandfather, the Reverend George Peck, and
his brothers organized a fife and drum corps known as the Whilom
Drum Corps. Not only the Whiomville Stories and "The Monster" but
also The Red Badge of Courage was directly influenced
by Crane's childhood in Port Jervis. Crane listened to the stories
of veterans gathered near the Soldiers and Sailors Monument in
Orange Square, only a few steps from his home, and the movements
of the fictional 304th New York in the war novel correspond roughly
to those of the 124th New York State Volunteer Regiment, known
as the Orange Blossoms, which had its first experience of combat
--Stanley Wertheim, 6/28/05
About the origins of Whilomville:
This is a fictional town based on the small towns in New York and New Jersey where Crane spent his childhood, especially Port Jervis. It s an agglutination: «whilom» means old. (Something like the «town of old days».) It s the setting of a lot of Crane short stories and the novella «The Monster».
"In a Park Row Restaurant"
I have a student who
has read "In
a Park Row Restaurant" and is conducting
research about the story. I'm having a terrible time locating sources to
steer him to. Could you direct me to some critical sources that at least
mention this story.
"In a Park Row Restaurant" is a burlesque sketch that appeared
in the New York Press on 28 October 1894, two weeks after
its predecessor, "Coney Island's Fading Days." Written before Crane's
personal experience in the West, the sketch compares the turmoil
of the restaurant to the stereotype of the Wild West prevalent in
the Eastern mind. While there are no extended studies of "In a Park
Row Restaurant," the sketch is noted in many studies of Crane's
fiction such a Milne Holton's Cylinder of Vision: The Fiction and Journalistic
Writings of Stephen Crane (1972); Chester Wolford, Stephen
Crane: A Study of the Short Fiction (1989); and Stanley Wertheim, A
Stephen Crane Encyclopedia (1997).
Stanley Wertheim, 6/7/05
Crane's Grave barely marked
This last weekend I visited Crane's grave in Evergreen Cemetery, Hillside
NJ. It is marked only by a small flat stone, with the dash between two
dates and the motto "author". I was wondering if anyone would be interested
in raising a worthier monument to the man? Perhaps one with the texts
of some of his poetry and prose inscribed on it?
I live near Hillside, and would be willing to do the organizing. I would
presently be grateful for any advice on how to proceed.
|[Note: This isn't an answer, but here is a picture
of the grave.]
Editions of Crane's works
What is the best standard edition of Crane's works, the most
up-to date and comprehensive one?
Also, what would be the best choice for someone who wanted the
complete poetry and all of the major prose, but whose needs were
those of a non-specialist?
Jacob Rabinowitz email@example.com 3/27/05
There is no single edition of Crane's works
that would meet the criteria of "standard," "up-to-date" and comprehensive.
The most comprehensive edition is The Works of Stephen Crane,
ed. Fredson Bowers. 10 vols. Charlottesville: University Press
of Virginia, 1969-1976. However, the editorial practices employed
by Bowers have precipitated a great deal of controversy, and the
texts of several important prose works, notably Maggie and The
Red Badge of Courage, have generally been rejected by scholars.
This edition includes the complete poetry, and the texts of the
poems are more reliable. The most practical edition, incorporating
Crane's major prose and poetry is Stephen Crane: Prose and Poetry,
ed. J. C. Levenson. New York: Library of America, 1984. Paperback,
--Stanley Wertheim, 3/28/05
"The Bicycle Speedway"
On NPR within the past two months I heard a reference to a Stephen
Crane short story called, "The Bicycle Speedway". I
have been unable to either identify this work or locate a copy
of it. I would welcome any help that is offered.
Gayle Parker firstname.lastname@example.org
"New York’s Bicycle Speedway" is
not a story but a tongue-in-cheek feature article about the transformation
of New York’s Western Boulevard, slanting from Columbus Circle
to Riverside Drive, into a bicycle path that was syndicated in
newspapers by McClure on 5 July 1896. The most accessible reprinting
is in Maggie, A Girl of the Streets and Other New York Writings.
Edited by Luc Sante. New York: The Modern Library, 2001.
--Stanley Wertheim, 3/5/05
|Translations of The Red Badge of Courage
I'm looking for translations of Crane's "The Red Badge
of Courage". The translation can be into any language, although
major European languages are preferred and Portuguese would be
If possible it'd also help me a lot if the texts were in electronic format
but, if that's not possible, infomation about published versions would
also be useful.
I've searched for a list of the names of translations of this work on
the internet but haven't been able to find anything so any help would
be much appreciated!
Mark Stevenson 3/2/05
Two prominent Crane scholars
are at present working on a bibliographical article annotating
translations of his works with, as it happens, special attention
to translations into Portuguese. At present, however, the best
source for translations of The Red Badge of Courage would be the
National Union Catalogue and the Catalogue of the British Library.
--Stanley Wertheim, 3/9/05
Carrott in Red Badge
Does anyone know the background of the derogatory refence to
Carrott at the beginning of Chapter 4 in the Red Badge of Courage?
Ann L. Carrott 2/18/05
At the beginning of Chapter 4 of The Red Badge of Courage, a soldier
implies that a company commander named Carrott is a shirker who
has feigned illness to avoid combat. Carrott is certainly an unusual
name, but he seems to be a fictional character, like other Union
officers named in the novel. Research has not disclosed real-life
counterparts for Carrott; the lieutenant of Henry Fleming's company,
who is named Hasbrouck; MacChesnay, the Colonel of the regiment;
other junior officers such as Hannis and Tompkins; or general officers
such as Perry, Taylor, Whiterside, and Henderson.
--Stanley Wertheim, 3/9/05
Children of Jonathan Townley Crane, Jr.?
QUESTION: My Grt Granny Martha Bell Crane-Slutz of Palmrya Missouri-S.E.
Iowa told me in the very early 1960s--when she was 84 yrs of age--that
the famous author Stephen Crane was her Uncle. Her father's mname was
Bryant Crane. He married a Catherine Paugh in the 1860s at palmrya MO.
Does anyone there have any info on this? I have a faded copy of their
marriage cert. --Edmund Bryant abd Catherine. Can anyone tell me if Jon
Townley Crane-the father had a son by the name of Edmund Bryant Crane?
Del Moni 2/10/05
Edmund Bryan Crane (1857-1922) was the brother with whom Stephen
had the closest relationship, and his residences at Lake View,
New Jersey, and Hartwood, New York, were as near to what can be
called homes that Crane had in the United States. After the death
of Jonathan Townley Crane, Stephen lived for a time with Bryan,
then a teacher in Sussex County, New Jersey. When their mother
died, Edmund became Stephen's guardian. Much of The Red Badge
of Courage was written in Edmund's house at Lake View, and
the name of Edmund's wife, Mary L. Fleming, was probably the source
for the surname of the protagonist of the novel. The dating and
the names on the copy of the wedding certificate that you have
indicate that this Edmund Bryant Crane was not Stephen Crane's
--Stanley Wertheim, 2/12/05
|Hemingway on Crane
I´ve heard of Hemingway´s verdict that "The Open Boat" is a
must read for young writers. Could you give me the original quote?
Did Crane know Melville´s works, e.g. Moby Dick?
Rudi Barth 2/10/05
There is no discernible internal
evidence in Crane's works that he was familiar with the fiction
or poetry of Herman Melville, and it is extremely unlikely that
he would have been aware of Melville, other than as an early writer
of sea stories for boys. When Melville died in 1891, his once considerable
popularity had slipped into complete obscurity. It was not until
the 1920s that Melville achieved his reputation as a major American
--Stanley Wertheim, 2/11/05
about the videos on Crane: there's a video about Crane and The Red Badge
of Courage: , «Great Books - The Red Badge of Courage», Roundabout
Productions Inc. for TLC, 1999, Discovery Communications, Inc.
the Hemingway quote also exists: Hemingway mentions Crane several times
in Green Hills of Africa and A Moveable Feast. The quote mentioned is
from By-Line: Ernest Hemingway, pp. 217-219, when he mentions several
books and writers that are essential reading for a young novelist; among
these, «The Open Boat» and «The Blue Hotel» by
David Furtado 3/2/05